oalib

OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721

费用:99美元

投稿

时间不限

2018 ( 12 )

2017 ( 20 )

2016 ( 26 )

2015 ( 49 )

自定义范围…

匹配条件: “ Baba Maiyaki Musa” ,找到相关结果约1429条。
列表显示的所有文章,均可免费获取
第1页/共1429条
每页显示
Immunological profile in persons under antiretroviral therapy in a rural Nigerian hospital
Baba Maiyaki Musa,Usman Gebi,Mary-Ann Etiebet,Helen Omuh
Journal of Public Health in Africa , 2010, DOI: 10.4081/jphia.2010.e3
Abstract: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, with Nigeria having the third highest burden of HIV infection globally; efforts are made to increases access to HIV/AIDS care and treatment. This has currently reached rural areas with limited manpower and laboratory evaluation capacity. This review is necessitated by the paucity of interim report on treatment profile in Nigerian rural areas. We report on the immunological profile of patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Otukpo General Hospital, a rural Nigerian hospital. This is a retrospective cohort study of patients receiving ART treatment and care, on April 2009, when 2347 patients were under ART therapy. Out of these, 96 patients were selected by simple random sampling from hospital register, with their data abstracted from standardized Ministry of Health registers and facility documents kept at the hospital, and analyzed for descriptive and biometric measures. Ninty-six patients (29% males) with a median age of 35 years, median baseline CD4 lymphocyte count 221 cells/mL, median one year CD4 lymphocyte count of 356 cells/mL and median one year CD4 lymphocyte increment of 124 cells/mL were studied. There is no statistically significant difference in baseline CD4 lymphocyte count when data is disaggregated by type of drug regimen (AZT, D4T and TDF). Fourty-four percent, 23% and 33% of patients were on TDF, D4T & AZT based regimen, respectively (P=0.66). Increment of >100 cells/mL was seen in 64.58% of the reviewed patients. There was a higher CD4 lymphocyte count increment in patients on TDF & D4T compared with those in AZT based regimens (ANOVA; P<0.0003). Multivariate linear regression model showed one year CD4 lymphocyte count, one year increment in CD4 lymphocyte count, WBC count, and absolute neutrophil count to be significant correlates of baseline CD4 lymphocyte count (P<0.0001). Equally, multivariate logistic regression found age, platelet count and CD4 lymphocyte count at 12 months showed to be significant predictors of CD4 lymphocyte increment above 100 cells/μL (P<0.0001). Despite advanced disease presentation and a very large-scale program, high quality HIV/AIDS care was achieved as indicated by good short-term, immunologic outcomes, while TDF & D4T induce higher immunological recovery compared with AZT. This report suggests that quality HIV care and treatment can be effective despite the challenges of a resource-limited setting.
Topic: Echocardiographic Evaluation of Left Ventricular Systolic and Diastolic Function in Nigerians with Sickle Cell Disease  [PDF]
Hadiza Saidu, Abdulwahab Kabir, Jamila A. Yau, Ahmad M. Yakasai, Umar Abdullahi, Aisha M. Nalado, Baba Maiyaki Musa
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104527
Abstract:
Introduction: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is chronic, inherited haemoglobin disorder, associated with chronic tissue ischemia which may adversely affect any organ system. Chronic anaemia in SCD results in cardiac chamber dilatation with compensatory increase in left ventricular mass and varying degree of diastolic dysfunction that has been a strong independent predictor of mortality in patients with SCD. There is paucity of echocardiographic studies on adults Nigerians with SCD. This study therefore, aimed to assess left ventricular systolic and diastolic function among sickle cell disease patients in Kano State, North-Western Nigeria. Methods: The study was cross-sectional and comparative conducted at the SCD clinic and Medical/outpatient (MOP) clinic of Murtala Muhammad Specialist Hospital (MMSH), on eligible patients aged 13 years and above. One hundred patients with SCD (HbSS) were recruited as the study group while 100 non SCD (HbAA) patients, matched for age and sex served as controls. Left and right atrial and ventricular dimensions, left ventricular (LV) wall thickness, LV mass index and LV contractility variables were obtained. Parameters of LV diastolic function were also evaluated. Results: There were increases in the left atrial and left ventricular dimensions, left ventricular volumes and left ventricular mass (LVM) of the SCD patients. LV ejection fraction was equivalent, though there was evidence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in up to 36%. Conclusion: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction may complicate cases adults with SCD.
Towards Effective Infrastructure Development in Nigeria: Theoretical Considerations from a Project Management Perspective  [PDF]
Ikechukwu A. Diugwu, Musa Mohammed, Dorothy L. Baba
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.54019
Abstract: A link exists between the level of investment in infrastructure and economic growth. However, it has been shown that in spite of huge amounts earmarked for infrastructural projects, the desired outcome/benefits are not attained in many cases. This has been attributed to poor adherence to project management principles in the conception, design, and execution of these projects. This paper highlights poor project conception and definition, poor budget and stakeholder management, as well as inadequate monitoring and evaluation as major causes of these failures. This can be minimized through the integration of good project management principles in the planning, design and execution of projects, supported by a robust monitoring and evaluation procedure.
