全部 标题 作者
关键词 摘要


Factors That Influence Entrepreneurial Intention within University Students in Egypt

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104881, PP. 1-14

Subject Areas: Socioeconomics, Entrepreneurship

Keywords: Behavior, Psychological Traits, Entrepreneurial Intention, Theory of Planned Behavior, Entrepreneurship Education, Perceived Behavior Control

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract

The current research aims to propose a framework of the effects of behav-ioral factors of theory of planned behavior and psychological traits factors on students’ entrepreneurial intention, measuring the size of effect, the circumstances under which the effect is clearly observed and studying the weighted effect of each of the behavior and traits elements. A questionnaire was adopted from previous studies and directed to students in the Egyptian universities. A total number of 430 respondents were considered and data were analyzed using AMOS through conducting SEM models for examining the effect of behavior and traits. Results showed that there is a significant effect of attitude toward behavior on students’ entrepreneurial intention, while there is an insignificant effect of traits.

Cite this paper

Sharaf, A. , El-Gharbawy, A. and Ragheb, M. A. (2018). Factors That Influence Entrepreneurial Intention within University Students in Egypt. Open Access Library Journal, 5, e4881. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1104881.

References

[1]  Bird, B.J. and West III, G.P. (1998) Time and Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 22, 5-9.
https://doi.org/10.1177/104225879802200201
[2]  Fayolle, A., Gailly, B. and Lassas-Clerc, N. (2006) Assessing the Impact of Entrepreneurship Education Programmes: A New Methodology. Journal of European Industrial Training, 30, 701-720.
https://doi.org/10.1108/03090590610715022
[3]  Maresch, D., Harms, R., Kailer, N. and Wimmer-Wurm, B. (2016) The Impact of Entrepreneurship Education on the Entrepreneurial Intention of Students in Science and Engineering versus Business Studies University Programs. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 104, 172-179.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2015.11.006
[4]  Krueger Jr, N.F. and Brazeal, D.V. (1994) Entrepreneurial Potential and Potential Entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 18, 91-104.
https://doi.org/10.1177/104225879401800307
[5]  Al-Shammari, M. and Waleed, R. (2018) Entrepreneurial Intentions of Private University Students in the Kingdom of Bahrain. International Journal of Innovation Science, 10, 43-57.
https://doi.org/10.1108/IJIS-06-2017-0058
[6]  Krueger Jr, N.F., Reilly, M.D. and Carsrud, A.L. (2000) Competing Models of Entrepreneurial Intentions. Journal of Business Venturing, 15, 411-432.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-9026(98)00033-0
[7]  Souitaris, V., Zerbinati, S. and Al-Laham, A. (2007) Do Entrepreneurship Programmes Raise Entrepreneurial Intention of Science and Engineering Students? The Effect of Learning, Inspiration and Resources. Journal of Business Venturing, 22, 566-591.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2006.05.002
[8]  Wiklund, J. and Shepherd, D. (2005) Entrepreneurial Orientation and Small Business Performance: A Configurational Approach. Journal of Business Venturing, 20, 71-91.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2004.01.001
[9]  Zhang, Y. and Yang, J. (2006) New Venture Creation: Evidence from an Investigation into Chinese Entrepreneurship. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 13, 161-173.
https://doi.org/10.1108/14626000610665872
[10]  Gird, A. and Bagraim, J.J. (2008) The Theory of Planned Behaviour as Predictor of Entrepreneurial Intent amongst Final-Year University Students. South African Journal of Psychology, 38, 711-724.
https://doi.org/10.1177/008124630803800410
[11]  Kautonen, T., van Gelderen, M. and Fink, M. (2015) Robustness of the Theory of Planned Behavior in Predicting Entrepreneurial Intentions and Actions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 39, 655-674.
https://doi.org/10.1111/etap.12056
[12]  Nitu-Antonie, R.D. and Feder, E.S. (2015) The Role of Economic Academic Education on Entrepreneurial Behaviour. Amfiteatru Economic Journal, 17, 261-276.
[13]  Islam, M.A., Khan, M.A., Obaidullah, A.Z.M. and Alam, M.S. (2011) Effect of Entrepreneur and Firm Characteristics on the Business Success of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Bangladesh. International Journal of Business and Management, 6, 289.
[14]  Nitu-Antonie, R.D., Sirghi, N., Hatega, C.D., Feder, E.S. and Ramona Socoliuc, O. (2014) Education-Vector of Entrepreneurship Development. Transformations in Business & Economics, 13.
[15]  Utsch, A. and Rauch, A. (2000) Innovativeness and Initiative as Mediators between Achievement Orientation and Venture Performance. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 9, 45-62.
https://doi.org/10.1080/135943200398058
[16]  Rauch, A. and Frese, M. (2007) Let’s Put the Person Back into Entrepreneurship Research: A Meta-Analysis on the Relationship between Business Owners’ Personality Traits, Business Creation, and Success. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 16, 353-385.
https://doi.org/10.1080/13594320701595438
[17]  Kolvereid, L. (1996) Prediction of Employment Status Choice Intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 21, 47-58.
https://doi.org/10.1177/104225879602100104
[18]  Ajzen, I. (1991) The Theory of Planned Behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T
