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OALib Journal期刊

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Human Capital Management and Future of Work; Job Creation and Unemployment: A Literature Review  [PDF]
Adamson Mukhalipi
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104859
Abstract:
An enormous amount of literature has emerged over the last few years in the context of the “human capital management”, “Future of Work” and on “Zambian Case: Job creation and unemployment”. The existing literature on the human capital management, the future of work and the Zambian case on job creation and unemployment, covers a wide range of topics. Investment in the human capital enhances performance, employee engagement, innovation and labor productivity. However, it has been observed that the future of work; technology advancement, automation in the transportation and agriculture sector might disrupt economic and social activities in developing countries including Zambia by the year 2026. Nevertheless, despite this wealth of existing studies, some important gaps remain, which should be addressed in future research: 1) Reduction on poverty levels, little is known about the margin by which poverty levels both in rural and urban areas will be reduced by 2021 considering that technological advancements and automation are expected to alter the way of doing business in service sector: transport Sector and manufacturing sector and also the agriculture sector by 2026. 2) Development strategies on human capital development to address the challenges associated with low labor productivity and how technological advancements, automation in the service sector (transportation), manufacturing sector and agriculture sector will sustain jobs that Zambian Government will have created for the locals by the year 2026. 3) Development strategies on human capital development which will ensure that most workers which enter the labor force after dropping out of school, attain basic numeracy, ICT and literacy skills by 2026. 4) Exploring measures to address wage inequality issues in view of off loading robots and use of articial intelligences on the Zambian market which could have potential to widen the gap between highly skilled expatriates and local Zambians.
Identification of N-acetylglucosaminyltranferase-IV as a modifier of Epstein-Barr virus BZLF1 activity  [PDF]
Amy L. Adamson
Open Journal of Genetics (OJGen) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojgen.2013.31001
Abstract:

Epstein-Barr virus is a prevalent human herpesvirus, with about 95% of the world’s adult population positive for anti-EBV antigen antibodies. After the initial infection and production of new virus particles, the virus may enter a latent state within a subset of cells, and therefore can remain within the host indefinitely. Epstein-Barr virus contributes to a variety of diseases, including many types of cancers. We have created a model system in Drosophila melanogaster to study the effect of expression of the Epstein-Barr virus protein BZLF1, and to identify cellular proteins that mediate BZLF1 activity. Here we present the results of a genetic screen that determined that the Drosophila melanogaster CG9384 gene (an N-acetylglucosaminyl-transferase) is a significant modulator of BZLF1 activity and EBV early lytic replication.

