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May 21, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Bioremediation of Refinery Oil Contaminated Soil

Xingling Tao, Li-An Ma
Objective: In order to study low activity of petroleum-degrading strains. Methods: We added oil degrading strains to compost, the compost is made of soybean meal, corn flour, bran and sawdust, in the last, we added the oil degrading strains-compost contaminated soil. Result: The oil removal rates were determinated by gravimetric method. The oil removal rates of control group, oil contaminated soil compost grou

Apr 29, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Effects of Sewage Treatment on Microbial Community Structure of Surface Water in Xiantao Wetland

Shufen Song, Fan Yang, Li-An Ma, Xiu-Fang Gao
[Objective] The aim of study is to research the treatment of urban sewage by the semi natural wetland method in the high connectivity water system of the surface water and surface water in the inland waterway. [Methods] Microbial diversity and community structure in the surface water of eight samples on the Xiantao artificial wetland were investigated by using the Illumina Miseq sequencing technique and the resulting microbial dat

Apr 28, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Multitemporal Analysis of Coastal Erosion Based on Multisource Satellite Images in the South of the Mono Transboundary Biosphere Reserve in Togo (West Africa)

Yawo Konko, Bawinabadi Bagaram, Frédéric Julien, Kokouvi Gbétey Akpamou, Kouami Kokou
Climate change is affecting terrestrial and maritime ecosystems of Mono transboundary biosphere reserve and the whole Togolese coast. This research focuses both on the dynamics of the barrier beach and on spatial and temporal changes that affected the ocean coastline and its adjacent Lake Togo and Lake Boko during the period 1988-2018. The methodological approach adopted is based on a combination of optical and radar remote sensin

Apr 08, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Microbial Inoculants Development for Bioremediation of Gasoline and Diesel Contaminated Soil

Aline Jaime Leal, Edmo Montes Rodrigues, Rita de Cássia Rocha Fernandes, Arnaldo Chaer Borges, Aline Daniela Lopes Júlio, Fernanda de Souza Freitas, Marcos Rogério Tótola
In this study, we describe the development of microbial inoculants for the bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soils through the enrichment of hydrocarbonoclastic populations in municipal solid waste compost (MSWC). Respirometric analyses were performed along with quantification of total heterotrophic bacteria and ester-linked fatty acid methyl ester (EL-FAME) profiling of the microbial communities o

Mar 26, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Stakeholder and Public Participation in Water Quality Management: Case Study of University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus (UNMC) Lake

Doris Ifeoma Ogueri
Most urban/artificial lakes are created for relaxation, beautification and other recreational purposes. It is a way of bringing nature closer to the urban populace and lakes with better water quality contribute to a higher quality of life. Lake is an identity for all the three University of Nottingham Campuses in UK, China and Malaysia. Beautiful pictures showing the lake with the Trent building are mostly used in all marketing

Mar 12, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Endogenous Forest Development Paradigm: Challenging Current Forest Conservation Practices in Ghana

Thomas Agana, Millar Katherine Kaunza, David Millar
The centre of Ghana development is land that plays a vital role. This article focused mainly on the rapid land degradation and deforestation due to bush fires, poorly managed grazing, farming and agricultural conversion, current forest/woodland governance systems and major policy gaps that were identified. A combination of methods used included: Extensive study of secondary literature/reports/programmes/write-ups (from 1999-2004),

Feb 28, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Climate Variability Adaptation Strategies: Challenges to Livestock Mobility in South-Eastern Burkina Faso

Charles L. Sanou, Daniel N. Tsado, André Kiema, Julia O. Eichie, Appollonia A. Okhimamhe
This research work aims to study the perceptions of pastoralists and agro- pastoralists on climate change impacts on mobile herding and the effectiveness of herders’ adaptive strategies within Kompienga Province, south-eastern region of Burkina Faso. In order to achieve this aim, survey data were retrieved from 271 respondents and analysed. From respondents’ perceptions, climate change is real and is negatively affecting forage av

Dec 29, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Knowledge of Climate Change and the Perception of Nigeria’s Coastal Communities on the Occurrence of Sargassum natans and Sargassum fluitans

Lucette Adet, Godwin Nmeka Nsofor, Kehinde Olufunso Ogunjobi, Brahima Camara
Climate change effects threat life on earth especially economically poor areas. Among them is noticed the shifting of the algae species Sargassum natans and Sargassum fluitanss seaweeds from the Brazilian coast to new areas along the West African coastline. Their occurrence along the Nigerian

Dec 28, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Assessing the Socioecological Perspectives of Eucalyptus Cultivation and Plantation Expansion in Laos

Xayphanya Chanthalath, Liu Yong, Mukete Beckline, Southdavone Inthilath
In Laos, the cultivation of fast growing trees as eucalypts has been promoted due to a rapid decline in natural forest cover. However, this expansion of fast growing trees might not end in a win-win situation for both humans and the environment. This paper examines the social and ecological potentials of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus