Construction of electric vehicle charging station is the
premise of the popularity of electric vehicles. In this paper, electric vehicle
charging facilities planning is divided into two stages: public demonstration
stage and commercial operation stage. In public demonstration stage, This Paper
applies maximal covering model into charging station location, and then be
solved by the branch and bound method. In commercial operation stage, the
charging station’s service areas division is studied based on Voronoi diagram.
With the concerning technical restrains, an optimal planning method is
presented for newly-increased station positioning and service region division.
The method using the most greatly air circuit method and local dynamic
characteristics of Voronoi diagram guarantees the reasonable distribution of
stations. Then charging station model of optimal load allocation is established
by using M/M/c model. In the end,
the correctness and validity of the model is verified through simulation of
charging station planning.