Undertaking Research in Other Countries: Further Considerations
Adamson Muula
PLOS Medicine , 2007, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0040187
Abstract:
Cores of production: Reactors and radioisotopes in France
Adamson,Matthew;
Dynamis , 2009, DOI: 10.4321/S0211-95362009000100012
Abstract: this paper concerns the technologies used in radioisotope production in the french atomic energy commission (the commissariat à l'energie atomique) between 1946 and 1958. particular attention is given to the various instruments used for the bombardment of isotopes, including accelerators and reactors, and their relationship with the cea's radioisotope preparation laboratories. ultimately, the vast majority of bombardments took place in research reactors. these versatile machines, and the isotopes and other materials that passed through them, act as historical tracers: they shed light on the orientation of the entire atomic system in which radioisotope production is found.
Low birth weight in relation to maternal age and multiple pregnancies at Muhimbili National Hospital
H Adamson
Dar Es Salaam Medical Students' Journal , 2007,
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the relationship between Low Birth Weight (LBW), maternal age and multiple pregnancies Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was done where by data were obtained from labor ward register books and computer database of the MNH labour ward and analyzed by using EPI-INFO version 6 computer program. Setting: Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) Results: A total of 6931 infants were studied. Prevalence of LBW and multiple births were 26.4% and 2.9% respectively. There was no significant association between age of mother with LBW although a significant association between multiple pregnancy and LBW was noted. Conclusion & Recommendations: Multiple pregnancy contribute substantially to LBW. There is a need of ensuring proper antenatal care and also highlighting the need both for basic supportive care facilities and improved disease prevention strategies.
Reflection Properties of a Biaxially Anisotropic Dielectric Film in a Long-Wavelength Approximation
Peep Adamson
PIER B , 2011, DOI: 10.2528/PIERB10090104
Abstract: The reflection of linearly polarized light from an ultrathin biaxially anisotropic dielectric film on an isotropic transparent material is investigated in the long-wavelength limit. The approximate expressions for the reflection characteristics of s- and p-polarized electromagnetic plane waves are obtained. The analytical approach developed in this paper not only provides insight into the nature of reflection problem for biaxially anisotropic ultrathin films but also furnishes the methods for resolving the inverse problem for such anisotropic layers. It is shown that a key capability of the developed analytical method is to decouple the usual correlations in the index and the thickness of ultrathin films.
The Libraries of the Neoplatonists
Peter Adamson
Aestimatio : Critical Reviews in the History of Science , 2009,
Abstract:
Translanguaging in Self-Access Language Advising: Informing Language Policy
John Adamson,Naoki Fujimoto-Adamson
Studies in Self-Access Learning Journal , 2012,
Abstract: This study investigates language advising in a self-access center (SAC) with the purpose of informing language policy. This center is located in a new Japanese university and has shifted from an initially teacher-imposed ‘English-only’ language policy into one which encourages “translanguaging” (Blackledge & Creese, 2010, p. 105) between the students’ and center advisors’ (termed as mentors in this center) L1 (Japanese) and their L2 (English). Data from audio-recordings of interaction with advisors and students and between students themselves, interviews with mentors, and student questionnaires all reveal how translanguaging occurs in practice and how it helps to create a learning space in which the “local, pragmatic coping tactics” (Lin, 2005, p. 46) of code-switching offer a more viable approach for learning than under its initial monolingual policy. Mentor interviews and student questionnaires indicate generally positive attitudes towards translanguaging; however, some students still favor an ‘English-only’ policy. Conclusions reveal that a looser language policy in the center is emerging in which mentors now guide students towards their own individualized language policies. It is argued in this paper that this “code choice” (Levine, 2011) in language use is therefore aligned more closely to the principles of student-direction in self-access use.
Protease-Mediated Maturation of HIV: Inhibitors of Protease and the Maturation Process
Catherine S. Adamson
Molecular Biology International , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/604261
Abstract: Protease-mediated maturation of HIV-1 virus particles is essential for virus infectivity. Maturation occurs concomitant with immature virus particle release and is mediated by the viral protease (PR), which sequentially cleaves the Gag and Gag-Pol polyproteins into mature protein domains. Maturation triggers a second assembly event that generates a condensed conical capsid core. The capsid core organizes the viral RNA genome and viral proteins to facilitate viral replication in the next round of infection. The fundamental role of proteolytic maturation in the generation of mature infectious particles has made it an attractive target for therapeutic intervention. Development of small molecules that target the PR active site has been highly successful and nine protease inhibitors (PIs) have been approved for clinical use. This paper provides an overview of their development and clinical use together with a discussion of problems associated with drug resistance. The second-half of the paper discusses a novel class of antiretroviral drug termed maturation inhibitors, which target cleavage sites in Gag not PR itself. The paper focuses on bevirimat (BVM) the first-in-class maturation inhibitor: its mechanism of action and the implications of naturally occurring polymorphisms that confer reduced susceptibility to BVM in phase II clinical trials. 1. Introduction Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) is the causative agent of the worldwide Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) epidemic. Approximately 34 million people were estimated to be living with HIV at the end of 2010. The number of people infected is a consequence of continued large numbers of new HIV-1 infections together with a reduction in AIDS-related deaths due to a significant expansion in access to antiretroviral drug therapy [1]. In the absence of an effective vaccine or cure, antiviral drugs are currently the only treatment option available to HIV-infected patients. Therapeutic regimes commonly termed HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) suppress viral replication but do not eradicate the virus; therefore, treatment must be administered on a lifelong basis [2, 3]. HAART consists of the simultaneous use of a combination of three or four different antiretroviral drugs. This combinational approach is required due to the ease with which HIV-1 can acquire drug resistance to a single drug administered as monotherapy [3, 4]. Drug resistance arises due to the high degree of HIV-1 genetic diversity within the virus population (quasi-species) infecting an individual patient. This genetic
On Evidence in Support of Male Circumcision in HIV Prevention: What Next?
Adamson Sinjani Muula
PLOS Medicine , 2006, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0030066
Abstract:
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