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Anonymous Unemployed 2.0: The Needs of Forgotten Italian Workers  [PDF]
Concetta Papapicco, Isabella Quatera
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104978
Abstract:
The unemployment rate of economically developed countries up to a few years ago is increasing and there are many intervention projects to manage this increase. Despite this, more and more human resources belong to the Job-less generation, including workers in protected categories, young people and workers forced to retrain, who fall into a spiral of silence, from which they can hardly get out, becoming “invisible”. For this reason, the research aims to introduce a new perspective regarding listening to marginalized workers, observing them in natural contexts where it is easier to express their opinions. To date, the digital revolution and the organization of users on the Net, has allowed the creation of virtual groups that have become real movements of revolt or self-support. The study aims to investigate, through the virtual narratives of invisible workers, what are the real needs of a Job-less Human Resources in the current working situation and how it is possible to intervene to manage this emergency, starting from the assumption that it is necessary to promote a dialogue between workers and companies. The perspective used is the diatextual analysis, thanks to which the virtual experiences of 2.0 workers are considered in the light of the dense interweaving of text and context of enunciation. The methodology used is qualitative: a critical analysis of the discourse is applied, where the socio-epistemic rhetoric is highlighted, and it has been useful for understanding the requirements and needs of workers in the era of professional flexibility, on which they can take an intervention based on the person as a human resource, in order to face unemployment and not to forget them.
Trust between Boundary-Spanning Agents: The Role of Relational Competencies  [PDF]
Isabella Hatak, Dietmar Roessl
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.33001
Abstract:

Against the background of principal-agent and transaction-cost theoretical considerations, this study addresses the question whether relational competencies relate to trust within cooperative relationships, taking into account also situational and personal factors. In its conclusion, the study presents an experimentally confirmed model (n = 282) that shows the strong causal relationship between relational competencies and trust allowing boundary-spanning agents to exert influence on the development and maintenance of complex cooperative relationships characterized by long-term objectives.

On Laminar Flow in Microfabricated Channels with Partial Semi-Circular Profiles  [PDF]
William J. Federspiel, Isabella Valenti
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2012.21003
Abstract: Soft and hard micromachining techniques used to develop microfluidic devices can yield microchannels of many different cross-sectional profiles. For semi-circular microchannels, these techniques often produce only partialsemicircular (PSC) cross-sections. This study investigated fully developed laminar flow in PSC microchannels as a function of a circularity index, κ, defined as the ratio of the radiuses along the curved and flat surfaces of the PSC profile. A correction factor, K, to the Hagen-Poiseuille relation was determined and was well-fitted by the power-law relationship K=5.299/κ2.56. Actual correction factors were compared to estimates based on several hydraulic models for flow in microchannels of arbitrary cross-section, as well as the half-ellipsoid cross-section. The level of wall shear stress, when normalized by the pressure drop per unit length, increased approximately linearly with increase in the circularity index, κ.
Identidade e alteridade entre os Ese Ejja da Bolívia setentrional
Lepri, Isabella;
Mana , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-93132005000200005
Abstract: this paper explores the construction of self-identity in relation to others in a bolivian amazon society, through the lens of the ambivalent attitudes of the ese ejja towards non-indigenous bolivians. i argue that the ese ejja's ambivalence reflects the mutable, contextual and relational nature of identity, understood as self-image. the relationship described here is characterised by self-debasement on the part of the ese ejja. this is partly attributable to historical, economic and political factors, but is also consistent with the indigenous strategy of avoiding direct confrontation with dangerous entities. moreover, it is suggested that this stance towards powerful foreigners can also be read in terms of indigenous socio-cosmological notions of otherness and of other-becoming and of the ese ejja's own sense of being in history
Claudia: la revista de la mujer moderna en la Argentina de los a?os sesenta (1957-1973)
Cosse,Isabella;
Mora (Buenos Aires) , 2011,
Abstract: claudia is remembered as "the" modern woman's magazine of the 1960s. this memory highlights the impact that this venture of the publishing house abril had in 1957 in terms of renovating journalism and the female image. but this memory also obliterates the contradictions in the editorial line with respect to the ideal woman portrayed and the changes it underwent over time. through a historical reconstruction and bearing these ideas in mind, this article aims to examine the double renovation that claudia brought, to journalism and to the image of women. in that sense, it seeks to shed light on the transformations in the editorial line as a result of the interactions that involved the interests of the editorial staff and contributors of claudia, the dynamics of the magazine market and the experiences of women, in particular middle class women with cultural aspirations, in 1960s argentina.
