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OALib Journal期刊

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Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation on Lipid Profile and Plasma Glucose of Preeclamptic Women in Ibadan, Nigeria  [PDF]
Ayobola Abimbola Sonuga, Modupe Fisayo Asaolu, Oyebola Oluwagbemiga Sonuga
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104410
Abstract:
Biochemical metabolites are implicated in preeclampsia, which include elevated plasma concentration of Triglycerides (TG), Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDLC), total lipids and reduced High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDLC) concentrations and significant reductions in fasting plasma glucose, and serum insulin homeostasis model of assessment. Vitamin D supplementation seems to be a possible target for intervention and possible improved pregnancy outcomes in preeclampsia. Therefore, this study aimed at determining the effects of Vitamin D supplementation on the Lipid Profile, and random plasma glucose levels of preeclamptic women in Ibadan, Nigeria. This interventional study was carried out at the Antenatal clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology Departments of University College Hospital Ibadan and Adeoyo Maternity Clinic, Yemetu, Ibadan, Nigeria. 120 pregnant women aged 18 to 35 were recruited; 40 normotensive pregnant women served as control; 40 randomly chosen preeclamptic women were placed on oral vitamin D supplement of 1000 IU/day for 8 weeks and 40 preeclamptic women were given no supplement. Blood samples were taken at study baseline (22 weeks), after 8 weeks of supplementation (3rd trimester) and 3 to 5 days postpartum in all groups to quantify serum vitamin D, random glucose and Lipid profile. Vitamin D was quantified by Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), glucose status by glucose oxidase method and lipid profile by standard methods. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) soft version 17.0 and subjected to One way analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Student’s t test. Results showed a significant increase (p < 0.05) in levels of TG, LDLC, random plasma glucose and a decrease (p < 0.05) in HDLC levels in the preeclamptic groups when compared with normotensive women in second and third trimester. After vitamin D supplementation, there was a significant reduction (p < 0.05) in Total Cholesterol (TC), TG, LDLC levels and an increase in HDLC (p < 0.05) (4.49 ± 0.38, 1.51 ± 0.22, 3.45 ± 0.57, 1.87 ± 0.29) vs. (5.96 ± 0.49, 2.30 ± 0.20, 5.90 ± 0.36, 1.07 ± 0.28) respectively. Random plasma glucose level was reduced (5.7 ± 0.5 vs. 6.01 ± 0.43), though not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Vitamin D supplementation is important in ameliorating dyslipidemia associated with preeclampsia.
Nutritional Requirement of Target Population Groups in the Developing Countries: A Case Study of Amala Served with Okro Soup and Jollof Beans
Bamisaye,Fisayo Abraham
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: Nutritional requirement of target population groups in the developing Countries was investigated. Two commonly affordable meals (Amala served with okro soup and Jollof beans) were analyzed and the percentage macronutrients obtained in them were converted to grams. The percentage wet weight composition (2.25, 0.67, 32.09 and 3.06, 3.28, 12.69) were found to be equivalent to 4.97, 1.39, 70.85 and 8.22, 8.81, 34.09 g of fat, crude protein and carbohydrate from Amala and Jollof beans meals respectively. The energy content (Kcal) from carbohydrate, the primary source of energy for Amala and Jollof beans meals was determined and found to be 283.42 and 136.34 respectively. These results were then compared with the Standard Recommended Allowance and the Standard Energy/Calorie Requirements for different age groups. The results obtained revealed that these meals did not meet the nutritional requirements of any of the different age groups. This may definitely have advert effects on these population groups.
Exploring Factors Influencing Recruitment and Retention of Nurses in Lagos State, Nigeria within Year 2008 and 2012  [PDF]
Modupe O. Oyetunde, Olabisi O. Ayeni
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.48062
Abstract:

Objective: To explore the factors influencing recruitment and retention of nurses in Lagos State Hospitals. Background: Despite the perceived efforts made by Hospitals Management in Lagos State to recruit and retain nurses, there is still inadequate number of nurses to match the demand of care needed by patients in the hospitals. Methods: The descriptive study utilized mixed methods to gather data. It consisted of 330 consented and randomly selected nurses for the survey and 14 purposively selected nurse leaders and Director for the interview. The instruments were pretested questionnaire, semi-structured interview guide and existing records. Result: The study revealed that all health institutions in Lagos State were aware of the standard procedures of recruitment of nurses, but often engages in replacement rather than proper recruitment. Most of the Nursing leadership positions in Lagos State were vacant. More than half (68.2%) of the nurse respondents were not sure if they would still be working in their health institution in the next five years. It was revealed that the turnover rate of nurses in the State Health institutions was higher than the Federal health institutions in Nigeria. Conclusion: Increment in salary and allowances rated the best influence on recruitment and retention of nurses in Lagos State. Lack of nursing leadership; sense of job security and work environment were the major factors influencing recruitment and retention of nurses. There is need for adequate human resource planning; increased efforts and formulation of policies that will improve recruitment and retention of nurses in Lagos State of Nigeria.

