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OALib Journal期刊

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Surrogate Motherhood in Colombia as a Gender Situation  [PDF]
José Antonio García Pereánez, Lina María Ríos Martínez, Jeisson Londono Quiroz
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104943
Abstract:
Surrogate motherhood is an assisted human reproduction method. This method is developed when a woman, in this case, genetic substitute, commits to carry a baby with the obligation to deliver him/her to the contracting parties when he/she is born. This paper reports the analysis of “Surrogate Motherhood in Colombia as a Gender Situation”, which was achieved by applying guidelines of qualitative research, investigating the Colombian Law, Jurisprudence, and Doctrine on regulation in issues of surrogate motherhood. It was found that this practice is violating the dignity of women, and gives a category of “thing” to the human being. In these two members of Centro Democrático political party, following a legal, social, and ethical study on surrogate motherhood, articulated the Bill 026, 2016, seeking to give a greater protection to women and children conceived under this method, after years of failed bills, as was the case of 037, 2009. This analysis concluded that this practice has been carried out in Colombia in a disproportionate manner, which entails the violation of human rights for both the unborn child and the newborn baby resulting from this practice, as well as for the other participants.
Entropy Spectrum of a Carged Black Hole of Heterotic String Theory via Adiabatic Invariance
Alexis Larranaga,Luis Cabarique,Manuel Londono
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: Using adiabatic invariance and the Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization rule we investigate the entropy spectroscopy of a charged black hole of heterotic string theory. It is shown that the entropy spectrum is equally spaced identically to the Schwarzschild, Reissner-Nordstr\"om and Kerr black holes. Since the adiabatic invariance method does not use quasinormal mode analysis, there is no need to impose the small charge limit and no confusion on whether the real part or imaginary part is responsible for the entropy spectrum.
Effect of Pectin Lyase Enzyme on Fermentation and Drying of Cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.): An Alternative to Improve Raw Material in the Industry of Chocolate  [PDF]
Maritza Gil, Francy Orrego, Edith Cadena, Rosa Alegria, Julian Londono-Londono
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2016.74023
Abstract: Cocoa (Theobroma cacao), in all its presentations, is consumed all over the world and is one of the main drivers of the economic in several countries. The world’s Cocoa tendency is focused on developing special beans. This category is subject to postharvest processes of utmost importance such as the fermentation and dry, which are currently carried out with traditional and poorly effective devices, which need to be improved to obtain a high quality product. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the pectin lyase enzyme (E.C.4.2.2.10) on the postharvest cocoa process. We evaluated the enzyme dosage (1.0% and 0.5%) in fermentation and its effect on the variables temperature, acidity and drying time by convection at 60°C. The Pectin lyase activity during fermentation does not cause a significant effect on the variables of temperature and acidity; however, the drying process time required to achieve 7.0% moisture was reduced. The enzyme dosage of 1.0% was the best result, the amount of exudate obtained (115 ml) during fermentation and the best degree of fermentation (77% ± 3.8) were increased and further shows a change in porosity facilitating the scale surface and internal moisture diffusion. The drying rate (Nw) expressed in kgwater/m2 * min was determined based on the empirical model of Newton, where the higher speed was obtained during the falling period. In conclusion, enzyme dosage 1% was the best concentration evaluated because weaken grain husk, which allowed an adequate fermentation,and subsequent time drying reduction until 10.8 h.
De la comadrona a la obstetriz: Nacimiento y apogeo de la profesión de partera titulada en el Perú del siglo XIX
Quiroz,Lissell;
Dynamis , 2012,
Abstract: in peru and the rest of the hispanic world, the 19th century was a time of profound change in the practice of medicine and especially in obstetrics. among the leading agents in this development were the midwives, whose profession was born and established at that time. previously, traditional midwives were responsible for accompanying women during labour in an almost entirely female universe. in the late 18th century, enlightened peruvians became interested in child-birth and the perinatal period. they mainly criticized the practice of traditional mid-wives and presented to public opinion the need for theoretical training under the supervision of medical staff. after independence, the enlightenment discourse was resumed by the public authorities of the nascent state. this project became a reality thanks to the arrival in peru of the french midwife, benita paulina fessel, an enterprising woman who wished to establish the parisian (port-royal) birth model. the confluence of these factors led to the birth in 1826 of the first maternity hospital in the hispanic world with a specific function, which was associated with a childbirth school led by madame fessel, who was herself an alumna of the maternity hospital in paris. lima maternity hospital trained several generations of midwives, who received an excellent theoretical and practical training and established themselves as competent professionals. during the second half of the 19th century, obstetricians, as they were named from that time in peru, accompanied more and more women in the throes of childbirth and proved able to endure the pressure of doctors and take possession of this essential moment in the life of women.
VARIACIONES MONETARIAS, IMPULSO URBANO Y SALARIOS EN SANTIAGO EN LA SEGUNDA MITAD DEL SIGLO XVIII
QUIROZ,ENRIQUETA;
Historia (Santiago) , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-71942012000100004
Abstract: the object of this article is to illustrate that during the second half of the eighteenth century monetary circulation was much more active in santiago than had been previously thought. to that end minting levels have been analyzed especially the volume of small change as this was the currency that circulated in the daily market and was used to fix the price of foodstuffs as well as to pay daily wages in the city of santiago during the late eighteenth and the early nineteenth century. this means that common people knew about and used money in their daily transactions and also implies that the chilean economy was growing and forming a market of its own.
La flota de la Sociedad Ballenera de Magallanes: Historias y operaciones en los mares australes (1905-1916)
QUIROZ,DANIEL;
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442011000100002
Abstract: sociedad ballenera de magallanes, a leading chilean whaling company, formed as a limited company in 1906 and dissolved ten years later. during this period the company will use in whaling nine ships, five catchers, two factory ships, and two pontoon ships, i.e. deposits of coal and oil. sociedad ballenera de magallanes used two systems for the processing of carcasses of whales, the frst represented by the bahía águila land station and the second by factory ship gobernador bories. whaling was carried out by the “catchers”, the “admirals” of the whaling feet. in this paper we want to show the origins of the feet, the most significant technical features of ships, the operations developed for the sociedad ballenera de magallanes between 1905 and 1916, and the individual histories of each ship after the sale.
ENTRE EL HUMANISMO Y EL MERCANTILISMO: EL BIEN COMúN EN EL ABASTO DE CARNE DE CIUDAD DE MéXICO, 1708-1716
Quiroz,Enriqueta;
Cuadernos de historia (Santiago) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0719-12432011000200002
Abstract: this article analyzes the political practices exercised by local government officials in mexico city in the early eighteenth century, around the meat supply. the idea is to observe the common good, but settled not only in humanism doctrine, but also within a mercantilist policy, in which the economic interests of the crown intended to come together as one body with those of his subjects.
?Por qué auditar a los comités de ética en investigación?
Quiroz,Estela;
Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1726-46342010000300019
Abstract: ethics committees in biomedical research have the responsibility to ensure the protection of human participants in the studies. in order to improve the quality of their work they must undergo audit procedures commissioned by the sponsors and inspections done by the regulatory authorities. through these procedures, improvement of their functions should be guaranteed, so they can optimize their tasks and accomplish in the best way the purpose for which they were created.
Las puertas del agua (el invisible silencio)
Gustavo Quiroz
Argumentos (México, D.F.) , 2008,
Abstract:
álvaro Jara, El imperio espa ol en América (1700-1820): Una historia económica
Enriqueta Quiroz
Historia (Santiago) , 2011,
Abstract:
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