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Nov 05, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Surrogate Motherhood in Colombia as a Gender Situation

José Antonio García Pereánez, Lina María Ríos Martínez, Jeisson Londono Quiroz
Surrogate motherhood is an assisted human reproduction method. This method is developed when a woman, in this case, genetic substitute, commits to carry a baby with the obligation to deliver him/her to the contracting parties when he/she is born. This paper reports the analysis of “Surrogate Motherhood in Colombia as a Gender Situation”, which was achieved by applying guidelines of qualitative research, investigating the Colombian

Dec 19, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Evolution of International Humanitarian Law and War: Crime in International Proportions

Renata Mantovani De Lima, Michelle Batista
The involvement of States in dispute over power, the ethnic, cultural and religious diversity of the human element that composes these States, the terrorist threat, as well as economic and technological development, underpin and imply an increase in the destructive power of armed conflicts, a cruel and sad reality of the history of humanity. Wounds, mutilations, displacements and suffering of people, destruction of the environment

Nov 21, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Revisiting the Anti-Hazing Law in Selected Higher Education Institutions in Nueva Ecija, Philippines: A Policy Review

Arneil G. Gabriel, Teodora Luz Mangahas
Hazing is a serious social problem. It wasted not only the lives of future and promising leaders of society but also their aspirations for their families. The study is an evaluation of the implementation of the Anti-Hazing Law. 80 Student Organization Members and Officers (SOMO) and 20 Student Affairs Professionals (SAP) from four (4) universities in Nueva Ecija, Philippines are interviewed. From the point of view of the responden

Aug 31, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Ethiopian Sales Law in the Light of International Laws and Principles of Contract

Zena Abera
Contract laws are determinant factors in fostering both domestic and international trade. The better a country has efficient contract rules, the more it attracts trade and investment. This paper is aiming to provide a comparative analysis of the Ethiopian sales law in the light of CISG, PECL, and UNIDROIT Principles. It analyzes the different possibilities of application of these instruments in comparison to Ethiopian law of sales

Apr 20, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Protecting Child Labor in Bangladesh under Domestic Laws

Mahbub Bin Shahjahan, Mst. Jesmin Ara, Md. Ayaz
This study intends to raise awareness about the issues related to child labor in the formal and informal industry in Bangladesh. Child labor is now a global concern and as such involved devotion of people in various sectors. It tries to present the socio-economic scenario of child labor in Bangladesh which has in recent times attracted concerted attention not only in Bangladesh but also all over the world. Child labor problem is a socio-economic reality in the country which can’t be ignored. Her...

Jun 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Unlawfulness in Western European Tort Law

Martín García-Ripoll
In the wake of the German Civil Code (BGB), the codes of different countries of Western Europe include an apparently distorting requisite for an action in tort, which is the unlawfulness. This paper aims to clarify its original meaning and the possibilities of accepting it in jurisdictions where its law does not require expressly that element, including those of Common Law. Before moving directly into the problem, a clarification seems necessary for Common Law scholars, for this paper is focused...

Mar 11, 2015Open    AccessArticle

On Standardizing Philanthropy

Uzi Sasson
Philanthropies and governments traditionally share power relations. While governments exercise their power to rule by regulations, philanthropies, on the other hand, perceive government involvement, through regulation, as a way to reduce their power. In order to bridge these two forces that don’t necessarily share similar interests, a third party is needed. This external agency should set guiding standards for philanthropies to follow as well as for the cooperation between the government and the...

Sep 24, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Democratic Principle and the Right to Decide: The Case of Catalan Secession

José J. Jiménez Sánchez
These pages reflect on the connection, at first sight evident, between the democratic principle and the right to decide. However, this work highlights some of the contradictions in which certain of its supporters fall and it defends. On the contrary, the need to establish that the relationship between the principle of the rule of law and the democratic principle cannot give either preeminence over the other. The reason lies in that the democratic principle cannot be understood as the mere sum of...

Aug 21, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Understanding the Nature of the Presumption of Resulting Trusts

Xueping Chen
The nature of the presumption of a resulting trust has generated a controversy, which has created two schools of thoughts. Both schools of thoughts claim that resulting trusts give effect to the presumed intention, positive or negative. But in this paper, I take on a quite different view of point that whether a lack of intent to benefit or a positive intent to create a trust is not related with the presumption of the resulting trusts, which, I believe, will make it interesting to general readers...