Factors Influencing Practice of Patient Education among Nurses at the University College Hospital, Ibadan  [PDF]
Modupe Olusola Oyetunde, Atinuke Janet Akinmeye
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.55053
Abstract: Patient education is the process of influencing patient behaviour and producing the changes in knowledge, attitudes and skills necessary to maintain or improve health. Health education may be general preventive, health promotion or diseases specific education. With an education system in place, patients will be satisfied with care, patients will be healthier, and will seek medical services less frequently. There is little or no documentation on the practice of patient education at the University College Hospital, Ibadan. The aim of this descriptive study was to explore factors influencing the practice of patient education among nurses at the University College Hospital, Ibadan. Stratified and simple random sampling techniques were used in selecting 200 nurses at the University College Hospital Ibadan. A self-designed questionnaire was used to collect data. Statistical package for social sciences version 15 (SPSS 15) was used in analysing data. The study revealed that the knowledge and practice of patient education among the nurses in University College Hospital was high and the knowledge was found to be significantly associated with its practice (X2 = 7.89, p = 0.017). The working experience of nurses does not determine whether they practice patient education or not. Almost all the respondents (70% - 90%) in this study affirmed that the nurses’ experiences, cultural barriers, work place culture, lack of time, heavy workload, insufficient staffing, and the complexity of patients’ condition were important factors that influenced the practice of patient education. In conclusion, nurses at the University College Hospital have good knowledge and positive attitude towards patient education but could not practice effectively. A more critical approach in addressing heavy workload, insufficient staffing, among others is needed to improve patient education. Further studies should be carried out on developing nurses’ roles as patient educators.
A decision support tool for basin irrigation in northern Nigeria
Olumuyiwa S. Asaolu
Maejo International Journal of Science and Technology , 2009,
Abstract: Inadequate rainfall, water resources scarcity and attendant food security-related problems have made irrigation technology a necessity. This work presents the development of a decision support system for solving surface irrigation design problems in northern Nigeria. The arid northern states affected by desert encroachment constitute a good candidate and their climatological data was obtained from the Nigerian Metrological Agency. The interactive system was defined in terms of inputs and outputs. The inputs were properties of soil, surface irrigation method and climate. The outputs were mainly the quantity of water application, scheduling pattern, possible design configuration, advance time, cut-off time, application rate, and water use efficiency. The FAO Penman-Monteith equation was used to estimate evapotranspiration values of major crops grown in Nigeria. Mathematical models outlined by Walker and Skogerboe were adapted, and heuristics applied in determining the best configuration that achieves optimum water application efficiency. We encoded the knowledge base using Matlab software. The application was successfully used for the modification of a farm irrigation scheme in Kaduna state. This indicates that the adoption of new technologies for irrigation design issues could enhance agricultural productivity in northern Nigeria.
Exchange Rate Risk Exposure of Nigerian Listed Firms: An Empirical Examination
ASAOLU Taiwo Olufemi
International Business Research , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v4n2p219
Abstract: The study investigated foreign exchange rate risk exposure of 117 samples of Nigerian Listed firms for the period 1998 - 2007. The Jorion (1991) approach of measuring economic exposure as a slope coefficient of the regression of stock returns on exchange rates movements was used. The study utilized three alternative currencies exchange rates, viz; the US Dollar, the UK Pounds and the Euro effective real exchange rates. Findings reveal that Nigerian listed firms are generally exposed to adverse exchange rates risks of the three currencies under investigation, with a higher magnitude of exposure to the US dollar. The study further investigated differences in exposure by financial and non-financial sector firms. The results failed to indicate any significant differences in pattern of exposure between the financial and non-financial firms, thus providing no evidence to support the thesis that financial firms possess requisites to hedge exchange rates risks. The study concluded that exchange rates instability are significant hindrance to corporate performance in Nigerian listed firms.
