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OALib Journal期刊

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Influence of Agro Ecology on Rice Varietal Resistance to Sitophilus oryzae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and Sitotroga cerealella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in Benin  [PDF]
Carline Santos, Clement Agbangla, Daniel Chougourou, Antoine Abel Missihoun, Corneille Ahanhanzo
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.618280
Abstract: The rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae (L.) and the Angoumois grain moth, Sitotroga cerealella (Oliv.), are serious pests of stored rice in Africa. This study aims to evaluate the influence of growing environments to rice resistance to these pests. Thus, eleven rice varieties including 6 upland NERICA, 2 Oryza glaberrima and 3 O. sativa were grown at four agro ecological zones of Benin. After harvest, samples of 1500 grains of each genotype were infested with 20 adults of S. oryzae (10 males and 10 females) and 1500 additional ones were infested with 50 eggs of S. cerealella. Results showed significant effect of agro ecological zones on pest incidence and on varietal resistance as well. O. glaberrima varieties (TOG 5681 and CG 14) were the most resistant in each location whereas the resistance of NERICA and Sativa varieties varied from tolerant to susceptible according to the growing ecology. This result highlights the impact of growing environment on rice resistance status and will provide the best advice to farmers on how to choose best genetic material according to cropping ecology.
Submergence Tolerance in Irrigated and Rainfed Lowland Rice Varieties: Agro-Morphological Basis for Rice Genetic Improvement in Southern Benin  [PDF]
Magloire Oteyami, Espérance Codjia, Clement Agbangla, Leonard Ahoton, Carline Santos, David Montcho, Antoine Missihoun
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104304
Abstract:
Objective: The study was carried out, on the rice perimeter of Southern Benin, to evaluate the response of irrigated and lowland rice varieties to the complete and partial submergence using agro-morphological traits. Method: Thus, 15 rice varieties were submerged in the field during 60 days according to split plot experimental design with two factors and three replications. Agro-morphological parameters such as plant height, number of tillers, the distance of internodes and the number of internodes were measured respectively at 13 days and 45 days. After harvest, some traits such as length, width and thickness of grains, panicle length, number of primary and secondary branches, the average number of empty grains and full grains per panicle and 1000-grain weight were recorded. Results: Very highly significant (P ≤ 0.0001) differences were identified between agro morphological parameters according to the type of submergence while the factor type of immersion has significant influence on the number of internodes at 45 days after transplanting (P ≤ 0.01). The submergence was not significant effect on tillering and length of internodes. Conclusion: The plant height, the weight of thousand grains and the average number of empty grains per panicle constitute key aspects and have been essential for evaluating tolerance to submergence in Benin.
Ito’s Formula for the Discrete-Time Quantum Walk in Two Dimensions  [PDF]
Clement Ampadu
Journal of Quantum Information Science (JQIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jqis.2012.22008
Abstract: Following Konno [1], it is natural to ask: What is the Ito’s formula for the discrete time quantum walk on a graph different than Z, the set of integers? In this paper we answer the question for the discrete time quantum walk on Z2, the square lattice.
On Some Questions of C. Ampadu Associated with the Quantum Random Walk  [PDF]
Clement Ampadu
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.519291
Abstract: We review (not exhaustively) the quantum random walk on the line in various settings, and propose some questions that we believe have not been tackled in the literature. In a sense, this article invites the readers (beginner, intermediate, or advanced), to explore the beautiful area of quantum random walks.
Metaphoric Topicality in Femi Osofisan’s Drama  [PDF]
Clement O. Ajidahun
Advances in Literary Study (ALS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/als.2013.11001
Abstract: This paper examines the functional and the significant role of metaphors in literary works. It discusses the centrality of metaphors as a dominant literary device consciously deployed by Femi Osofisan to project the theme of oppression, dehumanization, social injustice and poverty in his plays. The paper focuses on the use of animal and predatory metaphors in Osofisan’s plays to launch an offensive literary attack on the rich and the ruling elite in the society who use their privileged positions to brazenly oppress and brutalize the poor and the downtrodden. The paper, on the other hand, examines the appropriate use of animal metaphors to enlighten and educate the poor on their precarious condition as preys in the hands of the carnivorous ruling class. Finally, the paper discusses the settings and the titles of Osofisan’s plays, the quest motif and the traditional modes as metaphors for oppression.
Bible Interpretation, Evangelization and Faith: Nigerian Context  [PDF]
Clement I. Osunwokeh
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2014.42026
Abstract:

In Christianity evangelization entails bringing the Good News of Jesus Christ into all the strata of humanity from within and making it new. Evangelization efforts in Nigeria have been going on for more than a century. Indeed it has made a noticeable inroad of growth. The evidence is seen. Thunderous sounds are heard from all corners of villages and cities, of Christian church activities; series of strategies are explored by multitude of Christian denominations aimed at “packaging and selling out” one’s denomination to attract more adherents; imposing and well architectural-designed structures of Christian places of worship are seen in many cities. Yet in the same society, all forms of atrocities and abominations of man’s inhumanity to man, lack of basic Christian virtues of honesty, justice, and respect for sacredness of human life are witnessed. In the light of the foregoing, this paper seeks both to presume the general shallowness of Christian faith in Nigeria and to blame it to flaw in the understanding of the Bible as a Christian text. It critically analyzes the three Christian concepts: Bible interpretation, evangelization and faith, exposing their interrelatedness and the challenges posed by such reality to an authentic Christian living.

