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Heat and Mass Transfer Over a Vertical Plate with Periodic Suction and Heat Sink
K.K. Asogwa,I.J. Uwanta,A.A. Momoh,E. Omokhuale
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2013,
Abstract: The aim of this study is to determine heat and mass transfer over a vertical plate in the presence of periodic suction and heat sink. The dimensionless governing equations are solved using perturbation technique. The velocity, temperature and concentration profiles are studied for different physical parameters like Suction parameter s, Heat sink F, thermal Grashof number Gr, mass Grashof number Gc, chemical reaction parameter K, Prandtl number Pr and Schmidt number Sc. It is observed that the velocity increases with increase in F and s. It is also observed that temperature increases with increasing F, Pr but s decreases with rise in temperature. While concentration increases with increasing Sc and K. the aim of the study is to determine the rate of heat and mass transfer of the system.
Cluster Model of Formation of Subnuclear and Subatomic Objects  [PDF]
E. E. Lin
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2014.53018
Abstract:

The paper describes the development results on one-dimensional (1D) asymptotic model of the formation kinetics for the objects (clusters) of subnuclear (quark) and subatomic (nuclear) matters. A concept of the objects distribution density wave φ(a, t) in space of sizes a lies in the basis for analytical description of the processes under consideration. The proposed formalism makes it possible to describe in an adequate way the final outcomes of the well-known catastrophic phenomena in the world of elementary particles. Mass characteristics of different processes of approach to equilibrium in nuclear reactions are calculated.

ЕЛЕКТРОХ М ЧНИЙ СИНТЕЗ Д ОКСИДУ МАНГАНУ В ПРИСУТНОСТ ОН В Fe2+ ТА Co2+ Electrochemical synthesis of manganese dioxide in the presence of ions Fe2+ and Co2+ Электрохимический синтез диоксида марганца в присутствии ионов Fe2+ и Co2+
Г.В. Сокольський,Н.Д. ?ванова,С.В. ?ванов,E.?. Болдир?в
Proceedings of National Aviation University , 2009,
Abstract: Зразки д оксиду мангану отримано методом анодного осадження з фторвм сних електрол т в на основ сульфату мангану у присутност дом шок он в двовалентних зал за або кобальту. Отриман продукти характеризувалися методами ААС та ДТА. Проанал зовано вплив дом шок он в зал за кобальту на х м чний склад отриманих зразк в Manganese dioxide samples have been prepared by the anode deposition from fluoride containing electrolytes based on manganese sulphate at the presence of additives of iron(II), cobalt(II) ions. Obtained materials were characterised with AAS and DTA. The influence of doping by ions of iron(II) and cobalt(II) on the chemical composition of the samples obtained has been analysed. Образцы диоксида марганца получены методом анодного осаждения из фторсодержащих электролитов на основе сульфата марганца в присутствии примесей ионов двухвалентных железа или кобальта. Полученные продукты характеризовались методами ААС и ДТА. Проанализировано влияние примесей ионов железа и кобальта на химический состав полученных образцов.
Numerical Investigations of a New N-body Simulation Method  [PDF]
E. Vilkoviskij
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2012.23016
Abstract: Numerical investigation of a new similarity method (the Aldar-Kose method) for N-body simulations is described. Using this method we have carried out numerical simulations for two tasks: 1) calculation of the temporal behavior of different physical parameters of active galactic nuclei (AGN) containing a super massive black hole (SMBH), an accretion disk, and a compact stellar cluster; 2) calculation of the stellar capture rate to the central SMBH without accretion disk. The calculations show good perspectives for applications of the similarity method to optimize the evolution model calculations of large stellar systems and of AGN.
Studies on TiO2/Reduced Graphene Oxide Composites as Cathode Materials for Magnesium-Ion Battery  [PDF]
E. Sheha
Graphene (Graphene) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/graphene.2014.33006
Abstract:

The aim of this work is to introduce a high performance cathode for magnesium-ion batteries. TiO2/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composites were mixed in ball mill. The samples are charac- terized using XRD and SEM. The spex-milled composites exhibit better electrochemical perfor- mance with higher reversible capacity and excellent cyclability. The excellent electrochemical performance of TiO2/rGO composites is due to their unique structures, which intimately combine the conductive graphene nanosheets network with TiO2 nanoparticles and possess the characteristic parallel channels running along the [010] orientation, which allow easy Mg2+ transport. It was found that layered TiO2 and rGO nanosheets in the composite interlace with each other to form novel sandwich-structured microspheres, which exhibit preferable electrochemical performance in rechargeable Mg batteries.