Pattern, Precipitants and Short Term Outcome of Heart Failure Patients Managed at Federal Medical Centre Nguru, a Tertiary Health Centre in Yobe State Northeastern Nigeria  [PDF]
Musa Mohammed Baba, Faruk Buba, Mohammed Abdullahi Talle, Habu Abdul
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2018.95037
Abstract: Heart Failure (HF) is a syndrome characterized by typical symptoms (e.g. breathlessness, ankle swelling and fatigue) that may be accompanied by signs (e.g. elevated jugular venous pressure, pulmonary crackles and peripheral oedema) caused by a structural and/or functional cardiac abnormality, resulting in a reduced cardiac output and/or elevated intracardiac pressures at rest or during stress. Clinical studies investigating the aetiological patterns of heart failure in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) revealed that hypertension, cardiomyopathy and rheumatic heart disease account for more than two-thirds of cardiac disease cases. The objective of this study therefore is to assess the pattern, precipitating factors and short term outcome of heart failure among patients admitted into our hospital. Method: The study was a prospective cross-sectional type conducted among in patients with heart failure in the medical ward of the hospital. Results: A total of three and fifty four (354) subjects were recruited into the study, comprising one hundred and twenty nine males (36.4%) and two hundred and twenty five (63.4%) females. Majority of the patients were admitted in NYHA functional class IV. This however improved to class II at discharge though few were discharged in NYHA class III. Heart failure secondary to progressive hypertensive heart disease was the most common (39.0%) followed by peripartum cardiomyopathy (22.6%) while idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (11.0%) and rheumatic heart disease (7.3%) were the third and fourth causes of heart failure respectively. The most common precipitating factor for heart failure in this study was chest infection (44.9%). In conclusion, the study revealed that progressive hypertensive heart disease was the leading cause of heart failure, followed by peripartum cardiomyopathy while idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and rheumatic heart disease were ranked third and fourth causes of heart failure respectively. Though myocardial infarction is on the increase, it was found to be the fifth cause of heart failure. The study also identified the following precipitants of heart failure in decreasing order of occurrence: chest infection, non-adherence to prescription, and urinary tract infection.
MECHANICAL AND RELEASE PROPERTIES OF VERNONIA GALAMENSIS TABLET FORMULATIONS PREPARED USING GELATIN AS BINDER
Autamashih Musa,Isah Adamu Baba,Allagh Teriyila Susan,Ibrahim Musa Andrew
International Research Journal of Pharmacy , 2011,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to formulate the crude aqueous leaf extract of Vernonia galamensis (used in folk medicine for the treatment of diabetes mellitus) into conventional tablets using three selected efflorescent diluents namely Aerosil 200, Avicel PH 101 and calcium phosphate, due to the deliquescent nature of the extract. Attempted use of ordinary diluents for the tablet formulation had resulted to tablets defects. The crushing strength, friability, disintegration and dissolution times of tablets were determined using the methods specified in BP 2007. The rank order of crushing strength - friability, disintegration time ratio (CSFR:DT) and dissolution rate values using gelatin as binder in terms of the three efflorescent diluents used was; calcium phosphate > Avicel PH 101 > Aerosil 200. Results indicate that good quality tablets of the deliquescent crude extract of Vernonia galamensis could be produced using the three selected efflorescent diluents with gelatin as binder but tablets produced using calcium phosphate as diluent were of best quality.
Seroprevalence of and Risk Factors for Cytomegalovirus among HIV-Infected Patients at University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Nigeria  [PDF]
Ibrahim Musa Kida, Ballah Akawu Denue, Bukar Bakki, Baba Goni Waru, Mohammed Abdullahi Talle, Ibrahim Ummate, Salisu Aliyu Kwayabura, Ibrahim Shettima Kuburi, Haruna Yusuph
Open Journal of Immunology (OJI) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oji.2014.42008
Abstract:

Although the distribution of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection has a wide regional variation, it is more common in Africa and Asia with high prevalence approaching 100% in some communities. CMV is a frequent opportunistic infection and major cause of morbidity and mortality among HIV patients with severe immunosuppression. It can be contracted from body fluid, including saliva, urine, blood, cervical secretions, and semen. CMV seropositivity is considered the best laboratory measure of past infection. We determined the prevalence of CMV and the risk factors associated with its acquisition in a population of HIV positive patients. Anti-CMV IgG seroprevalence was 100% among HIV infected subjects and 98.6% among controls. Having multiple sexual partners and traditional practices were identified as risk factors associated with risk of contracting CMV infection.

