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Social Organization of Transgender Sex Workers  [PDF]
Anwaar Mohyuddin, Muhammad Ali
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2013.37054
Abstract: This paper is an attempt to document life of male sex workers as transgender in Pakistan and to describe their cultural practices with reference to ritual performs on different occasion. Qualitative research methods combing in-depth interviews, FGDs, and observation were employed to gather information. An effort has been made to investigate the cultural life of the transgender and the pattern of their social interaction within the community as well as with the outsiders. Analysis based on thematic description of the themes generated after reviewing data. The research process revealed that males who were engaged in the sex industry have two types of sociological division: first, young and having male identity with potential to transform in transgender; while other transgender plays dual roles: a) within sex worker community as transgender women, b) male outside the transgender community. These males fulfill their socio-psychological and economic needs through entrance in the transgender community. Most of them consider themselves as having feminine soul and masculine body. The male engaging in sex work is a complex
New Applications to Solitary Wave Ansatz  [PDF]
Muhammad Younis, Safdar Ali
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.56092
Abstract:

In this article, the solitary wave and shock wave solitons for nonlinear Ostrovsky equation and Potential Kadomstev-Petviashvili equations have been obtained. The solitary wave ansatz is used to carry out the solutions.


TCP/IP Based Intelligent Load Management System in Micro-Grids Network Using MATLAB/Simulink  [PDF]
Muhammad Ali, Muhammad Zakariya, Muhammad Asif, Amjad Ullah
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2012.44038
Abstract: Computerized power management system with fast and optimal communication network overcomes all major dicrepencies of undue or inadequate load relief that were present in old conventional systems. This paper presents the basic perception and methodology of modern and true intelligent load management scheme in micro grids topology by employing TCP/IP protocol for fast and intelligent switching. The network understudy performs load management and power distribution intelligently in a unified network. Generated power is efficiently distributed among local loads through fast communication system of server in the form of source and clients in the form of loads through TCP/IP. The efficient use of information between server and clients enables to astutely control the load management in a power system of micro grids system. The processing time of above stated system comes out to be 10ms faster than others which ensure very less delay as compared to conventional methods. The Micro Grids system operating through TCP/IP control has been implemented in MATLAB/Simulink and results have been verified.
Development of a Course Sequence for an Interdisciplinary Curriculum
Muhammad Ali
Higher Education Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/hes.v2n3p1
Abstract: Interdisciplinary curriculum development is challenging in the sense that materials from more than one discipline have to be integrated in a seamless manner. A faculty member has to develop expertise in multiple disciplines in order to teach an interdisciplinary course, or the course has to be team-taught. Both approaches are difficult to implement. There are administrative issues, such as proportional posting of expenditures across departmental budgets for the courses taught collaboratively, or courses with students from multiple departments. This paper describes the development and teaching of a sequence of bioinformatics related interdisciplinary courses for incorporation into undergraduate biology curricula. Three courses were developed with collaboration between the Departments of Biology and Computer Science at Tuskegee University. Each course contains contents from different subjects, traditionally considered to be virtually independent of each other. The courses have contents from biology, computer science, statistics, mathematics and biochemistry. The first two courses, Introduction to Bioscience Computing and Biological Algorithms & Data Structures, cover the computing and computer science fundamentals necessary for the informed use of bioinformatics tools. The third is an introductory course in bioinformatics. The focus was on teaching the effective use of bioinformatics tools, as compared to development of bioinformatics tools which is more relevant at the graduate level. Administrative issues encountered are also discussed. This work was supported by a NSF HBCU-UP grant.
On some applications of subordination and superordination of multivalent functions involving the extended fractional differintegral operator
Ali Muhammad
Le Matematiche , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper, we apply fractional differintegral operator and study various properties of differential subordination and superordination.
On differential subordinations and argument inequalities associated with the generalized hypergeometric functions
Ali Muhammad
Le Matematiche , 2011,
Abstract: The main object of this paper is to derive several interesting argument properties of a linear operator H_{p,q,s}^{m,μ}(α ) associated with the generalized hypergeometric functions.
MATERNAL AND FETAL OUTCOME
MUHAMMAD ALI
The Professional Medical Journal , 2005,
Abstract: Objective: To find the maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality in elective versus emergencycaesarean section. Design: Prospective Setting: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Unit-III, Nishtar Hospital, Multan.Period: One year. Material and methods: 150 patients who underwent caesarean section were evaluated for maternaland fetal complications. Results: Overall intra-operative complications rate was 8.67%. 12 out of 13 complicationsoccurred in emergency group. Postoperative complication was 34.66% and out of it emergency versus elective were90.38% vs 9.62% respectively. Similarly maternal mortality was 666/100,000 in emergency group. Fetal complicationswere also higher in emergency group in this study i.e. 22.2% vs 10.86% in emergency vs elective group. Similarlyprenatal morbidity was 15.04% in emergency group vs 8.10% in elective group. Fetal outcome was 100% in electivevs 94.69% in emergency caesarean section group. In one year period of study caesarean birth rate turned out as17.56% which is quite comparable to the rate in western countries but the rate does not reflect true caesarean birthin a given population because of the fact that this hospital being a tertiary referral center drains only complicated casesof the wide spread area of south Punjab. Higher incidence of caesarean birth can be reduced without increasing themorbidity and mortality. Furthermore, proper sterilization and prophylactic antibodies can reduce the infectious morbidityafter both emergency and elective caesarean section. Conclusions: Higher incidence of emergency caesarean sectionis a major contribution for increased rate of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality in caesarean deliveries. This canbe reduced by improving the quality and availability of antenatal care of masses. We can also reduce the incidenceof caesarean birth without increasing perinatal morbidity and mortality.
ULTRASONOGRAPHY
MUHAMMAD ALI
The Professional Medical Journal , 2005,
Abstract: Objective: To find the value of ultrasound in the management of first trimester vaginal bleeding.Material and Methods: All patients reporting with vaginal bleeding in obstetrics and gynaecology Unit-III, NishtarHospital, Multan were included in the study. Non-pregnant patients and patients with vaginal bleeding due to the causeother than conception were excluded. After history, clinical examination and pregnancy test, ultrasonography was donewith abdominal convex probe (3.5 Mhz) and/or vaginal (5 Mhz) probe to every patient. Results: Overall incidence offirst trimester vaginal bleeding was 12.23%. Disparity between clinical and ultrasonic diagnosis was 17.3% in casesof incomplete abortion, 11.6% in cases of inevitable abortion, 9.7% in cases of threatened abortion, 3.8% in cases ofmissed abortion and 1.9% in cases of blighted ovum and 1.9% in cases of molar pregnancy. The confirmation ofdiagnosis after histopathology of surgically obtained specimen revealed least percentage of misdiagnosis on ultrasoundevaluation. While in ectopic pregnancy no disparity found on clinical, ultrasonographic and surgical results, but it wasmisleading as only late cases with ruptured ectopic pregnancy and obvious clinical signs and symptoms were referredto the hospital. Otherwise USG would have shown increased sensitivity and specificity. Conclusion: Study hasconfirmed the superiority of USG scanning over conventional methods in earlier and more precise diagnosis and thusbetter treatment of patients having first trimester vaginal bleeding. It is more accurate, safe, non-invasive and quick indiagnosis and management. It prevents from undue surgical intervention as well as undue delay in surgery whenrequired. Once bleeding has occurred repeat pregnancy test should he ignored and better not done at all. Thus USGshould he an important diagnostic tool in every emergency unit but importance of clinical diagnosis cannot beoverlooked.
Demand and Response in Smart Grids for Modern Power System  [PDF]
Muhammad Qamar Raza, Muhammad Usman Haider, S. Muhammad Ali, Muhammad Zeeshan Rashid, Farooq Sharif
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2013.42016
Abstract:

