OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721



匹配条件: “ Adeyemi Oluwole” ,找到相关结果约463条。
Impact of Monetary Policy on Economic Growth in Nigeria  [PDF]
Ajibola Ayodeji, Adeyemi Oluwole
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104320
The paper examined the impact of monetary policy on economic growth in Nigeria by developing a model that is able to investigate how monetary policy of the government has affected economic growth through the use of multi-variable regression analysis. We proxied the variables of monetary policy instruments to include: Money Supply (MS), Exchange Rate (ER), Interest Rate (IR), and Liquidity Ratio (LR). Economic growth was represented by Gross Domestic Product (income) at constant prices. Unit root test was conducted and all our estimating variables were stationary at first difference except the component of interest rate which shows that our model interpretation would not be spurious and a true representation of the relationships that exists between the explained and explanatory variables. Error Correction Model was introduced in our estimation in order to have a parsimonious model. From our result, two variables (money supply and exchange rate) had a positive but fairly insignificant impact on economic growth. Measures of interest rate and liquidity ratio on the other hand, had a negative but highly significant impact on economic growth which supports the assertion by Busari et al. (2002) that monetary policies are better suited when they are used in targeting inflation rather than in stimulating growth. In addition, Engle-Granger co-integration test was done and showed the existence of a long run relationship between monetary policy and economic growth in Nigeria. Finally, granger causality test was done on our variables and the results showed the existence of a uni-directional causality between money supply and economic growth, economic growth granger causing liquidity ratio and exchange rates while a bi-directional causality exists between interest and economic growth. We recommend that partial autonomy should be replaced with full autonomy for the central banks in Nigeria which is invariably subjected to government interference and its politics. Finally, monetary policies should be used to create a favorable investment climate by facilitating the emergency of market based interest rate and exchange rate regimes that attract both domestic and foreign investments.
National Health Insurance Scheme and its Effect on Staff's Financial Burden in A Nigerian Tertiary Health Facility
Tanimola Makanjuola AKANDE,Adekunle Ganiyu SALAUDEEN,Oluwole Adeyemi BABATUNDE,Kabir Adekunle DUROWADE
International Journal of Asian Social Science , 2012,
Abstract: Background: The core roles of National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in health financing include raising of revenue and pooling of resources for health care so that health risk can be effectively shared among enrollees. This study seeks to find out the effects of NHIS on hospital staffs’ financial burden and satisfaction with services rendered in a Nigerian Tertiary Health Centre. Methodology: This study was carried out in the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital Staff Clinic (UITH Staff Clinic). This is a cross-sectional descriptive study with a sample size of 210 derived using Fishers formula. Semi-structured, pre-tested, interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect data while the analysis was done using EPI INFO version 4.3.1. Systematic sampling technique was used to select respondents. Frequency tables and cross tabulations were generated. Chi-square and student t-test was used to determine statistical significance of observed differences in cross tabulated variables and comparison of two means respectively. Level of significance was predetermined at a p-value of less than or equal to 0.05. Result: The mean estimated amount spent on health service per month before NHIS was 3040.4+2552.8 Naira (19.0+15.95 US Dollars) and after NHIS it reduced to 782.2+637.4 Naira (4.89+3.98 US Dollars). Among the junior staff, 51 (77.3%) were satisfied with NHIS while only 15 (22.7%) were not satisfied, however among the senior staff, 75 (49.3%) were satisfied and 77 (50.7%) were not satisfied. The disadvantages of NHIS according to respondents include non-dispensing expensive drugs (60.9%), non-availability of NHIS forms (24.5%), poor attitude of health workers (10.4%) and inadequate coverage (4.2%). Conclusion: In order to achieve the Millennium envelopment Goal 1 which is to eradicate extreme poverty, NHIS is highly necessary to reduce financial burden of illnesses. It is therefore recommended that the NHIS should be stepped up to cover more Nigerians as a form of health care financing in the country. Abstract word count: 308.
