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Naghan (Chahar Mahal Bakhtiari-High Zagros, Iran) Earthquake of 6 april 1977. A preliminary field report and a seismotectonic discussion
M. BERBERIAN,I. NAVAI
Annals of Geophysics , 1978, DOI: 10.4401/ag-4741
Abstract: The Naghan earthquake of magnitude 6 (Ms) occurred on 6 April 1977 in the mountanious area of Chahar Mahal Bakhtiari in the High Zagros, south of Shahr-e-Kord. It killed 348 people, injured about 200, and caused destruction over an area of 150 Km2. The shock damaged beyond repair 2,100 houses and killed 0.7°/o of livestock in the area; eight schools collapsed and 37 were damaged. The maximum intensity ot' the main shock did not exceed VIII (MM). The earthquake was associated neither with any fresh surface faulting, nor with reactivation of the existing faults and salt domes at surface. Heavy rain fell before and during the earthquake and the destruction was more extensive where the saturated clay content of the alluvium was higher; it was also more extensive in water-logged areas or the areas with a shallower water table. Landslides occurred on steep slopes and destroyed or damaged some villages built on slopes. Several aftershocks caused additional damage to the already destroyed or damaged villages. The Naghan earthquake was another instance of the subsedimentary Zagros-Type Earthquake in the High Zagros part of the Zagros Active Folded Belt, indicating that the re-adjustment of the unexposed metamorphosed Precambrian Basement at depth caused no tectonic deformation (surface faulting) at the top of the sedimentary cover. This was due to the presence of the Upper Precambrian Hormoz layers (Salt deposits) acting as a slippage zone along the decollement surface of the Zagros at depth.
Co-educa o entre gera es: do conflito ao desenvolvimento da solidariedade
Ana Paula Berberian,Giselle Massi
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/s1516-80342007000300015
Abstract:
The Salmas (Iran) earthquake of May 6th, 1930
J. S. TCHALENKO,M. BERBERIAN
Annals of Geophysics , 1974, DOI: 10.4401/ag-4919
Abstract: Field investigations and bibliographical research into the little-known but important Salmas earthquake in Northwest Azarbaijan (Iran) provided the following results. The morning before the earthquake, a foreshock (Mb — 5.4) centered, as the main shock, in the Salmas Plain, killed about 25 people and incited a great part of the population to spend the following night out of doors. The main shock (Mb = 7.3) occurred the following night, on 6 May 1930 at 22h34m27s GMT and destroyed about 60 villages and 40 churches, killing about 2514 people, both in the Salmas Plain and in the surrounding mountains. Its macroseismic epicentre was at approximately 3S.15N 44.70E. The main shock was associated with 2 surface faults, with a maximum horizontal displacement of 4 m and vertical displacement of over 5 m; the combined action of these faults was a relative lowering, and a displacement to the east, of the Salmas Plain. Two days later, the strongest aftershock destroyed one village at the northern edge of the Salmas Plain.
Impacto del cambio climático en las enfermedades infecciosas
Berberian,Griselda; Rosanova,María Teresa;
Archivos argentinos de pediatr?-a , 2012, DOI: 10.5546/aap.2012.39
Abstract: las infecciones en el hombre están íntimamente relacionadas con el medio ambiente, en especial aquellas transmitidas por vectores, aguas y alimentos. el cambio ambiental tiene un gran potencial de selección de distintas enfermedades infecciosas, lo cual favorece la aparición de epidemias. a pesar de ello, establecer una relación directa causa-efecto, clima-enfermedad, no resulta sencillo debido a su condición multifactorial. por ese motivo se han desarrollado distintos modelos epidemiológicos predictivos teóricos, con el objetivo de determinar el grado de sensibilidad de las distintas enfermedades a las variaciones climáticas y su relación con los brotes infecciosos para poder así implementar medidas preventivas.
Surdez e linguagem escrita: um estudo de caso
Guarinello, Ana Cristina;Massi, Giselle;Berberian, Ana Paula;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Especial , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-65382007000200005
Abstract: considering sign language as deaf peoples' first language, it is possible to conceive of the insertion of the deaf into the written world. this work aims to analyze the written productions of a deaf child during his initiation into literacy. we view language as a dialogic activity, as social and historic production, that enables constitution of individuals and their language. five written texts produced between 1998 and 2002 were analyzed. these were produced by a deaf subject, r, together with his speech and language therapist. it is important to clarify that this professional was fluent in sign language, and she acted as an interpreter and interlocutor, emphasizing language as interaction and interfering in written productions when requested. during the years she worked with r, it was seen that he started to reflect upon his written production and that his attitudes towards writing changed. the fact that r and his speech and language therapist shared sign language allowed him to talk about his life and experiences; this material was then taken down as written language. thus, r started to use written language with crossovers and juxtapositions of the two languages he used: portuguese and sign language. writting became an added possibility that could reveal his uniqueness as an individual, enabling him to rebuild the history of his relations to language.
