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Sexual Abuse among Female Undergraduates in Tertiary Institutions in IMO State, Southeast Nigeria: Prevalence, Pattern and Determinants  [PDF]
Chukwuma B. Duru, Chinyere M. Aguocha, Anthony C. Iwu, Uche R. Oluoha, Ijeoma N. Okedo-Alex, Ikechi Ohanle, Ernest Nwaigbo
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104516
Abstract:
Introduction: Sexual abuse is a global public health problem that cuts across social class, cultures, tribes etc. and has permeated the fabrics of tertiary institutions and many work places as long as humans have reasons to interact. Aim: To determine the prevalence, pattern and determinants of sexual abuse among undergraduates in tertiary institutions in Imo State, Nigeria. Methodology: This study was a descriptive, cross sectional survey of 600 female students in tertiary institutions in Imo State Nigeria. They were selected using the multistage sampling technique and data were collected using a pretested, semi-structural and self-administered questionnaire and analyzed using a computer soft-ware (EPI INFO version 3.3.2). Descriptive statistics was presented using summary indices, frequency tables and percentages. Associations between variables were done using the chi-square and logistic regression. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 21.7 3.2 years. The current and life-time prevalence of sexual abuse among the respondents was 15.2% and 34% respectively and the commonest form of sexual abuse experienced was founding/grabbing of sensitive body parts (52.5%). Factors found to influence current occurrence of sexual abuse among the students were; age (p = 0.010), tribe (p = 0.008), marital status (p < 0.001), type of student in secondary school attended (p = 0.001), faculty of study (p = 0), year in school (p < 0.0001), persons currently shared room with (p < 0.0001) and level of knowledge about sexual abuse (p = 0.007). Conclusion: The prevalence of abuse as revealed in this study was high. There is need to develop appropriated prevention strategies by the universities to curb this menace against our women.
Environmental Sanitation Practices: A Case Study of Solid Waste Management in Semi-Urban Communities in Orlu, Imo State Nigeria  [PDF]
Chukwuma B. Duru, Anthony C. Iwu, Kevin C. Diwe, Kenechi A. Uwakwe, Irene A. Merenu, Ugochukwu C Madubueze, Ijeoma N. Okedo-Alex, Emmanuel U. Ndukwu, Ikechi Ohale, Ernest Nwaigbo
Occupational Diseases and Environmental Medicine (ODEM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/odem.2017.54009
Abstract: Background: Environmental sanitation is a fundamental process that is a key public health intervention which is essential for social, economic and overall health development of communities. Objective: To determine Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Environmental Sanitation in Semi-Urban Communities in Orlu, Imo State, Nigeria. Methods: A cross sectional descriptive design using a multistage random sampling technique to select 426 participants from households and business premises in semi-urban communities in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State. Data was collected using a pretested, semi structured, interviewer administered questionnaire. Descriptive analyses were done with frequencies and summary statistics to assess the respondents’ knowledge, attitude and practices of environmental sanitation. Results: The results revealed that the mean age of the respondents’ was 37.0 ± 2.2 with a male to female ratio of 1:1.2. Despite high awareness about environmental sanitation (95.0%) reported among the respondents, proportion of them with good knowledge about environmental sanitation (22.9%), attitude (38.6%) and practice (20.8%) towards environmental sanitation was low. The mean quantity of waste generated per week per household or business premise was 14.1 ± 0.94 kg with a majority of the respondents (80.0%), not separating their waste before disposal. The commonest solid waste component generated was organic/perishable materials (74.8%) and the commonest disposal practice reported was open dumping (49.8%). Conclusion: A lot of attention is still required in the development of basic sanitation infrastructure and also, in the promotion of strategies or interventions that influence behavioural change towards environmental sanitation especially in developing countries like Nigeria.
Utility of the Abdominometer: A Novel Contribution to Cardiovascular Anthropometry  [PDF]
Basil N. Okeahialam, Udochukwu M. Diala, Jones Uwakwe, Ijeoma Ejeh, Ugochi Ozoilo
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.613126
Abstract: Obesity is a CVD risk factor that can be modulated for massive reduction in morbi-mortality. Traditional indices measuring it have been inconsistent and the most commonly used; BMI has proved inappropriate for Africans, not attending specifically to body fat and its distribution. With the consensus that intra-abdominal fat is the most critical for cardio-metabolic diseases, various attempts were made to measure it for risk estimation. These however require costly equipments not easily amenable for population studies. The abdominometer conceptualized by BNO has shown promise in isolated cases. This pilot study was undertaken in this restricted population to compare its utility with existing anthropometric measures of cardiovascular disease.
Comparison of Solution Methods for some Classical Flow Problems in Rarified Gas Dynamics  [PDF]
Ignatius N. Njoseh, Alex Musa
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2013.13006
Abstract:

A comparison of two methods of solution to classical flow problem in rarefied gas dynamics was presented. The two methods were chosen to examine the effect of the following transport phenomena (pressure gradient and temperature difference) viz Poiseuille and Thermal creep respectively on the flow of rarefied gas. The governing equations were approximated using BGK model. It was shown that while the Discrete Ordinate Method could consider more values of the accommodation coefficients, the Finite Difference Method can only take accommodation coefficient of one. It was also shown that the flow rate has its minimum in both solution methods at Kn = 0.1 in the transition regime and that as the channels get wider, the Thermal creep volume flow rates get smaller.