[19]  Linán, F. and Chen, Y.W. (2009) Development and Cross-Cultural Application of a Specific Instrument to Measure Entrepreneurial Intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33, 593-617.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2009.00318.x
[20]  Linán, F. (2008) Skill and Value Perceptions: How Do They Affect Entrepreneurial Intentions? International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 4, 257-272.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-008-0093-0
[21]  Rauch, A. and Hulsink, W. (2015) Putting Entrepreneurship Education Where the Intention to Act Lies: An Investigation into the Impact of Entrepreneurship Education on Entrepreneurial Behavior. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 14, 187-204.
https://doi.org/10.5465/amle.2012.0293
[22]  Schlaegel, C. and Koenig, M. (2014) Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intent: A Meta-Analytic Test and Integration of Competing Models. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 38, 291-332.
https://doi.org/10.1111/etap.12087
[23]  Robledo, J.L.R., Arán, M.V., Sanchez, V.M. and Molina, M.á.R. (2015) The Moderating Role of Gender on Entrepreneurial Intentions: A TPB Perspective. Intangible Capital, 11, 92-117.
[24]  Fretschner, M. and Weber, S. (2013) Measuring and Understanding the Effects of Entrepreneurial Awareness Education. Journal of Small Business Management, 51, 410-428.
[25]  Awang, A., Amran, S., Nor, M.N.M., Ibrahim, I.I. and Razali, M.F.M. (2016) Individual Entrepreneurial Orientation Impact on Entrepreneurial Intention: Intervening Effect of PBC and Subjective Norm. Journal of Entrepreneurship, Business and Economics, 4, 94-129.
[26]  Kautonen, T., Van Gelderen, M. and Tornikoski, E.T. (2013) Predicting Entrepreneurial Behaviour: A Test of the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Applied Economics, 45, 697-707.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2011.610750
[27]  Linán, F., Rodríguez-Cohard, J.C. and Rueda-Cantuche, J.M. (2011) Factors Affecting Entrepreneurial Intention Levels: A Role for Education. International Entrepreneurship and Man-agement Journal, 7, 195-218.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-010-0154-z
[28]  Feder, E.S. and Nitu-Antonie, R.D. (2017) Connecting Gender Identity, Entrepreneurial Training, Role Models and Intentions. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 9, 87-108.
https://doi.org/10.1108/IJGE-08-2016-0028
[29]  Fietze, S. and Boyd, B. (2017) Entrepreneurial Intention of Danish Students: A Correspondence Analysis. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 23, 656-672.
https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEBR-08-2016-0241
[30]  Henley, A., Contreras, F., Espinosa, J.C. and Barbosa, D. (2017) Entrepreneurial Intentions of Colombian Business Students: Planned Behaviour, Leadership Skills and Social Capital. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 23, 1017-1032.
https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEBR-01-2017-0031
[31]  Shah, N. and Soomro, B.A. (2017) Investigating Entrepreneurial Intention among Public Sector University Students of Pakistan. Education Training, 59, 841-855.
https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-11-2016-0168
[32]  Yaghoubi Farani, A., Karimi, S. and Motaghed, M. (2017) The Role of Entrepreneurial Knowledge as a Competence in Shaping Iranian Students’ Career Intentions to Start a New Digital Business. European Journal of Training and Development, 41, 83-100.
https://doi.org/10.1108/EJTD-07-2016-0054
[33]  Chatterjee, N. and Das, N. (2015) Key Psychological Factors as Predictors of Entrepreneurial Success: A Conceptual Framework. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, 21, 102.
[34]  Srivastava, S. and Misra, R. (2017) Exploring Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Intentions of Young Women in India: A Multi-Method Analysis. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 9, 181-206.
https://doi.org/10.1108/JEEE-04-2016-0012
[35]  Obschonka, M. and Stuetzer, M. (2017) Integrating Psychological Approaches to Entrepreneurship: The Entrepreneurial Personality System (EPS). Small Business Economics, 49, 203-231.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-016-9821-y
[36]  ColakoGlu, N. and Gozükara, I. (2016) A Comparison Study on Personality Traits Based on the Attitudes of University Students toward Entrepreneurship. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, 229, 133-140.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.07.122
[37]  Karabulut, A.T. (2016) Personality Traits on Entrepreneurial Intention. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, 229, 12-21.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.07.109
[38]  Khuong, M.N. and An, N.H. (2016) The Factors Affecting Entre-preneurial Intention of the Students of Vietnam National University—A Mediation Analysis of Perception toward Entrepre-neurship. Journal of Economics, Business and Management, 4, 104-111.
[39]  Chaudhary, R. (2017) Demographic Factors, Personality and Entrepreneurial Inclination: A Study among Indian University Students. Education Training, 59, 171-187.
https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-02-2016-0024
[40]  Nasip, S., Amirul, S.R., Sondoh Jr., S.L. and Tanakinjal, G.H. (2017) Psychological Characteristics and Entrepreneurial Intention: A Study among University Students in North Borneo, Malaysia. Education Training, 59, 825-840.
https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-10-2015-0092
[41]  Sekaran, U. and Bougie, R. (2016) Research Methods for Business: A Skill-Building Approach. 7th Edition, Wiley & Sons, West Sussex.

Full-Text


comments powered by Disqus