Linking Regional Science and Urban Economics: Long-Run Interactions among Preferences for Amenities and Public Goods  [PDF]
Philip E. Philip E. Graves
Modern Economy (ME) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/me.2012.33035
Abstract: The linked nature of long-term patterns of urban deconcentration and regional change (from rustbelt to sunbelt in the U.S., but with similar phenomena increasingly world-wide) is analyzed in a framework that emphasizes heterogeneous human preferences. The focus is on the important interactions that exist between local and regional amenities, whether exogenous or endogenous. The central thesis is that persistent exogenous amenity variation among regions provides an underlying pattern of regional growth and decline. However, inappropriate provision of local public goods in central cities is seen to lead both to non-optimally large levels of suburbanization and to rates of regional change that are also non-optimally large.
Crystal and Molecular Structure of 4-Benzoyl-1,5-diphenyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carbonitrile  [PDF]
E. Korkusuz, E. ?ahin, ?. Yildirim
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications (CSTA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/csta.2012.11001
Abstract: The crystal structure of potential active 4-benzoyl-1,5-diphenyl-1H*-pyrazole-3-carbonitrile (C23H15N3O) (I) has been determined from single crystal X-ray diffraction data. Also IR, Uv-vis and NMR spectral data were determined. The title compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P* 21/c, with a* = 9.3167(2), b* = 20.6677(3), c* = 10.6143(3) ?, β* = 112.665(3)°, V* = 1886.00(8) ?3, Dcalc* = 1.23g cm-3, Z* = 4. In the structure, intermolecular H*-bonds lead to the formation of a centrosymmetric dimmer of the molecule. Furthermore, the compound has a wide transmission window (300 to 1100 nm) with a transparency of nearly 100% and the UV cut-off wavelength occurs at 242 nm.
Days of “Zero” level geomagnetic activity accompanied by the high neutron activity and dynamics of some medical events—Antipodes to geomagnetic storms  [PDF]
E. Stoupel, E. S. Babayev, E. Abramson, J. Sulkes
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.55113
Abstract:

The links of many medical-biological events with high levels of geomagnetic activity (GMA) are widely discussed. In recent years, several medical phenomena were described in inverse distribution by time with GMA. Also a concurrent to GMA and solar activity force-cosmic ray activity (CRA) and closely related high energy neutron and proton fluxes are studied as a forces dominating at low GMA and solar activity in relation to considered medical events. The aim of this study was to explore the distribution of some important medical events on days with “Zero” GMA levels, accompanied by high CRA (neutron activity). Medical event data of the Grand Baku region (more than 3 mln inhabitants), Azerbaijan, with daily distribution on the time 1 Dec. 2002-31 Dec. 2007 was compared to daily GMA Kp indices in general (Kp > 0, 1837 days) and 34 days daily GMA indices Kp = 0. Daily CRA data was also compared using neutron monitoring data from two stations. Daily averaged data and their standard deviations on the mentioned GMA levels were compared and statistical significance was established. Results revealed a significant rise in the number of emergencies (n = 1,567,576) and total deaths number (n = 46,360) at the days of “Zero” GMA level. These days were accompanied by significant rise of CRA (neutron activity). For Sudden Cardiac Deaths (SCD, n = 1615) and cerebral stroke (CVA, n =10,054) the increase achieved strong trend to significance level. Acute Myocardial Infarction occurrence (morbidity) and trauma were also absolutely more registered at days with “Zero” GMA level, despite the small number of such days. The average Infection numbers show an inverse relationship with absolutely high registry at the “Zero” GMA level days. Study linking environmental physical activity levels and the human medical data shows that geomagnetic field variations accompanied by the increased level of cosmic ray activity, can have either direct or indirect adverse effects on human health and physiology, even when the magnitude of the geomagnetic field disturbance is extremely small or even is equal to zero. On days of “Zero” daily Kp indices describing

Time of Application of S-Metolachlor Affects Growth, Marketable Yield and Quality of Carrot and Red Beet  [PDF]
Darren E. Robinson, Kristen E. McNaughton
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.34065
Abstract: Tolerance of carrot and red beet to s-metolachlor at three application timings—pre-emergence to crop (PRE), early postemergence (crop at two to four leaf stage-EPOST), and late postemergence (crop at five to seven leaf stage-LPOST) —was determined from 2008 to 2010. LPOST applications of s-metolachlor reduced carrot above ground plant dry weight, marketable yield and grower payment, but did not affect carrot length. PRE and LPOST applications of s-metolachlor reduced red beet above ground plant dry weight, total marketable yield, yield of No. 2 and No. 3 red beet, and grower payment. Our findings indicate that while carrot may be tolerant to PRE applications of s-metolachlor, applications made after the 5 leaf stage reduced plant dry weight enough to impact marketable yield and grower payment. In red beet, the potential reduction in growth, yield and grade would not justify the utility of a PRE or LPOST applica- tion timing.
Psychometric Properties of Turkish Version of Childhood Trauma Questionnaire among Adolescents with Gender Differences  [PDF]
Ay?e Rezan,e?en Erogul
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.310138
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and its subscales among adolescents. The participants consisted of 1275 high school students (14 - 19 years) with a mean age of 16.33 (SD = 1.01). The confirmatory factor analysis has revealed that CTQ has three subscale (physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse). Cronbach’s alpha for the total scale was .91, for physical abuse .84, for emotional abuse .89, for sexaul abuse .70. The test-retest correlation coefficient for the total score (n = 65) was .81, for physical abuse .82, for emotional abuse .80, and sexual abuse .75 at 3 weeks indicating adequate reliability. Discriminant validity was satisfactory. The results of the study have shown that the Turkish version of CTQ psychometrically sound among high school students.
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