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灰色预测模型及其在上海市中碳强度指数分析上的应用
Grey Forecasting Model and Its Application in Shanghai’s Middle Carbon Intensity Index Analysis
 [PDF]

严磊,
Journal of Low Carbon Economy (JLCE) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/JLCE.2013.23019
Abstract:
通过灰色系统理论,建立GM (1,1)模型对2012~2020年上海市碳强度进行预测,并研究了达成中碳强度指数减排目标的可行性。并利用灰色关联,分析了第一、二、三产业的对碳强度的影响大小,给出了减排措施。
The carbon intensity of shanghai from 2012 to 2020 is forecasted based on GM (1,1) model. Also we evaluate the possibility of achieving carbon emission reduction defined by middle carbon intensity index. The relation between primary, secondary, tertiary industry and carbon intensity is discussed by grey incidence degree. Finally, the policy of carbon emission reduction for middle carbon intensity index is given.

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从中碳强度指数看上海碳减排的足迹
Shanghai Carbon Emission Reduction Footprint, by SINO Carbon Intensity Index
 [PDF]

黄明蔚,
Sustainable Development (SD) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/SD.2013.33012
Abstract: 中碳强度指数是为全国节能减排行业提供一个以单位GDP二氧化碳排放量为载体的指数系统,可有效反应时间序列上地区碳排放强度的变化。本文从产业结构、能源强度、能源结构、政策及经济环境等几个方面,探讨了20052011年上海市碳排放强度的影响因素,并在此基础上提出了促进上海碳减排活动的建议。分析结果表明,上海市的节能目标和低碳政策,对能源结构调整、产业结构优化和能源强度下降都起到了推动作用,进而促成了近几年来上海市碳排放强度和上海市碳强度指数(Xsh,y)的持续下降。而经济危机、4万亿元刺激经济方案、以及2010年上海世博会等重大经济事件和活动,也作为独立的外部因素对Xsh,y起到了重要影响。
SINO Carbon Intensity Index is an index system which is expressed as the carbon dioxide emis- sion per GDP and is designed to promote emission reduction. The index can effectively reflect the changes on carbon emission intensity in different administrative regions in time series. This paper discusses the influenc- ing factors of carbon emission intensity of Shanghai from 2005 to 2011, based on industrial structure, energy intensity, energy structure and policy & economic environment. It outlines activities accordingly to advance emission reductions in Shanghai. The result shows that the energy-saving target and low-carbon policy of Shanghai promoted the adjustment of energy structure, the optimization of industrial structure and the de- creasing of energy intensity; and then pushed forward the declining of carbon emission intensity of Shanghai and Xsh,y in recent years. While the economic crisis, “4
从中碳强度指数看上海碳减排的足迹
Shanghai Carbon Emission Reduction in General, by SINO Carbon Intensity Index
 [PDF]

黄明蔚,
Sustainable Development (SD) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/sd.2013.34019
Abstract: 中碳强度指数是为全国节能减排行业提供一个以单位GDP二氧化碳排放量为载体的指数系统,可有效反应时间序列上地区碳排放强度的变化。本文从产业结构、能源强度、能源结构、政策及经济环境等几个方面,探讨了20052011年上海市碳排放强度的影响因素,并在此基础上提出了促进上海碳减排活动的建议。分析结果表明,上海市的节能目标和低碳政策,对能源结构调整、产业结构优化和能源强度下降都起到了推动作用,进而促成了近几年来上海市碳排放强度和上海市碳强度指数(Xsh,y)的持续下降。而经济危机、4万亿元刺激经济方案、以及2010年上海世博会等重大经济事件和活动,也作为独立的外部因素对Xsh,y起到了重要影响。SINO Carbon Intensity Index is an index system which is expressed as the carbon dioxide emission per GDP. The index can reflect the changes on carbon emission intensity in different administrative regions in time series. This paper discusses the factors of carbon emission intensity of Shanghaifrom 2005 to 2011, based on industrial structure, energy intensity, energy structure and policy & economic environment. The result shows that the energy-saving target and low-carbon policy of Shanghai promoted the energy restructuring, the optimization of industrial structure and the decreasing of energy intensity; and then pushed forward the declining of carbon emission intensity of Shanghai and Xsh,y in recent years. Major economic events and activities, such as the economic crisis, “4 Trillion Yuan Economic Stimulus Plan” and Expo 2010 Shanghai China, etc., were the independent external factors that influenced the Xsh,y obviously.
Rosenberg自尊量表中的方法因素及其相关物
Method Effects in Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale and Their Correlates
 [PDF]