Suicidal Ideation among Depressed People Living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria, West Africa  [PDF]
Rasaki O. Shittu, Moradeyo K. Alabi, Louis O. Odeigah, Musa A. Sanni, Baba A. Issa, Abdulganiyu T. Olanrewaju, Abdullateef G. Sule, Sunday A. Aderibigbe
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2014.33027
Abstract: Objective: Transient suicide thoughts are common to some people throughout the course of HIV disease and often do not indicate significant risk of suicide. However, persistent suicidal thoughts with associated feelings of hopelessness and intent to die are very serious and must be assessed promptly and carefully. The aim of this study, therefore, was to examine the relationship between depression, hopelessness, psychosocial stressors and suicidal ideation in PLWHAs. Methods: This was a hospital based, cross sectional, descriptive study, of one hundred and seventy depressed adult HIV/AIDS patients of Kwara State Specialist Hospital, Ilorin. Depression and suicidal assessment were evaluated using the PHQ-9 scale. A score of >9 or any affirmative response to question 9 of the PHQ-9 scale necessitated suicidal risk assessment. The social determinant questionnaire was used to evaluate social cohesion and negative life events. Results: The prevalence of depression among the HIV/AID patient was 56.7%. Twenty nine (17.1%) were hopeless, twenty eight (16.5%) had at one time or the other thought of taking their lives, six (3.5%) had plan to take their lives. There was strong statistical association between depression, hopelessness (p-value = 0.000) thought of taking life (p-value = 0.000) and plan to take their lives (p-value = 0.030). Conclusion: The significant correlations between hopelessness, depression and suicidal ideation are important markers that should alert clinicians to underlying suicide risk in HIV-positive patients. In addition, low social cohesion and stressful life events were found to be risk factors for depression and suicide. Clinicians should routinely enquire about suicidality in PLWHAs to assist early diagnosis and intervention.
Factors Determining Bank’s Selection and Preference in Nigerian Retail Banking
Ahmed Audu Maiyaki
International Journal of Business and Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n1p253
Abstract: The study investigates the relative importance of the factors determining the selection and preference of banks by retail customers. Using multi-stage sampling procedure, a total of 417 retail bank customers were selected and subsequently participated in the survey. The mean, standard deviation, Z-scores and weighted scores were computed using both SPSS software and Microsoft office excel. It was found that some factors highly influence the customers’ choice of banks. Similarly, it was also revealed that customers show high preference for some banks as against others. Managerial implications were discussed and finally, recommendations were proffered.
Influence of Service Quality, Corporate Image and Perceived Value on Customer Behavioral Responses: CFA and Measurement Model
Ahmed Audu Maiyaki
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The paper aims at validating the instrument of the study by conducting Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and the measurement model and also the overall goodness of model fit indices. Similarly, the measurement model of both the combined exogenous and endogenous variables was performed in order to assess the psychometric properties of the measures in the study. Structural Equation Modeling with AMOS software was employed in the analysis. It was found that the measurement model fitted the data after checking modification indices and deleting items that have weak loadings and/or high correlation errors. It was therefore, concluded that the model fit the empirical data and is set for conducting construct validity and subsequently structural model.
The Practicability of Activity-Based Costing (ABC) in the Nigerian Retail Banks
Ahmed Audu Maiyaki
Business Intelligence Journal , 2011,
Abstract: The rapid growth and development of information and communication technology leads to a keen competition in the business environment globally. This compels businesses to discover more efficient ways of doing business. The shortcomings of traditional costing method led to the emergence of Activity - Based Costing. This study assesses the practicability of implementing ABC in First Inland Bank Plc of which three branches using non-probability method were selected as the sample size. The study revealed that ABC can be implemented as an effective costing method in the bank, but presently the bank does not practice the system. It was recommended that accounting professional bodies should educate management staff of banks about the importance of the new accounting system.
第1页/共1429条
每页显示


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.