Gender, Self-Concept and Occupational Status Differentials in Occupational Stress among Bank Workers in Lagos State
Eunice Modupe Hassan
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: >The study investigated the determinants of occupational stress using gender, self-concept and occupational status as factors. Survey research design was adopted. Sample comprised 100 Bank workers randomly selected from Lagos state, Nigeria. Job Situation Questionnaire (JSQ) was used. Three hypotheses were tested while the student t-test was used for data analysis. Results tested at 0.05 level of significance indicated no significant difference in occupational stress of male and female bank workers and in the research of workers of different occupational status. However, significant difference exists between workers with high self-concept and those with low self-concept. Conclusively, stress effects are greatest among service staff at the bottom of the hierarchy, with least participation in decision-making.
THE EFFECT OF GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE ON INFRASTRUCTURE ON THE GROWTH OF THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY, 1977-2009
Mary Modupe Fasoranti
International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues , 2012,
Abstract: The paper examined the effects of government expenditures on infrastructure on the growth of the Nigerian economy. The data sourced majorly from the various issues of Central Bank statistical bulletin was analyzed with the aid of econometric methods. Data collected included government expenditures on education, environment and housing, health services, transport and communication, agriculture, security, inflation rate and gross domestic product. Data treatment methods used was the unit root test, co-integration and vector error correction estimation. Simple multiple regression model was used to obtain the results used for the analysis. Results showed a long run relationship between the growth of the economy and government expenditures in education, environment and housing, health services, water resources, inflation rate, agriculture, security, transport and communication. The paper observed that government expenditures on health services, transport and communication imparted negatively on growth while expenditures in agriculture and security were not significant in the growth of the economy. To increase the growth rate of the economy, the government must adopt stringent controls on its expenditures on infrastructure so as to reduce fraud, fund diversion and mismanagement. Moreover, monitoring and evaluation of government spending must be given top priority. This will help to ensure that the targets of government spending are reached.
Trace Metal Distribution in Nigerian Leafy Vegetables
S.S. Asaolu,M.F. Asaolu
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2010,
Abstract: Trace metal distribution in some selected Nigeria leafy vegetables were determined. All the minerals investigated were found present in all the components of the selected vegetables. On the average, zinc was the most abundant metal with averages of 2.82, 1.97 and 2.08 (mg/g) in roots, stem and leaf of the vegetables, while lead was the leafy with averages of 0.07, 0.06 and 0.07 (mg/g), in roots, stems and leaves respectively. Trace metal distribution number (TMDN) indicates that the roots concentrate most of the metals than the stems and leaves.
Perception of Patients and Other Health Care Professionals about Nurses at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria  [PDF]
Modupe O. Oyetunde, Ononaiwu M. Kelechi, Mary O. Oyediran
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.413101
Abstract:
Objective: To explore the perception of patients and other health care professionals about the attitude and behavior of nurses working at the University College Hospital Ibadan Oyo State. Background: Observation has shown that despite the efforts nurses put into carrying out their duties, the acknowledgement of a job well done from co-professionals and patients still leaves much to be desired. Could this be due to impressions formed about nurses? Hence, this study attempts to explore the perception of patients and other health care professionals about nurses. Methods: Two hundred (200) consented respondents were randomly selected for this study. This consists of 165 patients and 35 doctors representing other health care professionals. Data were collected through a pretested questionnaire. Analysis was done by using SPSS version 16.0. Result: Results showed that 68% of patients and 58% of doctors perceived that nurses were competent. About 75% of patients and 54% of doctors agreed that the nurses had adequate skills. Patients (70%) and doctors (49%) agreed that the nurses had a positive attitude towards work. About 74% of patients and 59% of doctors agreed to the fact that the nurses maintained a professional demeanor. Findings also showed that patients rated the nurses higher than the doctors did. A significant difference was found between the perception of patients and doctors about the communication skills of nurses (t = 2.423; df = 198; p = 0.016). Conclusion: The study shows relative satisfaction with the quality of nurse’s work, perceptions of people about their attitudes and behaviors. Nurses could improve on how they relate with other health care providers to achieve positive patient care outcomes.
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