Micro-grid plays a vital role in fulfilling the increasing demand by using distributed renewable energy resources. Demand and response technique can be broadly classified under the setup DR deployed (e.g. ISO’s/RTO’s). Demand response program can be implemented to improve power system quality, reliability and increasing demand. In modern power industry, strategic player can take more benefit from more emphasized DR study in terms of social benefit (uninterrupted power supply to consumers) and economy. This paper proposes the distributed micro-grid control and implemented control setup implemented demand response algorithm, which provides better power system reliability. This paper presents contingencies control demand and response for micro-grid. The main advantage of implementation of demand and response algorithms in Micro-grids provides reliable power supplies to consumers. The proposed micro-grid TCP/IP setup provides a chance to respond the contingencies to recover the shed to active condition. Micro-grid controller implements demand and response algorithm reasonable for managing the demand of the load and intelligent load scheme in case of blackout.

Significance of ROI Coding using MAXSHIFT Scaling applied on MRI Images in Teleradiology-Telemedicine  [PDF]
Pervez Akhtar, Muhammad Bhatti, Tariq Ali, Muhammad Muqeet
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2008, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2008.12018
Abstract: Within the expanding paradigm of medical imaging in Teleradiology-Telemedicine there is increasing demand for transmitting diagnostic medical imagery. These are usually rich in radiological contents and the associated file sizes are large which must be compressed with minimal file size to minimize transmission time and robustly coded to withstand required network medium. It has been reinforced through extensive research that the diagnostically important regions of medical images, the Region of Interest (ROI), must be compressed by lossless or near lossless algorithm while on the other hand, the background region be compressed with some loss of information but still recognizable using JPEG 2000 standard. We develop a compression model and present its application on MRI images. Applying on MRI images achieved higher compression ratio 16:1, analogously minimum transmission time, using MAXSHIFT method proved diagnostically significant and effective both objectively and subjectively.
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