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Aug 09, 2018Open    AccessArticle

The Leap of Mind of Linguistic Humans over Animals

Zi-Jian Cai
Recently, it was suggested by Cai a new semantic/syntactic/episodic model of language, encompassing the sentential meanings to the neural linguistic components, and making it possible to install the whole linguistic functions into robots through the three semantic/syntactic/episodic components. In this article, it is considered some improvements of language brought to the brain and mind of humans over animals, and accordingly some
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Jun 06, 2018Open    AccessArticle

One Neglected Yawning Function like Slow Wave Sleep: The Hypothetic Neurovascular Regulation from Mouth to Eye Driven by Expiration

Zi-Jian Cai
In this article, it is considered that the mechanism of yawning function is cor-relative to sleep. It was revealed from the electrophysiological studies that the slow wave sleep (SWS) was characterized as decrease in excitation from inspir-atory motoneurons more than from expiration, manifesting the expiratory activity dominating in SWS. To analogize yawning to SWS, herein it is only considered the expirat
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Mar 26, 2018Open    AccessArticle

The Peripheral Hypotheses of Hypothalamic Aging

Zi-Jian Cai
It is well known that the hypothalamic changes in control of hormones determine the chronological sequence of aging in mammals. For decades, it has been demonstrated in humans that the hypothalamic nuclei manifest heterogeneity in degeneration during aging, with the neuron number decreasing in both the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and the preoptic sexually dimorphic nucleus (SDN-POA) in the process of senescence, while the neuron
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Aug 07, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Three Types of Episodic Associations for the Semantic/Syntactic/Episodic Model of Language Prospective in Applications to the Statistical Translation

Zi-Jian Cai
Recently, it was proposed by Cai a new semantic/ syntactic/ episodic model of language encompassing the sentential meanings, while deriving three corresponding principles from it for machine translation, respectively as first to establish the dictionary of words/phrases, second to translate the grammar, and third to determine the meanings of some words/phrases of multiple meanings by statistic
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Jul 12, 2017Open    AccessArticle

The Cholinergic-Regulated Thalamocortical Imagining as Mind Differentiated in Two Phases of Sleep: A View from the Guangdong People

Zi-Jian Cai
Recently, many achievements on neural sciences have been made by the people in television, such as the adipose cause of male hypothalamic aging, and so on. In this article, it is reported that, on June 17 this year in evening in television, the people in Guangdong attending the Opening Ceremony of BRICS Games there suggested that the cholinergic-regulated thalamocortical activation would result in the cortical imagin
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May 16, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Giant Cell Tumour of the Skull Base Treated with Surgery, Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Denosumab: Case Report and Review of Literature

Jorge H. Guajardo, Cuauhtemoc de la Pena, Maria F. Gonzalez, Cesar Gonzalez, Carlos Cuilty, Horacio Decanini
Giant cell tumours (GCT) of the skull base account for approximately 1% of all GTC of the bone. Despite being considered as a benign neoplasm, they are locally aggressive with high recurrence rates after incomplete surgery. Due to the small number of cases reported in skull base, standardized treatment remains unclear. Even with new surgical techniques, a complete resection in skull base tumou
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Apr 27, 2017Open    AccessArticle

JAK-STAT Lodges in Multiple Sclerosis: Pathophysiology and Therapeutic Approach Overview

Kabir Magaji Hamid, Abdullahi Isiyaku, Mustapha Umar Kalgo, Isah Suleiman Yahaya, Abbas Mirshafiey
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex inflammatory and demyelinating disease of central nervous system (CNS). The disease pathogenesis is not fully understood and no actual cure for the disease yet. The disease has genetic and environmental cause as fundamental factors which are identified for the disease pathogenesis so far. One of the characteristic features of the disease is inflammation cause due to activation of pro-inflammato
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Dec 08, 2016Open    AccessArticle

The Advantage of Asymmetrical Handedness in Cooperation with Heartbeat: A Hypothesis from the Chinese Member of Satellite Group

Zi-Jian Cai
Recently, it was published the book “Electromagnetic Unification of Four Forces” (ISBN 978-3-659-76798-2), compiling the progressions in physics manifested in television, made by the world people while led notably by the author and the members in the world satellite networks from India, Zhejiang and USA. Besides these significant achievements, it has also been made many activities and achievements on neural sciences. In this artic
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Jun 21, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Acupuncture Practices and Brain Waves

Mehmet Tugrul Cabioglu
Acupuncture is the most frequently used treatment method among the complementary medicine practices. Acupuncture practices mainly affect the somatic and autonomic nervous systems in the nervous system. It is important to understand the mechanism of action of acupuncture practices especially in the central nervous system. Electroencephalography (EEG) is one of the best techniques to explain the effects of acupuncture on the central
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Jun 08, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Principles Derived from Neurolinguistics of Brain for Design of Translation Machines

Zi-Jian Cai
Recently, it was extended by the author the declarative/procedural model to a new semantic/ syntactic/episodic model for language, extended to encompass the sentential meanings to the neural linguistic processes. In this article, it is applied this new semantic/syntactic/episodic model of brain to derive three feasible principles to direct machine translation respectively. First, it is necessary to establish the dictionary for tra
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