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Entre la dolarización y la devaluación: la crisis de la convertibilidad en Argentina
Basualdo , Eduardo
Iconos : Revista de Ciencias Sociales , 2002,
Abstract:
El sacrificio freudiano
Basualdo Carina
Desde el Jardín de Freud , 2010,
Abstract: El artículo extrae diferentes contenidos conceptuales de la noción de “sacrificio” en la obra freudiana y sostiene que es la “comida totémica” el paradigma del sacrificio freudiano. En un segundo tiempo, y apoyándose en ciertas referencias de Lacan, se sitúa la propia relación de Freud con la operatoria sacrificial, particularmente en el contexto de la muerte del padre. Palabras clave: comida totémica, parricidio, renuncia pulsional, sacrificio, verdad histórica. Abstract This article extracts a number of conceptual contents from the notion of “sacrifice” in the Freudian corpus, and maintains that the paradigm of Freudian sacrifice is the “totemic meal,” In the second place, and finding support in certain references by Lacan, Freud’s own relationship with the sacrificial operation is situated, particularly in the context of the death of the father. Keywords: historical truth, parricide, pulsional renouncement, sacrifice, totemic meal. Résumé Différents contenus conceptuels sont ici extraits de la notion de sacrifice présente dans l’oeuvre freudienne. De même, l’article pose le repas totémique comme paradigme du sacrifice freudien. Après, le rapport de Freud à l’opératoire sacrificiel est placé, à l’aide de certaines références de Lacan, au contexte de la mort du père. Mots-clés : parricide, renonce pulsionnelle, repas totémique, sacrifice, vérité historique.
El agro pampeano: sustento económico y social del actual conflicto en la Argentina
Basualdo,Eduardo M;
Cuadernos del Cendes , 2008,
Abstract: this paper aims to elucidate the structural factors and social alliances in the conflict between the argentinean government and the organizations of the pampean farmers in the wake of the new export taxes on grains, a policy put into effect in march 2007 and canceled this year. on the one hand, the technological and productive changes (especially the convergence of transgenic soybeans and direct sowing), that exacerbate the economies of scale in the pampean agricultural sector. on the other hand, the predominance of big landowners and the increase of leasing amid small and medium landholders. the combination of both processes resulted in brand new alliances in a context of high grain prices in the international markets.
Los primeros gobiernos peronistas y la consolidación del país industrial: éxitos y fracasos*
Basualdo,Eduardo M;
Cuadernos del Cendes , 2005,
Abstract: abstract the emergence of peronism in argentina (1945-1955) is a fundamental event in the country?s history. this moment signals the access of workers to a previously unknown economic and institutional situation that develops a new popular sectors? identity lasting for many decades. this economic, social and political integration of the working class was made possible by the consolidation of industrialization as the axis of economic activity in argentina. nevertheless, the peronist governments couldn?t fully integrate the local industrial structure through the incorporation of heavy industry. this paper analyses the reasons for such a failure, discussing if they lie in the redistribution of income towards workers or in the high profit rates obtained by the industrial sector
Choosing the best non-parametric richness estimator for benthic macroinvertebrates databases
Basualdo,Carola V.;
Revista de la Sociedad Entomol?3gica Argentina , 2011,
Abstract: non-parametric estimators allow to compare the estimates of richness among data sets from heterogeneous sources. however, since the estimator performance depends on the species-abundance distribution of the sample, preference for one or another is a difficult issue. the present study recovers and revalues some criteria already present in the literature in order to choose the most suitable estimator for streams macroinvertebrates, and provides some tools to apply them. two abundance and four incidence estimators were applied to a regional database at family and genus level. they were evaluated under four criteria: sub-sample size required to estimate the observed richness; constancy of the sub-sample size; lack of erratic behavior and similarity in curve shape through different data sets. among incidence estimators, jack1 had the best performance. between abundance estimators, ace was the best when the observed richness was small and chao1 when the observed richness was high. the uniformity of curves shapes allowed to describe the general sequences of curves behavior that could act as references to compare estimations of small databases and to infer the possible behavior of the curve (i.e the expected richness) if the sample were larger. these results can be very useful for environmental management, and update the state of knowledge of regional macroinvertebrates.