Smoking Prevalence, Willingness to Quit and Factors Influencing Smoking Cessation among University Students in a Western Nigerian State
Oluwole Adeyemi Babatunde,Olumide Adebayo Omowaye,Damilola Adigun Alawode,Owen Omede
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n7p149
Abstract: Background: In order to increase the proportion of successful attempts to quit smoking, it is important to understand the characteristics of smokers who successfully quit smoking. This study seeks to find out the smoking prevalence, the level of willingness to quit and factors influencing smoking cessation among university students in a western Nigerian state.Methodology: This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out among young adults in tertiary institutions. A sample size of 300 was determined using Fishers formula while multi stage sampling technique was used to select respondents. The questionnaire was semi-structured, pretested and self administered. Analysis was done using Epi-Info version 3.4.1. Frequency tables and cross-tabulations were generated with a statistical significance p-value pre-determined at less than 0.05. Results: The number of respondents that ever smoked was 66 (22% of the total number of respondents) out of which 25 (38%) have ceased smoking while 41 (62%) currently smoke. Those willing to quit out of the 41 that currently smoke are 16 (39%) while 25 (61.0%) were not willing to quit. Of the respondents that ever smoked, the main location of smoking was parties/clubs (50%), while friends (53%) were found to be the main influence to smoke. Willingness to quit smoking was expressed by 16 (39.0%) of current smokers. Among respondents that ever smoked, 55(83.3%) attempted to quit out of which 41(74.5%) did as a result of health problems. Factors that positively affected smoking cessation were older age group of 26-30 (100%), belief that smoking can lead to premature death (47.1%) and never being asked to quit smoking (68.4%) with statistically significant p values. Conclusion: Influence of friends and going to parties/clubs are major factors contributing to smoking habit. Diagnosis of health problems play a major role in attempts to quit smoking while belief that smoking can lead to premature death is a major factor influencing smoking cessation. Being asked to quit smoking without a good understanding of the attendant health hazards does not contribute positively to successful smoking cessation. Peer education in schools emphasizing knowledge of the health implications of smoking as well as early diagnosis of smoking related health problems will go a long way in encouraging smoking cessation.
Two Year Trend Analysis of Default Rate in Tuberculosis Patients in Federal Medical Center, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
Oluwole Adeyemi BABATUNDE,Olusegun Elijah ELEGBEDE,Lawrence Majekodunmi AYODELE,Olujide John OJO
Journal of Asian Scientific Research , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Treatment default can foster emergence of drug resistant tuberculosis. This study was performed to analyze the trend of default and other treatment outcomes of patients with DOTS therapy in terms of relapse, failure and death. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out using records of all the 198 patients managed in the 2 year period (78 and 120 patients were reviewed in 2010 and 2011 respectively) at the Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) Clinic of the Federal Medical Center Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria in year 2010. Information obtained from the hospital was entered into the SPSS computer software. Frequency tables and cross tabulations were generated and a p-value of less than 0.05 was statistically significant for the study. Result: There is an increase in the number and percentage of tuberculosis patients that consented to HIV test and a lesser number of patients’ defaulted treatment in 2011 (19.2%) as against 30.8% of patients that defaulted in 2010. Of the documented factors that affected treatment outcomes of the tuberculosis patients seen in the two years, consent for HIV testing had an overall statistically significant positive outcome. HIV co-infection is the only factor showing statistical significance out of the four factors affecting mortality in this study. Conclusion: Default rate is high. There is need to carry out an intervention to further minimize default rates and improve HIV testing among tuberculosis patients so as to set a template for good treatment outcome.
Workers Willingness to Donate Human Biological Sample for Future Research in a South Western Nigerian Tertiary Health Center
Oluwole Adeyemi BABATUNDE,Olusegun Elijah ELEGBEDE,Lawrence Majekodunmi AYODELE,Joseph Olusesan FADARE
Journal of Asian Scientific Research , 2013,
Abstract: Introduction: Human biological material is recognized as an important tool in research, and the demand for collections that combine samples and data is increasing. The aim of this study was to assess health workers knowledge of bio-banks, willingness to donate human biological samples, as well as their willingness to give consent for future use of their donated biological samples in research. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study. The minimum sample size for this study was determined using the Fisher’s Formula. A sample size of 201 was derived and surveyed. . Proportional allocation of the sample sizes was done to the ten groups of staffs based on their population. Simple random sampling technique by balloting was used to select respondents in each group. The questionnaires were self-administered and the data generated were edited and validated manually for errors and entered into the computer for analysis using Epi-Info version 3.4.1. Results: Of all the respondents, 59.2%, 36% and 33.8% of respondents correctly identified Bio-banks’ capacity to store blood, semen and human tissues respectively. More than half of the respondents, 169 (54.3%), would give their consent for future use of their donated samples. 63.4% wanted the option of being able to withdraw their samples at any time while 59.2% stated that they would require a separate consent for each future use of donated samples. Conclusion: Health workers knowledge of bio-banks and willingness to donate human biologic sample was considerable despite its being a relatively new concept However most respondents expressed skepticism as regards willingness to give consent for future use of their donated biological samples in research. This study shows that this region is ready for research using Human Biological Samples provided more public enlightenment strategies are put in place.