A clínica fonoaudiológica e a linguagem escrita: estudo de caso
Guarinello, Ana Cristina;Massi, Giselle;Berberian, Ana Paula;
Revista CEFAC , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462008000100006
Abstract: purpose: supposing that the linguistic activity constitute the subject, this work aims to discuss the written appropriation process, in a language clinic, from the relation that the apprentice establish with the speech language therapist. methods: one clinic case of a subject to whom reading and writing were distant from the conventional orthographic rules was analyzed. after speech language therapy evaluation, the written language productions seem to be distant from the orthographic conventions. results: language therapy was efficient for the appropriation of the written language, as during the treatment the complaints were surpassed. conclusion: through the construction of the written language between the speech language therapist and the subject of this research, the first one could be noted as someone who is capable to use written language meaningfully.
Uso de linezolid para el tratamiento de recién nacidos con infecciones por Enterococcus faecium resistentes a la vancomicina Linezolid for the treatment of newborns infected with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium
G. Berberian,G. Castro,S. Fistolera,M. Travaglianti
Revista argentina de microbiolog?-a , 2009,
Abstract: Se presentan pacientes internados en el Servicio de Neonatología del Hospital de Pediatría "Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan" tratados con linezolid por infecciones por Enterococcus faecium resistentes a vancomicina. El linezolid mostró buena eficacia clínica y seguridad en este grupo etáreo. Five patients hospitalized in the neonatal unit between 2002 and 2007, infected with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium treated with linezolid are presented in this study. This antibiotic showed good clinical efficacy and safety, since no adverse events occured in this group of patients.
Transparent Electrode Materials for Simultaneous Amperometric Detection of Exocytosis and Fluorescence Microscopy  [PDF]
Kassandra Kisler, Brian N. Kim, Xin Liu, Khajak Berberian, Qinghua Fang, Cherian J. Mathai, Shubhra Gangopadhyay, Kevin D. Gillis, Manfred Lindau
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2012.322030
Abstract: We have developed and tested transparent microelectrode arrays capable of simultaneous amperometric measurement of oxidizable molecules and fluorescence imaging through the electrodes. Surface patterned microelectrodes were fabricated from three different conducting materials: Indium-tin-oxide (ITO), nitrogen-doped diamond-like carbon (DLC) deposited on top of ITO, or very thin (12 - 17 nm) gold films on glass substrates. Chromaffin cells loaded with lysotracker green or acridine orange dye were placed atop the electrodes and vesicle fluorescence imaged with total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy while catecholamine release from single vesicles was measured as amperometric spikes with the surface patterned electrodes. Electrodes fabricated from all three materials were capable of detecting amperometric signals with high resolution. Unexpectedly, amperometric spikes recorded with ITO electrodes had only about half the amplitude and about half as much charge as those detected with DLC or gold electrodes, indicating that the ITO electrodes are not as sensitive as gold or DLC electrodes for measurement of quantal catecholamine release. The lower sensitivity of ITO electrodes was confirmed by chronoamperometry measurements comparing the currents in the presence of different analytes with the different electrode materials.
Automation Technology and Sense of Control: A Window on Human Agency
Bruno Berberian, Jean-Christophe Sarrazin, Patrick Le Blaye, Patrick Haggard
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034075
Abstract: Previous studies have shown that the perceived times of voluntary actions and their effects are perceived as shifted towards each other, so that the interval between action and outcome seems shortened. This has been referred to as ‘intentional binding’ (IB). However, the generality of this effect remains unclear. Here we demonstrate that Intentional Binding also occurs in complex control situations. Using an aircraft supervision task with different autopilot settings, our results first indicated a strong relation between measures of IB and different levels of system automation. Second, measures of IB were related to explicit agency judgement in this applied setting. We discuss the implications for the underlying mechanisms, and for sense of agency in automated environments.
Linfadenitis por micobacterias en pediatría
Berberian,Griselda; Santillán Iturrez,Alejandro; Casimir,Lidia; Rosanova,María Teresa;
Archivos argentinos de pediatr?-a , 2005,
Abstract: lymphadenitis is a common problem in children and adolescents. mycobacteria are an important cause of lymphadenitis. in the usa and europe, lymphadenitis due to atypical mycobacteria are more common in children younger than 5 years old. it is important to assess the epidemiology of mycobacterial lymphadenitis for every country. population, material and methods. all patients admitted to the hospital de pediatría j.p. garrahan from january 1989 to december 2001, between one month and 18 years of age, with lymphadenitis with positive cultures for mycobacteria were included. results. twenty nine patients were included. seventy percent were female. the median age was 101 months (r: 7-228 months). 24 patients (83%) were normal hosts. systemic syntoms were present in 15 (52%). the median time from the onset of the disease to diagnosis was 60 days. sixteen patients had received previous antibiotics. cervical localization was seen most frequently in 22 patients (75%). lung involvment was detected in 15 (94%). ppd was positive in 12 (41%). vsg was accelerated in 21 patients (73%). complete excision of the enlarged lymph node was performed in 23 patients (80%), and needle biopsy in 6. in 21 (72%), the causative mycobacterium could be cultured in the lymph node alone. mycobacterium tuberculosis was isolated in 25 patients (86%). all strains were sensitive to first-line drugs. mycobacterium aviumintracellulare was isolated in 3 patients. outcome was good in all cases. conclusions. cervical localization was the most frequent. mycobacterium tuberculosis was the most common pathogen in all ages.
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