Household Perceptions, Treatment-Seeking Behaviors and Health Outcomes for Buruli Ulcer Disease in a Peri-Urban District in Ghana  [PDF]
Adobea Yaa Owusu, Clement Adamba
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2012.23024
Abstract: Buruli ulcer (BU) has been associated with very unimaginable outcomes. It is flesh eating, disfiguring and economically dehydrating. Yet the disease is still mostly shrouded in mystery. Consequently, people have different perceptions about it and hence adopt different treatment behaviorss towards it; notwithstanding the free treatment for it. The purpose of this paper is to identify and examine respondents’ perceptions and the influence these have on their health seeking behaviorss. Eighty-six BU patients who had been treated or were being treated of BU in the Ga West District Health Center in Ghana were sampled for this study. A structured questionnaire and a qualitative in-depth interview guide were used to elicit the data. Some of the interviewees held the belief that the disease is caused by their adversaries, including witches. More than half of the respondents, however, did not have any idea about the disease and thought it is just the work of God. The first point of call for health care for most of the patients studied was herbalists or else they used herbs. Nearly a quarter of them also engaged in self medication, including the use of ‘pain killers’ and ointments, since they took the first signs for ordinary boils. Perceptions of the cause of the disease influenced health seeking behaviors, which further influenced treatment outcomes. A lot of education is needed on the symptoms of the disease, including encouraging early seeking of care at the District Health Center.
Differences in Acute Phase Reactants between Gout and Pseudogout  [PDF]
Clement E. Tagoe, Yasmin Raza
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2013.412A2003
Abstract:

Objectives: To define clinical differences in the acute phase response and serum acute phase reactants between gout, pseudogout and crystal-induced arthritis in the presence of non-articular infections (CAI). Patients and Methods: Eleven patients with definite gout, 12 patients with pseudogout and 5 patients with CIA were included in the study. Results: The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was significantly different between gout (68.2 ± 49.9 mm/Hr) and CIA (113.8 ± 37.2 mm/Hr) but not between gout and pseudogout (83.9 ± 45.6 mm/Hr) or between pseudogout and CIA. The C-reactive protein (CRP) was significantly increased between gout (10.1 ± 7.9 mg/dL) and pseudogout (18.9 ± 9.8 mg/dL), gout and CIA (36.5 ± 12.4 mg/dL) as well as between pseudogout and CIA. The peripheral white cell count was significantly different between gout (9.27 ± 3.7 k/μL) and CIA (16.5 ± 6.8 k/μL), and between pseudogout (8.9 ± 3.2 k/μL) and CIA. Conclusions: Measurement of ESR and CRP are helpful in crystal-induced arthritis. The CRP has more discriminating utility than the ESR in distinguishing between gout, pseudogout and CIA. Peripheral wbc is most useful for differentiating crystal-induced arthritis from CIA.

Estimation of parameters for crossbreedings between us brown swiss and bavarian braunvieh cattle
A Clement
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1978, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-10-1-152a
Abstract:
A Neural Network Relation Of Gps Results With Continental Hydrology
Clement Ogaja
Artificial Satellites , 2006, DOI: 10.2478/v10018-007-0003-7
Abstract: This paper presents the application of a neural network methodology to historical time series of GPS data from the IGS (International GPS Service) network, based on terrestrial water storage information. Hydrology signals at the GPS sites are important for including water loading corrections in GPS data processing. However, it is quite common that a correct global water storage model may not be available for this purpose, due to lack of science data. It is therefore mostly assumed that water mass redistribution is one of the potential contributors to the seasonal variations in GPS station position results, particularly, in the vertical direction. Presently, the IERS Special Bureau for Hydrology (SBH) has archived continental water storage data from some of the latest model developments. Examples include the monthly (GRACE, NOAA CPC, NCEP/NCAR CDAS-1) and daily (NCEP/NCAR and ECMWF reanalyses) solutions. It is valuable to study the relationship between these solutions and long-term geodetic results, especially as the water storage models continue to be refined. Using neural networks offers an effective approach to correlate the non-linear input of hydrology signals and output of geodetic results by recognizing the historic patterns between them. In this study, a neural network model is developed to enable the prediction of GPS height residuals based on the input of NOAA CPC hydrology data. The model is applied to eight GPS sites with satisfactory results.
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