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in Man and Animals—A Review  [PDF]
Maduike C. O. Ezeibe, Ijeoma J. Ogbonna
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2015.51006
Abstract: The paper defined acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) as a hematological abnormality rather than a clinical abnormality. Viruses that cause AIDS in man and animals are reviewed. Suggestion that human immune deficiency virus (HIV) which causes HIV/AIDS in man is a mutant of simian immune deficiency virus (SIV) which causes SIV/AIDS in nonhuman primates is also re-viewed. For a simple test to enable researchers in the developing countries which have the highest incidences of HIV/AIDS, join the global search for more effective treatment for the pandemic, direct passive hemagglutination test has been developed for in vitro testing of drugs, herbs and minerals that may have antiretroviral effects. Also reviewed are the similarities in pathogenesis of HIV infection in man and pathogenesis of infectious bursa disease virus (IBDV) in chicks to assess possibility of developing vaccine for HIV/AIDS. Finally, antiretroviral effects of medicinal synthetic aluminum-magnesium silicate as cure for HIV/AIDS were reviewed.
In Vivo Antiretroviral Effects of the Medicinal Synthetic Aluminum-Magnesium Silicate  [PDF]
Maduike C. O. Ezeibe, Ijeoma J. Ogbonna
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2015.52007
Abstract: Viral loads (copies of RNA per ml of plasma) of HIV/AIDS patients, who volunteered for clinical trial of the Medicinal synthetic Aluminum-magnesium silicate, were assessed, before and after they were treated. The treatment lasted 4 weeks, 8 weeks and 12 weeks respectively. A patient who could not access approved laboratory for viral load test on time, continued the treatment?for 24 weeks. Following treatment with the medicine, mean viral load of HIV/AIDS patients reduced (P < 0.05) from 18875.00 ± 17059.18 to 327.50 ± 226.84. Rates of the viral load reduction were: 86% after 4 weeks, 96% after 8 weeks and 99.71% after 12 weeks. Clinical signs complained of, by the patients during the treatment, included, fever, dermatitis, boils, joint pain, leg edema and sore throat. These clinical signs ceased when they were treated, so that the antiretroviral treatment was completed. The patient who was on the medication for 24 weeks had no adverse drug reaction.
Antiviral effects of a synthetic Aluminium-Magnesium Silicate, on Avian Influenza Virus  [PDF]
Maduike C. O. Ezeibe, Antony N. Egbuji, Obianuju N. Okoroafor, James I. Eze, Omadi Ijabo, Augustine A. Ngene, Ikechukwu C. Eze, Joseph A. C. Ugonabo, Mary E. Sanda, Ijeoma J. Mbuko
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.47067
Abstract: Effects a synthetic Aluminium-Magnesium Silicate [AMS] has on Avian Influenza Virus (AIV) were tested. Equal amounts of AIV samples and of the AMS were mixed, kept one hour at room temperature before centrifuging. The supernatants were remeasured and tested for, viral titre, Mean Death Time (MDT) and Mortality Rate of chicken Embryos (EMR). Volumes of the viral samples reduced at rate of 23.4% ± 5.48%. Viral titres reduced significantly (P < 0.01) from HA, 73 ± 32.72 to 1.4 ± 0.43. Also, EMR of infected chicken embryos reduced from 100% to 65%, while MDT of those that died,increased significantly (P < 0.01) from 76 ± 4.38 to 136 ±18.93 hours. When incubation with AMS was repeated on portions of an AIV sample, MDT increased from 64 to 104 hours with the portion incubated once. AIV portions on which incubation with AMS was repeated could not kill chicken embryos.
miR-146a Inhibits Cell Growth, Cell Migration and Induces Apoptosis in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells
Gang Chen, Ijeoma Adaku Umelo, Shasha Lv, Erik Teugels, Karel Fostier, Peter Kronenberger, Alex Dewaele, Jan Sadones, Caroline Geers, Jacques De Grève
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0060317
Abstract: Aberrant expression of microRNA-146a (miR-146a) has been reported to be involved in the development and progression of various types of cancers. However, its role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of miR-146a to various aspects of the malignant phenotype of human NSCLCs. In functional experiments, miR-146a suppressed cell growth, induced cellular apoptosis and inhibited EGFR downstream signaling in five NSCLC cell lines (H358, H1650, H1975, HCC827 and H292). miR-146a also inhibited the migratory capacity of these NSCLC cells. On the other hand, miR-146a enhanced the inhibition of cell proliferation by drugs targeting EGFR, including both TKIs (gefitinib, erlotinib, and afatinib) and a monoclonal antibody (cetuximab). These effects were independent of the EGFR mutation status (wild type, sensitizing mutation or resistance mutation), but were less potent compared to the effects of siRNA targeting of EGFR. Our results suggest that these effects of miR-146a are due to its targeting of EGFR and NF-κB signaling. We also found, in clinical formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) lung cancer samples, that low expression of miR-146a was correlated with advanced clinical TNM stages and distant metastasis in NSCLC (P<0.05). The patients with high miR-146a expression in their tumors showed longer progression-free survival (25.6 weeks in miR-146a high patients vs. 4.8 weeks in miR-146a low patients, P<0.05). miR-146a is therefore a strong candidate prognostic biomarker in NSCLC. Thus inducing miR-146a might be a therapeutic strategy for NSCLC.
Safe and suitable return for women fleeing conflict in Liberia
Victoria Ijeoma Nwogu
Forced Migration Review , 2010,
Abstract: When women migrants return, they can face daunting challenges to re-integration but can also contribute to development and transforming societies.
Impact of Hydrophobic Pollutants' Behavior on Occupational and Environmental Health
Ijeoma Kanu,Ebere Anyanwu
The Scientific World Journal , 2005, DOI: 10.1100/tsw.2005.28
Abstract:
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