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Evaluation of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Tunisian Coronary Patients

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104214, PP. 1-11

Subject Areas: Cardiology

Keywords: Acute Coronary Syndrome, Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Homocysteine, Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase, C677T Polymorphism

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Abstract

Introduction: Ischemic heart disease ranked among the leading causes of death worldwide. Several biological and genetic risk factors associated with acute coronary syndrome. By addressing the risk factors, it is possible to prevent most of the cardiovascular diseases and contribute to the reduction of complications of acute coronary syndrome. Material and Methods: Our study is a prospective study that was conducted to the main military hospital of instruction of Tunis. Recruitment involved 122 coronary (n = 122) and 705 controls (n = 705) totaling a population of 827 subjects. Data collection concerned socio-demographic characteristics, anthropometric measurements, habits and lifestyle, health status and biological assessment. Results: Our study reported a high prevalence of cardiovascular classic risk factor particularly overweight (62.3%), diabetes (63.1%) and hypertension (50%). In 55% of coronary patients, moderate to intermediate hyperhomocysteinemia was found, but it appears to be an independent risk factor. The results of our study show a significant difference in the genotypic frequencies of the C677T mutation in the MTHFR gene between the two populations, cases and controls. Conclusion: Acute coronary syndromes are the leading cause of sudden death in adults. The evaluation of risk factors after acute coronary syndrome episode is essential for a better management according to the recommendations of learned societies and standards of good practice.

Cite this paper

Nadra, G. , Rihab, S. , Ossama, L. , Sana, A. , Manel, A. , Mabrouka, E. O. , Najla, S. , Thaker, L. , Habib, H. , Chakib, M. and Zied, A. (2018). Evaluation of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Tunisian Coronary Patients. Open Access Library Journal, 5, e4214. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1104214.

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