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Feb 13, 2018Open AccessArticle
The hypothesis of the charge structures matter serves as the basis for defining the inner energies of “rest” an electron: E_{e}=αc/(2πR_{e} ...
Jan 29, 2018Open AccessArticle
The most difficult problem in the research on strong
interaction is to solve the mechanical expression of strong nuclear force, thus
failing to comprehensively describe the state in and between hadrons. In this
paper, reasonable strong force potential hypothesis is proposed through
analysis, and strong interaction is classified into 5 types according to
different stress particles; then, different internal symmetrical struct ...
Dec 19, 2017Open AccessArticle
In this paper we
consider a mathematical model for the inverse β decay
in a uniform magnetic field. With this model we associate a Hamiltonian with
cutoffs in an appropriate Fock space. No infrared regularization is assumed.
The Hamiltonian is selfadjoint and has a unique ground state. We study the
essential spectrum and de ...
Oct 26, 2017Open AccessArticle
In this paper, we discuss the equation of state for
nonlinear spinor gases in the context of cosmology. The mean energy momentum
tensor is similar to that of the prefect fluid, but an additional function of
state W is introduced to describe the
nonlinear potential. The equation of state w(a)^1 in the early
universe is calculated, which provides a natural explan ...
Oct 26, 2017Open AccessArticle
The energy momentum tensor of perfect fluid is a
simplified but successful model in astrophysics. In this paper, assuming the
particles driven by gravity and moving along geodesics, we derived the functions
of state in detail. The results show that, these functions have a little
correction for the usual thermodynamics. The new functions naturally satisfy
the causal condition and consist with relativity. For the selfpotentials of
...
Jul 24, 2017Open AccessArticle
A previous preon model for
the substructure of the standard model quarks and leptons is completed to
provide a model of Planck scale gravity and black holes. Gravity theory with
torsion is introduced in the model. Torsion has been shown to produce an
axialvector field coupled to spinors, in the present case preons, causing an
attractive preonpreon interaction. This is assumed to be the leading term of
UV gravity. The b ...
May 16, 2017Open AccessArticle
A previous spin 1/2 preon model for the substructure
of the standard model quarks and leptons is complemented to provide particle
classification group, preon interactions and
a tentative model of black holes. The goal of this study is to analyze a phenomenological theory of all interactions. A minimal amount of
physical assumptions are made and only experimentally verified global and gauge
groups are employed: SLq(2), the three of ...
Feb 28, 2017Open AccessArticle
I study the properties of a preon model for the substructure of the standard model quarks and leptons. The goal is to establish both local and global group representations for the particles of the model. Knot theory algebra SLq(2) is shown to be applicable to the model. Teleparallel gravity is discussed with an interesting result to hadronic physics. A tentative glimpse on quantum gravity is i ...
Jan 19, 2017Open AccessArticle
I consider the standard model, together with a preon version of it, to search for unifying principles between quantum particles and general relativity. Argument is given for unified field theory being based on gravitational and electromagnetic interactions alone. Conformal symmetry is introduced in the action of gravity with the Weyl tensor. Electromagnetism is geometrized to conform with gravity. Conformal symmetry is seen to imp ...
Dec 20, 2016Open AccessArticle
I consider a preon model for quarks and leptons based on
massless constituents having spin 1/2 and
charge 1/3 or 0. The color
and weak interaction gauge structures can be deduced from the three preon
states. Argument is given for unified field theory being based on gravitational
and electromagnetic interactions only. Conformal symmetry is introduced in the action of gravity with
the Weyl tensor. Electromagnetism is ...
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