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Efeito da ginástica funcional sobre a press o arterial, frequência cardíaca e duplo produto em mulheres = Acute effects of functional gymnastic training on blood pressure, heart beat rate and heart beat-pressure product in females

Keywords: treinamento funcional , pressao arterial , frequencia cardiaca , hipotensao , saude , functional training , blood pressure , heart beat rate , hypotension , health

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Abstract:

Objetivo do estudo foi verificar efeitos do treinamento funcional sobre a pressao arterial sistolica (PAS) e diastolica (PAD), frequencia cardiaca (FC) e duplo produto (DP) de 24 mulheres inexperientes (25 } 5 anos; 53 } 6 kg; 164 } 5 cm; IMC = 23,09 } 2,64; 22,99 } 3,38% de Gordura). Realizou-se uma aula de treinamento funcional e uma sequencia controle. As variaveis foram observadas antes, logo apos, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 e 60 minutos apos o treinamento. A ANOVA observou diminuicoes significativas na PAS, apartir do vigesimo minuto ( ¢% = 8,00%, p = 0,001) e na PAD, iniciando no decimo minuto ( ¢% = 5,80%, p = 0,0002) em relacao ao repouso. No momento logo apos, a PAD obteve reducao no trigesimo ( ¢% = 5,85%, p = 0,0004) e quinquagesimo minuto ( ¢% = 4,14%, p = 0,006). Ocorreu um aumento na FC logo apos a sessao ( ¢% = 40,02%, p =0,0001) e reducoes a partir de 40 minutos apos ( ¢% = 7,95%, p = 0,01). O DP reduziu a partir de 20 minutos apos o exercicio ( ¢% = 13,5%, p = 0,0002). O treinamento funcional reduziu significantemente a PAS, PAD, FC e DP apos um treinamento em mulheres jovens. The effects of functional training sessions on systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure, heart beat rate (HR) and heart beat-pressure product (HPP) in 24 untrained women (25 } 5 years; 53 } 6 kg; 164 } 5 cm; 23.09 } 2.64 kg m-2; 22.99 } 3.38% body fat) were investigated. The subjects participated on a functional training class following by a control follow-up. Variables wereregistered prior to training exercise, and 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 minutes after training. Whereas ANOVA reported a significant decrease (p < 0.05) in SBP as from the twentieth minute ( ¢% = 8.00%, p = 0.001), decrease in DBP started at the tenth minute ( ¢% = 5.80%,p = 0.0002). Significant decreases were observed at the thirtieth ( ¢% = 5.85%, p = 0.0004) and fiftieth ( ¢% = 4.14%, p = 0.006) minute. HR increase was reported immediately after the test ( ¢% = 40.02%, p = 0.00) and presented significant decreases as from the fourth minute ( ¢% = 7.95%, p = 0.01). Decreases in HPP rates were observed at twenty minutes after the exercise ( ¢% = 13.5%, p = 0.0002). Data analysis show that functional training sessions triggered significant reductions on SBP, DBP, HR and HPP in young females.

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