Die Ethnografie eines Online-Rollenspiels: Die Bedeutung virtueller und realer Wettbewerbe in der Konstruktion des Feldes Ethnography of Online Role-Playing Games: The Role of Virtual and Real Contest in the Construction of the Field Etnografía de los juegos de rol en línea: El rol de lo virtual y lo real en la construcción del campo
Simona Isabella
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2007,
Abstract: Der Aufsatz führt Leser(innen) in die Welt der Multi-User-Domains (MUD, http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multi_User_Dungeon). Sein Hauptziel besteht in der Analyse von mit computervermittelter Kommunikation verbundenen gesellschaftlichen Fragen, insbesondere im Zusammenhang mit den Konzept des Spiels, den Prozessen von Identit ts- und Personalit tskonstruktion online als Kulmination des "Kommens und Gehens" zwischen Spiel und Wirklichkeit, mit dem Konzept der Gemeinschaft, das sich in den verschiedenen Rahmen entfaltet – dem virtuellen und dem realen –, sowie schlie lich mit dem Konzept von virtueller und physischer "Erfahrung". In der empirischen Untersuchung, die sich dem Vergleich eines interaktiven italienischen und eines kanadischen MUD widmete, wurde erstens auf die virtuelle Ethnografie zurückgegriffen, und zweitens wurden mit Spieler(inne)n Interviews zur Validierung der Forschungsergebnisse geführt. Bei der Erforschung der MUDs traf ich auf einige grundlegende Fragen: Ist das Online-Spiel die einzig zu betrachtende Ebene? Welchen Einfluss üben andere Kommunikationsmedien aus (ICQ, virtuelle Foren, E-Mails, SMS), die von den Muddern zus tzlich eingesetzt werden, um ihre Spiele zu organisieren und sich untereinander kennenzulernen? Ist es erforderlich/sinnvoll, dass Forschende den sozialen Kontext der Spieler(innen) vollkommen au er Acht lassen und sich vollkommen auf die Online-Beziehungen konzentrieren? Das sind einige der Fragen, die dieser Aufsatz zu beantworten versucht, indem ich methodische Probleme der Erforschung des Internet diskutiere, sei es als (Kommunikations-) Medium, sei es als Untersuchungsrahmen. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0703367 This paper invites the reader into the world of MUDs (Multi User Domains). Its underlying goal is to analyse certain social challenges associated with computer mediated communication (CMC), specifically with respect to the concept of the game; the process involved in the construction of the online Self or personality, potentially perceived as the final culmination of the frequent "comings and goings" between the game and reality; the concept of community that develops between two different frames—the virtual world and the real one; and, finally, the concept of both online and offline "experience". The empirical research, focusing on a comparison between an Italian and a Canadian MUDs interactive game, used online ethnography as the basic premise of study and biographical interviews with the players themselves, as further validation of the phenomenon. A fundamental question faces a researcher when conducting th
Structures of perception in Jean Potocki’s Voyage dans l’Empire de Maroc Strutture della percezione nel Voyage dans l’empire de Maroc fait en l’année 1791 di Jean Potocki
Isabella Mattazzi
Between , 2011,
Abstract: Analyzing a given literary period and comparing it to another poses us much more than a question at a critical level. Working on eighteenth century texts means not only individuating points of affinity with our contemporary period, but also substantially questioning the sense of “otherness” inherent to each period that has past. Working from this notion and referring to Jean Potocki’s Voyage dans l’Empire de Maroc, this paper focuses on the perceptive modalities of a century, that is to say the “modes of seeing” through which the eighteenth century vision “perceived and thought” the world, thereby penetrating a complex thematic canvas, which is of key importance to the analysis of modern European identity and its infinite contradictions. Il lavoro di analisi di un’epoca nei confronti di un’altra pone, da un punto di vista critico, ben più di una questione. Lavorare su testi settecenteschi comporta non soltanto il problema di un’individuazione di elementi di affinità con la nostra contemporaneità, ma anche un’interrogazione sostanziale sul necessario senso di “estraneità” che necessariamente ogni epoca lontana sembra portare con sé. Partendo da questa considerazione, questo studio intende soffermarsi sull’analisi del Voyage dans l’Empire de Maroc di Jean Potocki per indagare le modalità percettive del secolo, i “modelli della visione” attraverso cui il Settecento “guarda e pensa” il mondo, entrando così all’interno di una rete tematica complessa, certamente non secondaria per un’analisi dell’identità europea moderna e delle sue infinite contraddizioni.