Engineering Research for Self-Reliance-Modeling and Simulation Perspective  [PDF]
O. Oluwole
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2009.82010
Abstract: Engineering research is a sine-qua-non for development of new products, new production processes, hence production lines in the quest for self reliance in any economy. Modeling and simulation is a veritable tool for such research and development. This paper presents the multifaceted use of modeling and simulation as decision tools for engineering facet of an economy drawing examples from two different engineering disciplines- Metallurgical and Civil.
The Moral Value of Yorùbá Moonlight Tales  [PDF]
Timothy Adeyemi Akanbi
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2014.44040
Abstract: Considerable attention has been given to oral literature in Yorùbá language. Oral literature, as regards children lullaby, children rhymes and moonlight tales are not left out. However, most of the earlier writings on folktales are centred only on the compilation of these oral literatures. However, Isola (1995) and Akinyemi (2004) have made some attempts in explaining the educational significance of these oral literatures. While Isola (1995) looks at children lullaby and children rhymes in relation to the intellectual and social development of the African child, Akinyemi’s focus is on oral literature as it relates to the indigenous education for children. Our focus in this paper is on the moral value of this oral literature to both the youth and the adult. We also opine that moonlight tales, because of their moral values, should be included in the curriculum of both the primary and secondary schools. This paper, which is a deviation from the moonlight stories mentioned in Akinyemi (2004), does not look at the pranks of the tortoise but human beings. Lessons, which the stories pass across, are highlighted.
Credit Rating Modelled with Reflected Stochastic Differential Equations  [PDF]
Adeyemi Adewale Sonubi
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2014.45031
Abstract: This research paper is focused on the modelling of credit rating, using reduced form approach, in which intensity is defined endogenously based on the firm’s cashflow. It was modelled with reflected stochastic differential equation; this was adopted to evaluate the credit rating of a firm where the reflection function Ø(t) (i.e. Brownian local time) was used to detect default and measure time spent at default. Through this, the credit rating is estimated within [0,1]; where “0” is the state of default and “1” is interpreted as undefaultable within a time interval t≥[0, ∞) under consideration.
A Descriptive and Syntactic Analysis of Àhàn Pronouns  [PDF]
Timothy Adeyemi Akanbi
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2014.45057
Abstract: This paper examines pronouns in Àhàn, a language spoken in the Southwest Nigeria, specifically in Òmùò-Èkìtì, Ekiti East Local Government Area. In this language, the tone born by a pronoun is conditioned by the environment where it occurs. In other words, a first person pronoun subject can be a high, mid or a low tone. We also observe that in this language, pronoun can change its morphological form when it occurs in a particular syntactic environment as against the other. We shall also show, in the paper that pronouns in Àhàn inflect for tense.
Finite Element Modelling of Insulation Thicknesses for Cryogenic Products in Spherical Storage Pressure Vessels  [PDF]
Oludele Adeyefa, Oluleke Oluwole
Engineering (ENG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2012.46042
Abstract: This study investigates various insulation thicknesses requirements for double-walled spherical pressure vessels for the storage of cryogenic liquids. The inner tank is suspended from the outer tank by straps or cables and the annular space between the tanks is filled with insulation. The outer tank is not subjected to the freezing temperatures and is thus assumed to be a standard carbon steel sphere. In the Finite Element Analysis model of the system, one dimensional analysis was employed. This is due to the assumption that temperature gradient does only exist along the spherical radial direction. In the developed model, once the thickness of the inner shell has been determined based on relevant standards and codes—ASME Sec VIII Div 1 or 2, BS 5500 etc and the thickness of the outer shell is known; the required insulation material thicknesses were calculated for different insulating materials. Set of equations resulting from Finite Element Analysis were solved with computer programme code which was written in FORTRAN 90 programming language. The results obtained are validated by analytical method. The results showed no significant difference (P > 0.05) with values obtained through analytical method. The thicknesses for different insulating materials in-between inner and outer tank shells were compared. The results showed that as the insulating material thickness was increased, the heat flux into the stored product was decreasing and at a certain thickness; it started increasing. The insulating thickness at which this happens is termed as critical thickness of insulating material—the thickness of insulation at which the heat influx to the stored products is minimal; this would therefore reduce boil-off of the stored cryogenic product. High thermal conductivity insulating materials need to be thicker than lower thermal conductivity insulating materials if the system is conditioned to have the same heat flux into the stored product for all insulating materials. In the simulation, different insulating material gives different minimal heat influx into the stored products.

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