Choosing the best non-parametric richness estimator for benthic macroinvertebrates databases Eligiendo el mejor estimador no paramétrico para calcular riqueza en bases de datos de macroinvertebrados bentónicos
Carola V. Basualdo
Revista de la Sociedad Entomol?3gica Argentina , 2011,
Abstract: Non-parametric estimators allow to compare the estimates of richness among data sets from heterogeneous sources. However, since the estimator performance depends on the species-abundance distribution of the sample, preference for one or another is a difficult issue. The present study recovers and revalues some criteria already present in the literature in order to choose the most suitable estimator for streams macroinvertebrates, and provides some tools to apply them. Two abundance and four incidence estimators were applied to a regional database at family and genus level. They were evaluated under four criteria: sub-sample size required to estimate the observed richness; constancy of the sub-sample size; lack of erratic behavior and similarity in curve shape through different data sets. Among incidence estimators, Jack1 had the best performance. Between abundance estimators, ACE was the best when the observed richness was small and Chao1 when the observed richness was high. The uniformity of curves shapes allowed to describe the general sequences of curves behavior that could act as references to compare estimations of small databases and to infer the possible behavior of the curve (i.e the expected richness) if the sample were larger. These results can be very useful for environmental management, and update the state of knowledge of regional macroinvertebrates. Los estimadores no paramétricos permiten comparar la riqueza estimada de conjuntos de datos de origen diverso. Empero, como su comportamiento depende de la distribución de abundancia del conjunto de datos, la preferencia por alguno representa una decisión difícil. Este trabajo rescata algunos criterios presentes en la literatura para elegir el estimador más adecuado para macroinvertebrados bentónicos de ríos y ofrece algunas herramientas para su aplicación. Cuatro estimadores de incidencia y dos de abundancia se aplicaron a un inventario regional a nivel de familia y género. Para su evaluación se consideró: el tama o de submuestra para estimar la riqueza observada, la constancia de ese tama o de submuestra, la ausencia de comportamiento errático y la similitud en la forma de la curva entre los distintos conjuntos de datos. Entre los estimadores de incidencia, el mejor fue Jack1; entre los de abundancia, ACE para muestras de baja riqueza y Chao1, para las de alta riqueza. La forma uniforme de las curvas permitió describir secuencias generales de comportamiento, que pueden utilizarse como referencia para comparar curvas de peque as muestras e inferir su comportamiento -y riqueza- probable, si la
El agro pampeano: sustento económico y social del actual conflicto en la Argentina
Eduardo M Basualdo
Cuadernos del Cendes , 2008,
Abstract: Este trabajo intenta esclarecer los factores estructurales y las alianzas sociales presentes en el conflicto entre el Gobierno argentino y las organizaciones del agro pampeano, a raíz del nuevo régimen de retenciones a las exportaciones de granos puesto en marcha en marzo de 2007 y derogado durante el presente a o. Por un lado, las transformaciones tecnológicas y productivas (especialmente la conjugación de la soja transgénica y la siembra directa) y la privatización de los servicios públicos, que exacerbaron las economías de escala en el agro pampeano. Por otra parte, el predominio de los grandes terratenientes y la expansión del arrendamiento entre los peque os y medianos propietarios. La combinación de ambos procesos dio como resultado alianzas sectoriales inéditas en un contexto de elevados precios de los granos en el mercado internacional. This paper aims to elucidate the structural factors and social alliances in the conflict between the Argentinean government and the organizations of the pampean farmers in the wake of the new export taxes on grains, a policy put into effect in March 2007 and canceled this year. On the one hand, the technological and productive changes (especially the convergence of transgenic soybeans and direct sowing), that exacerbate the economies of scale in the pampean agricultural sector. On the other hand, the predominance of big landowners and the increase of leasing amid small and medium landholders. The combination of both processes resulted in brand new alliances in a context of high grain prices in the international markets.
