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Jun 06, 2018Open    AccessArticle

One Neglected Yawning Function like Slow Wave Sleep: The Hypothetic Neurovascular Regulation from Mouth to Eye Driven by Expiration

Zi-Jian Cai
In this article, it is considered that the mechanism of yawning function is cor-relative to sleep. It was revealed from the electrophysiological studies that the slow wave sleep (SWS) was characterized as decrease in excitation from inspir-atory motoneurons more than from expiration, manifesting the expiratory activity dominating in SWS. To analogize yawning to SWS, herein it is only considered the expirat
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Aug 08, 2017Open    AccessArticle

A Novel Surgical Approach to Traumatic Intracranial Epidural Hematoma

David Shrestha, Liang Feng
Objective: Traumatic intracranial epidural hematoma is considered to be the serious complication of head injury requiring appropriate evaluation and surgical intervention. Although craniotomy provides an effective evacuation of the hematoma, there is an insufficient data to support one particular surgical treatment method. The objective of this study is to address the effectiveness of Urokinase instillation via single b
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Jul 12, 2017Open    AccessArticle

The Cholinergic-Regulated Thalamocortical Imagining as Mind Differentiated in Two Phases of Sleep: A View from the Guangdong People

Zi-Jian Cai
Recently, many achievements on neural sciences have been made by the people in television, such as the adipose cause of male hypothalamic aging, and so on. In this article, it is reported that, on June 17 this year in evening in television, the people in Guangdong attending the Opening Ceremony of BRICS Games there suggested that the cholinergic-regulated thalamocortical activation would result in the cortical imagin
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Jun 08, 2017Open    AccessArticle

A Combination of Tanacetum parthenium, Griffonia simplicifolia and Magnesium (Aurastop) as Symptomatic Acute Treatment for Migraine Aura: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Paola Zavarise, Giorgio Dalla Volta
Background: effective treatments for migraine aura and related symptoms are not yet well established. In the last years, several herbal and/or nutraceutical preparations have been proposed as potential treatment. We report the results of a retrospective analysis on the synergistic effect of three nutraceutical components (Tanacetum p
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Apr 27, 2017Open    AccessArticle

JAK-STAT Lodges in Multiple Sclerosis: Pathophysiology and Therapeutic Approach Overview

Kabir Magaji Hamid, Abdullahi Isiyaku, Mustapha Umar Kalgo, Isah Suleiman Yahaya, Abbas Mirshafiey
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex inflammatory and demyelinating disease of central nervous system (CNS). The disease pathogenesis is not fully understood and no actual cure for the disease yet. The disease has genetic and environmental cause as fundamental factors which are identified for the disease pathogenesis so far. One of the characteristic features of the disease is inflammation cause due to activation of pro-inflammato
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Apr 19, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Neuron Specific Enolase, a Biomarker of Breast Cancer Cerebral Metastasis

Cristina Dumitrescu, Lieveke Ameye, Sofia Latifyan, Ziad Elali, Dominique Lossignol
Introduction: The diagnosis of brain metastasis and/or epilepsy remains a challenge in neurological symptomatic and asymptomatic cancer patients. Despite improved imagery and clinical approach, an early diagnosis requires more tools. Neuron Specific Enolase (NSE) is a specific molecular marker for mature nerve cells dosed at high levels in fetal and early postnatal brain, and is also a tumor marker in some types of neuroendocrine
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Dec 08, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Anti-LGI1 Limbic Encephalitis—Case Report

Susana Sá, Miquelina Redondo
Limbic encephalitis is characterized by acute or subacute changes in mood and behaviour, by recent memory changes, seizures and cognitive dysfunction. In this article, the authors present a case report of a 53-year-old woman that resorted to consultation with clinical presentation suggestive of major depressive episode. However, the worsening of symptoms despite treatment and the testimony of seizures put on the trail of another d
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Nov 17, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Metastatic Secondary Anaplastic Meningioma

Luigina Santorsa, Filomenamila Lorusso, Rosa Divella, Antonia Gentile, Antonio Mazzocca, Pasquale Di Fazio, Laura Troiani, Claudio Lotesoriere, Giovanna Campanella, Junia Bagnoli, Ivan Lolli
Usually, meningiomas are benign neoplasms and their malignant behavior is limited to local recurrence and brain invasion. The rate of local recurrence increases according to histological grade as reported by WHO criteria while extracranial metastases are rare. Anaplastic meningiomas (AM) represent the most rare and aggressive subtype of all meningiomas. This tumor may progress from lower grade I or II meningiomas (secondary AM) or
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Oct 25, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Lumbosciatica in Consultation in Neurology, University Hospital of Cocody Epidemiologic, Clinical, Therapeutic and Evolutionary Aspects

Amon-Tanoh Muriel, Assi Berthe, Kouamé-Assouan Ange Eric, Yapo-Ehounoud Constance, Tanoh Christian
The lumbosciatica, lumbo-neuralgic pain, is common. Their mechanisms are diverse. They are degenerative, infectious, inflammatory, tumoral, and traumatic. Their recurrence and their disabling aspect are responsible for a significant social and occupational disability, which is a cause of absenteeism. Our objective in this paper was to describe the epidemiological, clinical, paraclinical, therapeutic and evolutionary aspect of pati
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Jun 16, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Application of a “United Scoring Method” to Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury in the Critically Surgical State

Kaimin Wang, Hao Li, Zhiqiang Li, Ning Zhang, Zhe Quan
Introduction: To investigate a more reasonable treatment strategy for traumatic brain injury in the critical surgery state and increase the clinical therapeutic effects. Methods: Fifty-nine patients with traumatic brain injury in the critical operation state were randomly divided into an experimental group (n = 31) and a control group (
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