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Jun 06, 2018Open    AccessArticle

One Neglected Yawning Function like Slow Wave Sleep: The Hypothetic Neurovascular Regulation from Mouth to Eye Driven by Expiration

Zi-Jian Cai
In this article, it is considered that the mechanism of yawning function is cor-relative to sleep. It was revealed from the electrophysiological studies that the slow wave sleep (SWS) was characterized as decrease in excitation from inspir-atory motoneurons more than from expiration, manifesting the expiratory activity dominating in SWS. To analogize yawning to SWS, herein it is only considered the expirat
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Mar 15, 2018Open    AccessArticle

An Open-Ended Approach to Piagetian Development of Adaptive Behavior

Kole Harvey
In this paper, we are interested in the open-ended development of adaptive behavior by infant humans in the context of embodied, enactive cognitive science. We focus on the sensorimotor development of an infant child from gestation to toddler and discuss what aspects of the body, brain, and environment could allow for the sort of leaps of complexity observed in the developing infant that has heretofore not been replicable by artif
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Dec 28, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Five Phases Music Therapy (FPMT) in Chinese Medicine: Fundamentals and Application

Hui Zhang, Han Lai
Music therapy has served as complementary and alternative medicine for various neurological disorders. Five Phases Music Therapy (FPMT) employs the theory of five phases and five music scales or tones (宫Gong (do), 商Shang (ri), 角Jue (mi), 徵Zhi (so) and 羽Yu (la)) to analyze and treat mind-body illness. In Chinese Medicine (CM), the five music scales are used to connect the human body and the universe, interpret personalities and con
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Jul 12, 2017Open    AccessArticle

The Cholinergic-Regulated Thalamocortical Imagining as Mind Differentiated in Two Phases of Sleep: A View from the Guangdong People

Zi-Jian Cai
Recently, many achievements on neural sciences have been made by the people in television, such as the adipose cause of male hypothalamic aging, and so on. In this article, it is reported that, on June 17 this year in evening in television, the people in Guangdong attending the Opening Ceremony of BRICS Games there suggested that the cholinergic-regulated thalamocortical activation would result in the cortical imagin
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Mar 21, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence and Pattern of Workplace Violence and Ethnic Discrimination among Workers in a Tertiary Institution in Southern Nigeria

K. E. Douglas, A. K. Nkporbu
Background: Work and work environment are important influences on both health and production. Psychosocial hazards, including Work place occupational violence and racial discrimination, may be assuming a major place in occupational health and safety, especially in developing countries like Nigeria. Work place occupational violence and racial discrimination, though appears latent, equally appears to receive
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Mar 14, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Vitamin B12 Deficiency in Resistant Schizophrenia in Tropics

Thirunavukarasu Kumanan, Naveen Thomas, Selladurai Pirasath
Vitamin B12 deficiency and hyperhomocysteinemia are common in tropical developing countries. In prevalence study, among Indian population by Yajnik and colleagues, 67% of men had low vitamin B12 concentration and 58% had hyperhomocysteinemia [1]. Here, we report two patients with vitamin B12
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Dec 12, 2016Open    AccessArticle

“I Have Macroglobulinemia, and Now What?”—Case Report

Susana Sá, Miquelina Redondo
Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM) is a chronic, indolent, lymphoproliferative disease of B lymphocytes, characterized by a lymphoplasmocytic lymphoma in the bone marrow and by Immunoglobulin (Ig) M monoclonal hypergammaglobulinemia. WM is considered incurable and the treatment of asymptomatic patients didn’t show benefit in terms of mortality. In this article, the authors present a case report of a 64-years-old woman, without rel
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Dec 08, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Anti-LGI1 Limbic Encephalitis—Case Report

Susana Sá, Miquelina Redondo
Limbic encephalitis is characterized by acute or subacute changes in mood and behaviour, by recent memory changes, seizures and cognitive dysfunction. In this article, the authors present a case report of a 53-year-old woman that resorted to consultation with clinical presentation suggestive of major depressive episode. However, the worsening of symptoms despite treatment and the testimony of seizures put on the trail of another d
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Oct 28, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Assessment of Risk Factors for Psychosocial Hazards among Workers in a Tertiary Institution in Nigeria: The Need for a Safer Work Environment

A. K. Nkporbu, E. O. Asuquo, K. E. Douglas
Background: Work place psychosocial hazards are assuming a central place in occupational health and safety, especially in developing countries like Nigeria. Psychosocial hazards refer to the mental stresses of work including all sources of fatigue and stress caused by work, work structure, design and regulation that affect output and employee’s wellbeing and health. Several factors have been identified to increase the risks of ps
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May 30, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence and Pattern of Work Place Bullying as Psychosocial Hazards among Workers in a Tertiary Institution in Nigeria

Aborlo Kennedy Nkporbu, Kingsley Enyina Douglas
BACKGROUND: Work and work environment have enormous influences on both health and production. Psychosocial hazards, including bullying, may be assuming a major place in occupational health and safety, especially in developing countries like Nigeria. Work place bullying, though appears latent, equally appears to receive little attention in workplaces. AIM: The study was to assess the prevalence and pattern of work place bullying am
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