With the improvement of early diagnosis rate for primary liver cancer (LC), the surgical treatment is more and more increasing. However, how to deal with postoperative adverse reactions, side ef- fects caused by chemotherapy and postoperative recurrence and metastasis, is one of the clinical problems. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theory and its unique system of diagnosis and treatment practices can improve postoperative and chemotherapy-induced adverse reactions. There is great significance to improve the postoperative quality of life of patients with liver cancer, and prolong survival time in LC. This paper reviewed the advances in TCM treatment research on LC postoperation in recent years and put forward problems and countermeasures, to provide a reference for better TCM treatment on LC postoperation.