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Effect of salt stress on nutrient concentration, photosynthetic pigments, proline and foliar morphology of Salvinia auriculata Aubl.

DOI: 10.1590/S2179-975X2011000200007

Keywords: floating aquatic macrophyte, salinization, cells, microscopy.

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Abstract:

aim: this study aimed to investigate the effects of naci and na2so4 salts on ca, ci, k, mg n, p, s and na content as well as on the content of photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll-a, chlorophyll-b and carotenoids), proline content and on the foliar morphology of salvinia auriculata aubl. methods: the plants were collected in jacu lagoon, located in the north of rio de janeiro state, and after a five-day-acclimation period, experiments were performed in the greenhouse with 0, 100, 200 mm concentrations of naci and na2so4 salts and the usual techniques for light and electron microscopy. results: after seven days of experiment, a decrease in the content of ca2+, k+, mg2+, p, n ions as well as in the content of photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll-a,b and carotenoids) in salvinia auriculata under saline treatments was observed. the proline content showed an upward tendency as compared to the control. under transmission electron microscopy, it was observed that, on the foliar limb, there was a membrane system disorder, mainly of chloroplasts, with higher presence of starch grains of plant cells subjected to salinity. under scanning electron microscope, the integrity of trichomes and foliar limb cells of salvinia auriculata subjected to the control treatment as well as the changes caused by salinization on the surface of cells were observed. conclusion: as for all the salinization effects evaluated, it was noticed that the increase in na2so4 salt concentration resulted in higher morphological and nutritional alterations in the floating aquatic macrophyte, salvinia auriculata.

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