, 胡杨
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2015, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2015.512100
Abstract:
Rosenberg自尊量表的因素结构仍然是学术界争论的焦点问题。本研究拟解决如下问题:量表测量的是单维还是双维结构,中国被试中是否存在正向和反向方法因素,这两种方法因素在多大程度上影响了测验的结构效度和效标关联效度,不同测量工具中的方法因素是否同质,是否可解释为一种稳定的反应风格或人格变量,中国人的自尊量表得分有哪些不同于西方人的独有特征等。对525名大学生被试测试了自尊、大五人格、一般健康等人格量表,结果发现自尊量表中的正向和反向题有相似的心理测量学性能,测量相同特质。正向和反向方法因素在中国被试中都存在,但没有破坏自尊的单维结构。反向方法因素对测验结果的影响更强。不同测量工具中的方法因素具有同质性,属于系统误差,具有高抑郁、高神经质等特征的人容易受方法因素的影响。中国被试在自尊上表现出了谦虚、含蓄,能辩证地认识积极和消极自我等东方文化的特质。
There is an ongoing debate on the use of negatively worded items in Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES) and other personality measures. This study was designed to explore the following questions: Do the five positively and five negatively worded RSES items measure one factor or two oblique factors? Do negative wording effect and positive wording effect exist in Chinese culture? If the answer is yes, to what extend do they affect structural and criterion related validity of RSES? Do negative and positive wording effect abstracted from different personality measures exhibit congruent validity? Can they be considered response style or meaningful personality variables? What features can be observed in Chinese participants that differentiate them from Western ones? 525 undergraduates were recruited and were administrated RSES, BFI, STAI, CES-D, GHQ-12, IRI, WLEIS, GWB, and MCSD. The results showed: the positively and negatively worded items in RSES perform similar psychometric properties; Method effect can be observed both in positively and negatively worded items, which are detrimental to the construct validity of RSES; When one trait factor and two method factors are defined in CTCM, close model data fit result in; In RSES the size of positive method effect is much smaller than negative method effect; Method effects in RSES and other personality measures are similar in nature; Modest bias is confirmed in the present study, Chinese people show stronger tendency to admit negative aspects of their self-concepts. As a con-clusion, balanced use of positively and negatively worded items is encouraged. Advanced statistic method should be employed to control method factors and estimate the true relationships between constructs measured by different personality measures. Chinese people are dialectical and are more modest when assessing their self-esteem.
贵州省少数民族人口展望
王朝,凤芝 ?
期刊检索-中国人口科学 , 1997,
Abstract: 本文利用全国第四次人口普查资料并进行适当调整,通过建立离散递推数学模型,对贵州少数民族人口进行了长期预测(1990-2050年)。由于篇幅限制,省略了建模过程和对有关参数进行技术处理的细节,仅对结果进行分析和判断,希望能对决策部门有一定的参考价值。
轴心受压梭形变截面钢管格构柱的弹性屈曲性能
,彦林
工程力学 , 2005,
Abstract: 梭形钢管格构柱是由若干钢管分肢以及许多横向缀管组成的变截面轴心受压构件,良好的力学特性和优美的建筑造型使其广泛应用于索膜结构、大跨度空间结构及高层结构的支承体系,它是近年来出现的一种新型的结构构件.利用有限元软件ANSYS分析了梭形三肢钢管格构柱的几何参数对其弹性屈曲荷载和屈曲模态的影响.这些几何参数包括:柱长、整体长细比、分肢钢管几何尺寸(外径和壁厚)、横向缀管几何尺寸(外径和壁厚)、横向缀管数量(或分肢长细比)等.分析结果表明,梭形格构柱在不同的结构参数下的屈曲荷载和屈曲模态与等截面柱有很大的不同,其中“S”形的屈曲模态反映了这种构件新的屈曲性能.
独立柱基础与半刚性桩复合地基共同作用分析及设计计算
新海,王长
工业建筑 , 1995, DOI: 10.13204/j.gyjz199511008
Abstract: 本文对独立桩基础与半刚性桩复合地基共同作用作了分析;同时,对独立柱基础的设计计算加以探讨。
内蒙古鄂尔多斯市大营铀矿床勘查进展
,苗爱生
地质论评 , 2013,
Abstract:
凝汽器铜管新型成膜剂的研制与应用
,李兴
热力发电 , 2008,
Abstract: 在循环水质恶化的条件下,凝结器管材hsn70[cd*2]1、hal77[cd*2]2经过短期运行后即出现结垢、腐蚀甚至穿孔。为了延长其使用寿命,研制了铜管镀膜新药剂hx[cd*2]2,并通过试验室电化学试验、现场应用进行验证,证明其效果良好。
反应风格与人格特质的关系
The Relationship between Response Styles and Personality Traits
 [PDF]

李盟,
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2016.63042
Abstract:
反应风格是指被试基于某些固定的倾向而不是基于具体的测验内容对题目做出选择。传统观点认为反应风格是一种系统的误差,而新近的观点发现反应风格很有可能是一种独特的人格变量。鉴于此,本研究在后者的视角下试图检验反应风格的类特质属性以及反应风格的影响因素。本研究采用大五人格问卷NEO-FFI以及语义反转的NEO-FFI分别对1200名高中生和1200名大学生进行了前后两次施测,时间间隔为1个月。计算两次测验中同一对题目相同答案的次数为反应风格的指标。结果发现:1) 中国被试默认肯定反应风格最多,依次是默认否定、折中、极端否定和极端肯定风格,且各种反应风格并不是独立存在的。2) 随着受教育程度的提高,各种反应风格均显著下降。性别在默认肯定风格和折中风格上主效应显著,性别与受教育程度在极端肯定风格以及折中风格上的交互作用显著。3) 各反应风格与人格特质的不同维度均存在不同程度和不同方向的相关。
Response styles refer to respondents’ systematic tendency to answer questionnaire items on some basis other than the specific item content. The traditional opinions view response styles as a kind of system error, but the new viewpoints find that the response styles are more likely to be unique personality variables. Due to this, the present study is trying to examine the trait-like properties and the effect factors of response styles in the latter perspectives. This research adopts the Big Five Personality questionnaire NEO-FFI and semantic reversal of NEO-FFI measures 1200 high school students and 1200 undergraduates twice one month in between calculating the number of the same answer at each pair of items as response styles indicators in two tests. The findings were as follows: 1) The acquiescent response style is more than other response styles in Chinese respondents, then the disacquiescence response style, midpoint response style, positive extreme response style and negative extreme response style. All kinds of response styles are not independent. 2) All response styles were significantly reduced with the higher education. The main effect of gender on the acquiescent response style and midpoint response style were significant, and the interaction effect was significant on midpoint response style and positive extreme response style. 3) Each response styles were related to personality traits at different degree and direction.
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