Los primeros gobiernos peronistas y la consolidación del país industrial: éxitos y fracasos*
Eduardo M Basualdo
Cuadernos del Cendes , 2005,
Abstract: La irrupción del peronismo en la Argentina (1945-1955) es un hito fundamental en la historia argentina porque se ala el momento en que los trabajadores acceden a una situación económica e institucional desconocida hasta ese momento, conformándose una identidad de los sectores populares que perdurará a lo largo de muchas décadas. Esta integración económica, social y política de la clase trabajadora fue posible por la consolidación de la industrialización como el eje prioritario de la actividad económica. Sin embargo, esos gobiernos no lograron integrar la estructura industrial mediante la incorporación de la industria pesada. En este trabajo se indaga si las causas de ese fracaso radicaron en la redistribución del ingreso hacia los trabajadores o en las elevadas tasas de rentabilidad que obtuvieron los propios empresarios industriales Abstract The emergence of Peronism in Argentina (1945-1955) is a fundamental event in the country’s history. This moment signals the access of workers to a previously unknown economic and institutional situation that develops a new popular sectors’ identity lasting for many decades. This economic, social and political integration of the working class was made possible by the consolidation of industrialization as the axis of economic activity in Argentina. Nevertheless, the Peronist governments couldn’t fully integrate the local industrial structure through the incorporation of heavy industry. This paper analyses the reasons for such a failure, discussing if they lie in the redistribution of income towards workers or in the high profit rates obtained by the industrial sector
Neoliberalismo y sectores dominantes Tendencias globales y experiencias nacionales
Eduardo M Basualdo,Enrique Arceo
Cuadernos del Cendes , 2006,
Abstract:
Improvements on Noninvasive Blood Glucose Biosensors Using Wavelets for Quick Fault Detection
Germán Campetelli,David Zumoffen,Marta Basualdo
Journal of Sensors , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/368015
Abstract: Noninvasive blood glucose sensors are still under development stage considering that they are far from being suitable for use in anartificial pancreas. The latter has three main parts: the blood glucose sensor, the insulin pump and the controller. However, for the biosensor analyzed here, some common failures such as signal shifts and unreal picks were found. They must be taken into account, for computing the correct insulin dosage for diabetic persons. Hence, a fault detection system based on discrete wavelets transform (DWT) is applied here. The main idea is, when the fault occurs, to do a proper measurement compensation for sending the corrected value to the predictive functional controller (PFC) algorithm. The study is done by reproducing the fault on the blood glucose measurements. They are obtained from a mathematical model of the endocrine system of an adult diabetic patient. This model was approved by the FDA in 2008. Then, the simulation environment includes faulty blood glucose measurements and a fault diagnosis and identification (FDI) system based on DWT. The FDI system gives to the PFC algorithm the correct information to turn it into a fault-tolerant controller (FTC). The main goal is to deliver the correct insulin dosage to the patient. 1. Introduction Diabetes mellitus is a disease that often causes difficulties to maintain a normal level of blood glucose concentration in a patient, mainly because either insufficient insulin is produced by the beta cells in the pancreas, or the body is unable to effectively utilize that insulin. The problem is that high blood glucose levels induce secondary complications, such as nephropathy and retinopathy, and low levels lead to hypoglycaemic events, which can lead to insulin shock as well as death. It is a very frequent chronic disease that in the last years has reached the proportion of an epidemy. The prevalence of diabetes for all age groups worldwide was estimated to be 7.8% by 2030 by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF Diabetes Atlas). The total number of people with diabetes is projected to rise from 171 million in 2000 to 439 million by 2030. Nowadays, to treat this disease, diabetic patients measure their blood glucose content by pricking their fingers several times a day and inject doses of insulin accordingly. From a control point of view, this is an open-loop method that tries to correct blood glucose no more than 6 times a day, usually before having a meal. The way that an artificial pancreas is thought to regulate glucose content in blood in real time by is just as the healthy
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