Parigi, Quai Branly. Il dialogo delle nature e delle culture Quai Branly, Paris: The dialogue between natures and cultures
Isabella Pezzini
Galáxia , 2012,
Abstract: Quai Branly (Museo Nazionale delle Arti e Civilt dAfrica, dAsia, dOceania e delle Americhe) a Parigi, inaugurato nel 2006, analizzato da un punto di vista semiotico come un grande dispositivo di riconoscimento e di comunicazione culturale, nelle sue diverse componenti: architettonica, paesaggistica, di allestimento. Si tratta di uno spazio che si vuole fortemente innovativo, e che investe nellintegrazione fra la collezione e le nuove tecnologie della comunicazione. Il museo vuole affermare il valore della diversit delle culture, e costruire uno spazio di possibile dialogo fra di loro, oltre che di esposizione esemplare di artefatti eccezionali. Non solo museo ma anche centro per linsegnamento e la ricerca, nonch spazio a disposizione di diversi pubblici potenziali, compreso quello alla ricerca di intrattenimento: dunque un nuovo museo nel pieno senso del termine. Quai Branly (Africa, Asia, Oceania and Americas Arts and Civilization National Museum) in Paris, opened in 2006 is analyzed from a semiotic point of view as a great device for cultural recognition and communication in its different components - architectural, landscape and exhibitions display. Its about a space that builds itself as innovative and that invests on the integration among collections and new communication technologies. The museum aims to state the value of cultures diversity and build a space for possible dialogues among them - besides the exhibition of exceptional artifacts copies. Not only the museum - but also a center for teaching and researching, - the space is available for several potential audiences, including that one that searches for entertainment: therefore, a new museum on its definitions strict sense.
Os olhos de Saddam: imagens do inimigo
Isabella Pezzini
Galáxia , 2010,
Abstract: Na representa o jornalística da captura de Saddam Hussein, as fotografias s o utilizadas como “atos de guerra” na representa o dos inimigos, e enfatizadas pelos circuitos midiáticos. Saddam foi capturado em um refúgio escavado debaixo da terra na zona rural: as suas condi es físicas eram dignas de piedade, e impiedosamente foram imortalizadas pelos fotógrafos embedded na captura. O aspecto de seu corpo transcurado, de seu rosto inchado, de seus cabelos e de sua barba desalinhados eram o contrário de sua imagem “em majestade” entronizada em mil variantes por todo o Iraque até pouco tempo atrás. O por em cena a estética do corpo sobre a qual Saddam – como muitos políticos n o necessariamente tiranos – fundou a representa o de seu próprio poder, foi destruída e a interpreta o de degrada o ultrapassou com grande facilidade a sua imagem de honra. Nas inten es dos inimigos, desgosto e vergonha colaboravam perfeitamente para a sinaliza o da vitória, enquanto, entre os espectadores da parte adversária só suscitavam mais raiva, indigna o, ódio e desejo de vingan a. Essas fotos de Saddam, assim como, em seguida, aquelas de seu enforcamento após a sua condena o, de tratamento grotesco, representam somente um dos episódios mais significativos de uma longa “guerra de imagens” que contrap e ainda povos e culturas, sensibilidade religiosa e política, e torna o terreno da mídia, um espa o ulterior de desencontros, ao invés de constru es possíveis de comunidade. O texto se fecha entre outros sobre o estatuto ambíguo que os jornais atribuem às imagens fotográficas, de um lado utilizadas como prova incontestável do discurso verbal e, de outro, continuamente pondo em causa esse último, que as interroga, as interpreta e as coloca em dúvida, construindo um discurso sincrético a ser lido sob diversas possibilidades isotópicas.
Omaggio a Omar: fra Garibaldi e Sandokan un saggio sull’immaginario eroico
Isabella Pezzini
Galáxia , 2012,
Abstract: Questo breve articolo ricorda Omar Calabrese a partire da un suo libro illustrato del 1982 - forse meno conosciuto fra le sue opere - intitolato Garibaldi. Tra Ivanhoe e Sandokan. Il libro è dedicato all’iconografia del maggiore eroe del Risorgimento italiano, attraversata secondo un percorso di lettura che mette in luce i diversi modi attraverso i quali si è costruita semio- ticamente questa figura così importante nell’immaginario identitario italiano. In particolare, il testo esplora il forte nesso che si venne a costituire fra letteratura romantica e popolare, la vita romanzesca di Garibaldi e la sua agiografia, sfociata in un vero e proprio culto.
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