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The p.q.-Baer Property of Skew Group Rings under Finite Group Action*  [PDF]
Bo Li, Hailan Jin
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2013.38089
Abstract:

In this paper, Let R is a ring, G be a finite group of ring automorphisms of R. R*G denote the skew group ring of R under G. We investigate the right p.q.-Baer property of skew group rings under finite group action, Assume that R is a semiprime ring with a finite group G of X-outer ring automorphisms of R, then 1) R*G is p.q.-Baer if and only if R is G-p.q.-Baer; 2) if R is p.q.-Baer, then R*G is p.q.-Baer.

Scatter-Hoarding Rodents Prefer Slightly Astringent Food
Bo Wang, Jin Chen
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0026424
Abstract: The mutualistic interaction between scatter-hoarding rodents and their seed plants is highly complex yet poorly understood. Plants may benefit from the seed dispersal behavior of rodents, as long as seed consumption is minimized. In parallel, rodents may maximize foraging efficiency and cache high-quality resources for future consumption. Defensive compounds, such as tannins, are thought to be a major mechanism for plant control over rodent behavior. However, previous studies, using naturally occurring seeds, have not provided conclusive evidence supporting this hypothesis. Here, we test the importance of tannin concentrations on the scatter-hoarding behavior of rodents by using an artificial seed system. We combined feeding trials and field observations to examine the overall impact of seed tannin concentrations on rodent behavior and health. We found that rodents favored seeds with an intermediate amount of tannin (~5%) in the field. Meanwhile, in rodents that were fed a diet with different tannin content, only diets with high tannin content (25%, 15%, and 10%) caused a significant negative influence on rodent survival and health. Significant differences were not found among treatments with tannin levels of 0–5%. In contrast to many existing studies, our results clearly demonstrate that scatter-hoarding rodents prefer slightly ‘astringent’ food. In the co-evolutionary arms race between plants and animals, our results suggest that while tannins may play a significant role in reducing general predation levels by the faunal community, they have no precise control over the behavior of their mutualistic partner. Instead, the two partners appear to have reached an evolutionary point where both parties receive adequate benefits, with the year-to-year outcome being dependent on a wide range of factors beyond the control of either partner.
Effects of Fat and Protein Levels on Foraging Preferences of Tannin in Scatter-Hoarding Rodents
Bo Wang, Jin Chen
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040640
Abstract: Both as consumers and dispersers of seeds, scatter-hoarding rodents often play an important role in the reproductive ecology of many plant species. However, the seeds of many plant species contain tannins, which are a diverse group of water-soluble phenolic compounds that have a high affinity for proteins. The amount of tannins in seeds is expected to affect rodent foraging preferences because of their major impact on rodent physiology and survival. However, variable results have been obtained in studies that evaluated the effects of tannin on rodent foraging behavior. Hence, in this study, we aimed to explain these inconsistent results and proposed that a combination of seed traits might be important in rodent foraging behavior, because it is difficult to distinguish between the effects of individual traits on rodent foraging behavior and the interactions among them. By using a novel artificial seed system, we manipulated seed tannin and fat/protein levels to examine directly the univariate effects of each component on the seed preferences of free-ranging forest rats (Apodemus latronum and Apodemus chevrieri) during the behavioral process of scatter hoarding. Our results showed that both tannin and fat/protein had significant effects on rodent foraging behavior. Although only a few interactive effects of tannin and fat/protein were recorded, higher concentrations of both fat and protein could attenuate the exclusion of seeds with higher tannin concentrations by rodents, thus influencing seed fate. Furthermore, aside from the concentrations of tannin, fat, and protein, numerous other traits of plant seeds may also influence rodent foraging behavior. We suggest that by clarifying rodent foraging preferences, a better understanding of the evolution of plant seed traits may be obtained because of their strong potential for selective pressure.
Varied behavioral responses induced by morphine in the tree shrew: a possible model for human opiate addiction
Shu bo Jin,Nan Sui
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience , 2014, DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00333
Abstract: Tree shrews represent a suitable animal model to study the pathogenesis of human diseases as they are phylogenetically close to primates and have a well-developed central nervous system that possesses many homologies with primates. Therefore, in our study, we investigated whether tree shrews can be used to explore the addictive behaviors induced by morphine. Firstly, to investigate the psychoactive effect of morphine on tree shrews’ behavior, the number of jumping and shuttling, which represent the vertical and horizontal locomotor activity respectively, was examined following the injection of different dosage of morphine. Our results showed intramuscular (IM) injection of morphine (5 or 10 mg/kg) significantly increased the locomotor activity of tree shrews 30-60 min post-injection. Then, using the conditioned place preference/aversion (CPP/CPA) paradigm, we found morphine-conditioned tree shrews exhibited place preference in the morphine-paired chamber on the test day. In addition, naloxone-precipitated withdrawal induced place aversion in the chronic morphine-dependent tree shrews. We evaluated the craving for morphine drinking by assessing the break point that reflects the maximum effort animals will expend to get the drug. Our data showed the break point was significantly increased when compared to the baseline on the 1st, 7th and 14th day after the abstinence. Moreover, in the intravenous morphine self-administration experiment, tree shrews conditioned with morphine responded on the active lever significantly more frequently than on the inactive lever after training. These results suggest that tree shrew may be a potential candidate for study the addictive behaviors and the underling neurological mechanisms.
