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Association of MHTFR Ala222Val (rs1801133) polymorphism and breast cancer susceptibility: An update meta-analysis based on 51 research studies

DOI: 10.1186/1746-1596-7-171

Keywords: Polymorphism, Breast cancer, MTFHR, Ala222Val, Meta-analysis

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Abstract:

A comprehensive search was conducted through researching MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, Chinese Biomedical Literature database (CBM) and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases before August 2012. Crude odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to estimate the strength of the association.A total of 51 studies including 20,907 cases and 23,905 controls were involved in this meta-analysis. Overall, significant associations were found between MTHFR Ala222Val polymorphism and BC risk when all studies pooled into the meta-analysis (Ala/Ala vs Val/Val: OR=0.870, 95%CI=0.789–0.958,P=0.005; Ala/Val vs Val/Val: OR=0.895, 95%CI=0.821–0.976, P=0.012; dominant model: OR=0.882, 95%CI=0.808–0.963, P=0.005; and recessive model: OR = 0.944, 95%CI=0.898–0.993, P=0.026; Ala allele vs Val allele: OR = 0.935, 95%CI=0.887–0.986, P=0.013). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, the same results were found in Asian populations, while no significant associations were found for all comparison models in other Ethnicity populations.In conclusion, our meta-analysis provides the evidence that MTHFR Ala222Val gene polymorphisms contributed to the breast cancer development.The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1966146911851976Breast cancer is the most common cancer and the main cause of cancer mortality in women. The etiology towards to this disease is poorly understood, some risk factors including familial history of the disease, age of menarche and of menopause, diet, reproductive history, high estrogen exposure as well as genetic factors may contribute to its development [1,2]. Studies suggest that the effect determined by low-penetrance genes, may provide a plausible explanation for BC susceptibility. Polymorphisms in genes are associated with a risk or protection against the disease. 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is one important genes located at 1p36.3 [

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