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Apr 18, 2018Open    AccessArticle

The Electromagnetic Unification of Four Forces and Electromagnetic Structures of Particles

Zi-Jian Cai
Recently, the book “Electromagnetic Unification of Four Forces” (ISBN978-3-659-76798-2) was published, compiling the progressions in physics made by the world people, manifested in television while led notably by me and the Members in the world satellite networks from India, Zhejiang and USA. Many important progressions were achieved, such as the spatially localized electromagnetic mass structure; the electromagneti
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Mar 27, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Gravitational Deflection of Celestial Bodies and Photons

Barbaro Quintero-Leyva
The gravitational deflection angle of celestial bodies travelling near the sun with large eccentricity was derived using the extended Newtonian theory (ENET) and Einstein general theory of relativity (GTR). It was found that the non-Newtonian gravitational deflection of celestial bodies for ENET is 1.5 times the prediction of GTR. The deflection angle of the photon however coincided with the light deflection of GTR. It was als
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Feb 13, 2018Open    AccessArticle

The Charge Structures of Aether and Substance

Georgy Nikolskiy
The hypothesis of the charge structures matter serves as the basis for defining the inner energies of “rest” an electron: Ee=αc/(2πRe
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Jan 29, 2018Open    AccessArticle

A Strong Force Potential Formula and the Classification of the Strong Interaction

Zhengdong Huang
The most difficult problem in the research on strong interaction is to solve the mechanical expression of strong nuclear force, thus failing to comprehensively describe the state in and between hadrons. In this paper, reasonable strong force potential hypothesis is proposed through analysis, and strong interaction is classified into 5 types according to different stress particles; then, different internal symmetrical struct
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Dec 19, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Weak Interactions in a Background of a Uniform Magnetic Field. A Mathematical Model for the Inverse β Decay. I.

Jean-Claude Guillot
In this paper we consider a mathematical model for the inverse β decay in a uniform magnetic field. With this model we associate a Hamiltonian with cutoffs in an appropriate Fock space. No infrared regularization is assumed. The Hamiltonian is self-adjoint and has a unique ground state. We study the essential spectrum and de
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Oct 26, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Nonlinear Spinors as the Candidate of Dark Matter

Yingqiu Gu
In this paper, we discuss the equation of state for nonlinear spinor gases in the context of cosmology. The mean energy momentum tensor is similar to that of the prefect fluid, but an additional function of state W is introduced to describe the nonlinear potential. The equation of state w(a)^-1 in the early universe is calculated, which provides a natural explan
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Oct 26, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Functions of State for Spinor Gas in General Relativity

Yingqiu Gu
The energy momentum tensor of perfect fluid is a simplified but successful model in astrophysics. In this paper, assuming the particles driven by gravity and moving along geodesics, we derived the functions of state in detail. The results show that, these functions have a little correction for the usual thermodynamics. The new functions naturally satisfy the causal condition and consist with relativity. For the self-potentials of
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Jul 24, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Preons, Gravity and Black Holes

Risto Raitio
A previous preon model for the substructure of the standard model quarks and leptons is completed to provide a model of Planck scale gravity and black holes. Gravity theory with torsion is introduced in the model. Torsion has been shown to produce an axial-vector field coupled to spinors, in the present case preons, causing an attractive preon-preon interaction. This is assumed to be the leading term of UV gravity. The b
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May 16, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Preons, Standard Model, Gravity with Torsion and Black Holes

Risto Raitio
A previous spin 1/2 preon model for the substructure of the standard model quarks and leptons is complemented to provide particle classification group, preon interactions and a tentative model of black holes. The goal of this study is to analyze a phenomenological theory of all interactions. A minimal amount of physical assumptions are made and only experimentally verified global and gauge groups are employed: SLq(2), the three of
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Feb 28, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Preon Model, Knot Algebra and Gravity

Risto Raitio
I study the properties of a preon model for the substructure of the standard model quarks and leptons. The goal is to establish both local and global group representations for the particles of the model. Knot theory algebra SLq(2) is shown to be applicable to the model. Teleparallel gravity is discussed with an interesting result to hadronic physics. A tentative glimpse on quantum gravity is i
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