May 14, 2015Open AccessArticle
Based on the idea of that particle decay represents nothing but a kind of
thermodynamic process due to its spontaneity, we here explore a new kind of
heat engine: particle Carnot engine (PCE), which satisfies Carnot’s theorem.
The result shows that any single particle carries its quantized intrinsic
entropy, and the total entropy never decreases for any decay process. Particle
thermodynamic laws analogous to the usual ones are proposed, among which the
momentum conservation principle is speciall...