Policy Based Self-Adaptive Scheme in Pervasive Computing  [PDF]
Jian Quan OUYANG, Dian Xi SHI, Bo DING, Jin FENG, Huai Min WANG
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/wsn.2009.11008
Abstract: Nowadays, application systems in pervasive computing have to be self-adaptive, which means adapting themselves to dynamic environments. Our aim is to enable systematic development of self-adaptive compo-nent-based applications. The paper first introduces a novel policy based framework for self-adaptive scheme in pervasive computing. Then the proposed policy ontology and policy language are well expressive and eas-ily extensible to support the design of policy which is based on the Separation of Concerns principle. Fur-thermore, the context-driven event channel decouples the communication between the suppliers and con-sumers for asynchronous communication. The proposed framework can provide both a domain-independent and a flexible self-adaptation solution.
Stability Enhancement in HVDC System with STATCOM  [PDF]
Chan-Ki Kim, Jin-Young Kim, Sung-Doo Lee, Eung-Bo Sim
Engineering (ENG) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2011.311133
Abstract: This paper deals with the stability problem at the inverter end of a HVDC link with STATCOM (Static Compensator), when connected to a weak AC system which has the stability enhancement for power instability and commutation failures. The HVDC stability problem is tackled with a STATCOM which not only provides a rapid recovery from power, harmonic stability and commutation failures but also offers a lower cost filter design for the HVDC system. PSCAD/EMTDC simulations are presented to demonstrate the robust performance and to validate the proposed topology.
Molecular cloning and functional characterization of a DREB1/CBF-like gene (GhDREB1L) from cotton
Bo Huang,LongGuo Jin,JinYuan Liu
Science China Life Sciences , 2007, DOI: 10.1007/s11427-007-0010-8
Abstract: The transcription factors DREB1s/CBFs play important roles in the regulation of plant resistance to environmental stresses and are quite useful for generating transgenic plants tolerant to these stresses. In the present work, a cDNA encoding DREB1/CBF-like protein (GhDREB1L) from cotton was isolated, and its sequence features, DNA binding preference, and expression patterns of the transcripts were also characterized. GhDREB1L contained one conserved AP2/ERF domain and its amino acid sequence was similar to the DREB1/CBF group of the DREB family from other plants. The DNA-binding domain of GhDREB1L was successfully expressed as a fusion protein in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) and purified by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay revealed that the purified GhDREB1L fusion protein had a specific binding activity with the previously characterized DRE element (core sequence, ACCGAC) and also with the DRE-like sequence (core sequence, GCCGAC) in the promoter of the dehydration-responsive late embryogenesis-abundant gene LEA D113. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR showed that GhDREB1L was induced in the cotton cotyledons by low temperature, as well as drought and NaCl treatments. These results suggested that the novel cotton GhDREB1L might play an important role in response to low temperature as well as drought and high salinity through binding to the DRE cis-element.
Improved eavesdropping detection strategy based on four-particle cluster state in quantum direct communication protocol
Jian Li,HaiFei Jin,Bo Jing
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-012-5516-1
Abstract: In order to improve the eavesdropping detection efficiency in a two-step quantum direct communication protocol, an improved eavesdropping detection strategy using the four-particle cluster state is proposed, in which the four-particle cluster state is used to detect eavesdroppers. During the security analysis, the method of the entropy theory is introduced, and two detection strategies are compared quantitatively using the constraint between the information that the eavesdropper can obtain and the interference that has been introduced. If the eavesdroppers intend to obtain all information, the eavesdropping detection rate of the original two-step quantum direct communication protocol using EPR pair block as detection particles will be 50%; while the proposed strategy’s detection rate will be 75%. In the end, the security of the proposed protocol is discussed. The analysis results show that the eavesdropping detection strategy presented is more secure.
A Speech Enhancement Method Based on Kalman Filtering
Chaogang Wu,Bo Li,Jin Zheng
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies , 2011, DOI: 10.5815/ijwmt.2011.02.08
Abstract: The enhancement of speech degraded by non-stationary interferers is a highly relevant and difficult task for many signal processing applications. In this study, we present a monaural speech enhancement method based on spectral subtraction and Kalman filtering (KF) by extracting the Liljencrants–Fant (LF) excitation during voiced speech, in which the nature of glottal flow can be maintained. Therefore, the approach could preserve the glottal pulse's nature characteristic in Kalman filtering and thus achieve significant improvements on objective quality. The quality of the enhanced speech has been evaluated by perceptual evaluation of speech quality (PESQ) score. The results indicate that the proposed algorithm could improve the output speech quality compared with the conventional KF algorithm and sub-band spectral subtraction.
A Case Report of Congenital Bronchobiliary Fistula in Adults
Qingwei TAN,Bo ZHENG,Jin WANG
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer , 2010,
Abstract:
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