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Mar 12, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Endogenous Forest Development Paradigm: Challenging Current Forest Conservation Practices in Ghana

Thomas Agana, Millar Katherine Kaunza, David Millar
The centre of Ghana development is land that plays a vital role. This article focused mainly on the rapid land degradation and deforestation due to bush fires, poorly managed grazing, farming and agricultural conversion, current forest/woodland governance systems and major policy gaps that were identified. A combination of methods used included: Extensive study of secondary literature/reports/programmes/write-ups (from 1999-2004),

Feb 28, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Climate Variability Adaptation Strategies: Challenges to Livestock Mobility in South-Eastern Burkina Faso

Charles L. Sanou, Daniel N. Tsado, André Kiema, Julia O. Eichie, Appollonia A. Okhimamhe
This research work aims to study the perceptions of pastoralists and agro- pastoralists on climate change impacts on mobile herding and the effectiveness of herders’ adaptive strategies within Kompienga Province, south-eastern region of Burkina Faso. In order to achieve this aim, survey data were retrieved from 271 respondents and analysed. From respondents’ perceptions, climate change is real and is negatively affecting forage av

Dec 29, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Knowledge of Climate Change and the Perception of Nigeria’s Coastal Communities on the Occurrence of Sargassum natans and Sargassum fluitans

Lucette Adet, Godwin Nmeka Nsofor, Kehinde Olufunso Ogunjobi, Brahima Camara
Climate change effects threat life on earth especially economically poor areas. Among them is noticed the shifting of the algae species Sargassum natans and Sargassum fluitanss seaweeds from the Brazilian coast to new areas along the West African coastline. Their occurrence along the Nigerian

Dec 28, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Assessing the Socioecological Perspectives of Eucalyptus Cultivation and Plantation Expansion in Laos

Xayphanya Chanthalath, Liu Yong, Mukete Beckline, Southdavone Inthilath
In Laos, the cultivation of fast growing trees as eucalypts has been promoted due to a rapid decline in natural forest cover. However, this expansion of fast growing trees might not end in a win-win situation for both humans and the environment. This paper examines the social and ecological potentials of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus

Oct 27, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Isolation, Identification and Degradation Characteristics of Oil Degrading Bacterial Strain

Yabin Zhan, Xingling Tao, Shanwen He, Shufen Song, Jingjing Xing, Fangmin Li, Tao Jiang, Lian Ma
Objective: The aim of study is to obtain a strain which can effectively degrade oil. Methods: By enrichment, domestication and separation of culture from the sample which comes from Qianjiang Guanghua Oilfield, the pure culture (G-40) was selected from the medium supplemented with oil as the sole source of carbon. The G-40 was preliminarily identified and classified by morphological observation, physiological and biochemical deter

May 08, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Climate Variability: Attributes and Indicators of Adaptive Capacity in Semi-Arid Tharaka Sub-County, Kenya

Charles W. Recha, George L. Makokha, Chris A. Shisanya, Mercy N. Mukopi
This study assessed the state of adaptive capacity in four agro-ecological zones of Tharaka sub-county, Kenya. The study utilized two data sets: household survey and key informants. At total of 326 household respondents across four agro-ecological zones; and 24 key informants from public and private sectors were sampled. A chi-square test was used to test the independence of attributes of adaptive capacity-fle

Jan 12, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Ecological-Geobotanical Monitoring of Forest Use (Some Methodological Aspects)

Alexander Sizykh, Alexey Shekhovtsov
Setting of forms and methods for forest use must be based on assessment and forecast characteristics of forests modern state taking into account probable trends of their formation (or reconstitution) on the base of the analysis of modern physical-geographic conditions on a concrete territory. A very efficient method for this can be an ecological mapping monitoring of forest use with outlining of a series of ecological-geobotanic m

Nov 04, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Food Habits and Sport Practice According to BMI Categories and Rural/Urban Origin

Andrea Pavanetto, Nicola Lovecchio, Matteo Zago, Antonio La Torre
The juvenile obesity is correlated to dietary and physical activity. Moreover, the rural or urban context could affect other aspects like time available to practice sport or the availability of sport facilities. Thus, this brief report investigated the relationship between origin and food habits in children belonging to different BMI categories. Over than 1400 p

Oct 26, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Facilitating the Automatic Characterisation, Classification and Description of Biological Images with the VisionBioShape Package for R

Biel Stela, Antonio Monleón-Getino
Here, we present the VisioBioshapeR package for R [R Core, 2014]. This new library is a comprehensive, multifunctional toolbox designed to automatically analyse biological images. The package extends other common libraries (Momocs, ShapeR) used for biological shape analysis by allowing the user to extract closed contour outlines automatically from reading binary images. Current functionalities of VisioBioshapeR include: random ext