oalib

OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721

费用:99美元

投稿

匹配条件: “Bettcher” ,找到相关结果约11条。
列表显示的所有文章,均可免费获取
第1页/共11条
每页显示
Berkeley's dualistic ontology
Bettcher,Talia Mae;
An??lisis filos?3fico , 2008,
Abstract: in this paper i defend the view that berkeley endorses a spirit-idea dualism, and i explain what this dualism amounts to. central to the discussion is berkeley's claim that spirits and ideas are "entirely distinct." taken as a cartesian real distinction, the "entirely distinct" claim seems to be at odds with berkeley's view that spirits are substances that support ideas by perceiving them. this has led commentators to deflate berkeley's notion of "entire distinction" by reading it as analogous to the categorical distinction between substance and accident. i argue that rather than taking berkeley's notion of "entire distinction" in either of these ways (as a "real distinction" or else a mere categorical distinction between substance and accident), it ought to be understood as insisting upon a radical dissimilitude between spirits and ideas. this dissimilitude requires that ideas cannot be viewed as analogous to modes or accidents which inhere in a substance. moreover, spirits and ideas cannot be understood in terms of a single, gradated scale of reality. instead, for berkeley spirits and ideas occupy two entirely different scales of reality and consequently the very term 'thing' applies to them in different (non-analogical) senses. in this way, berkeley endorses a severe dualism that occurs at the highest level of his ontology.
Tobacco control in tobacco-producing countries
Guindon Emmanuel,Bettcher Douglas
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2001,
Abstract:
Aspectos epidemiológicos da ocorrência do Enterococcus resistente a Vancomicina
Oliveira, Adriana Cristina;Bettcher, Ledna;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342010000300025
Abstract: this descriptive study was conducted in a public hospital from may 2005 to october 2007, with the purpose to determine the epidemiological aspects that involve vancomycin-resistant enterococci (vre) and describe the evolution of patients. |the data was obtained from registers on patient records and then processed in spss. frequency distribution and measures of central tendency were used. a total 122 patients participated of the study, the majority were males with an average age of 43 years (sd= 18.8), and 16.3% developed vre infection. vancomycin has been the most used antibiotic (62,3%), 97.5% used invasive procedures, 45.0% were dependent on intensive care nursing, 77.9% had at least one open wound and 50.8% progressed to death. the data suggests that recommendations for bacterial resistance control should be encouraged to reduce mortality, morbidity, hospital costs and thus provide better quality care to patients.
WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: a global ??good?? for public health
Taylor,Allyn L.; Bettcher,Douglas W.;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862000000700010
Abstract: although the application of legal instruments to international health issues - relative to other areas of international concern - is still at a rudimentary stage of development, the transnational health impacts of globalization provide a rationale for the codification and implementation of global norms to deal with shared problems. the experience of promulgating international agreements in other areas closely related to international health - the environment, for example - demonstrates how evidence-based international agreements can effectively address a range of problems that cross national boundaries. the framework convention-protocol approach is a legally binding, incremental approach to international law-making that has frequently been employed to deal with environmental threats, and is now being adapted to serve purely public health ends. experience with the recently initiated who framework convention on tobacco control provides a case study of how transnational public health problems can be addressed by an international legal approach. scientific evidence in public health and economics has provided the foundation for the elaboration of this evidence-based strategy. the present tobacco epidemic poses a range of transnational challenges that are best addressed through coordinated action. in this article, it is argued that the proposed convention has the potential to be a global ??good?? for public health - i.e. it has the potential to yield important global public health benefits - and that it represents a test case for more active involvement of the public health community in international law-making.
International law and public health
Taylor Allyn L.,Bettcher Douglas W.
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2002,
Abstract:
Posoqoypata, un cementerio wari en el valle de Ayacucho, Perú
Valdez, Lidio,Valdez, Ernesto,Bettcher, Katrina
Bulletin de l'Institut Francais d'études Andines , 2001,
Abstract: POSOQOYPATA, UN CIMETIèRE WARI DE LA VALLEE D AYACUCHO, PEROU. Nous avons récemment effectué un travail de sauvetage arquéologique dans un cimetière Wari de la vallée d Ayacucho, ce qui a permis la mise à jour de deux formes mortuaires totalement nouvelles pour la région, et pour la culture Wari plus précisemment. La première consiste en une chambre funéraire de forme rectangulaire, avec un accès orienté à l Est, et qui contenait les restes de plusieurs individus. La seconde est une petite sépulture en pierres de forme cylindrique qui contenait les restes d un individu. Ce texte décrit les deux formes mortuaires et les compare avec les structures mortuaires Wari fouillées jusqu à aujourd hui dans la vallée d Ayacucho. étant donné qu il est évident que la première forme mortuaire a été accessible, nous discutons ici les conséquences possibles pour l adoration du corps des ancêtres, qui étaient conservés dans des structures mortuaires accessibles, cet élément étant considéré comme un aspect important de l ayllu de l époque Inka. Recientemente efectuamos un trabajo de rescate arqueológico en un cementerio Wari en el valle de Ayacucho. Dicho trabajo permitió el descubrimiento de formas mortuarias totalmente novedosas para la región y para la cultura Wari en particular. La primera consiste en una cámara funeraria de forma rectangular, con un acceso orientado hacia el lado este, y que contenía los restos de varios individuos. La segunda tiene la forma de una peque a cista de forma cilíndrica que contenía los restos de un individuo. En este ensayo describimos ambas formas mortuarias y comparamos con las estructuras mortuarias Wari excavadas a la fecha en el valle de Ayacucho. Por cuanto la primera forma mortuaria fue evidentemente accesible, también discutimos sus posibles implicancias en torno a la adoración del cuerpo de los ancestros. Esto considerando que un aspecto importante del ayllu de la época Inka fue la adoración del cuerpo de los ancestros, los mismos que eran guardados en estructuras mortuarias accesibles. POSOQOYPATA, A WARI CEMETERY IN THE AYACUCHO VALLEY, PERU. Recently we carried out an archaeological salvage excavation at a Wari cemetery in the Ayacucho Valley of central Peru. This intervention resulted in the discovery of two totally new mortuary structure forms for the region and the Wari culture in particular. The first form is a rectangular mortuary chamber, with a small east-facing entrance, where the remains of several individuals were found. The second form is a cylindrical cist built to contain the remains of one individual. In this e
Global trade and health: key linkages and future challenges
Bettcher,Douglas W.; Yach,Derek; Guindon,G. Emmanuel;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862000000400016
Abstract: globalization of trade, marketing and investment has important implications for public health, both negative and positive. this article considers the implications of the single package of world trade organization (wto) agreements for public health research and policy, focusing on three themes: commodities, intellectual property rights, and health services. the main aims of the analysis are as follows: to identify how trade issues are associated with the transnationalization of health risks and possible benefits; to identify key areas of research; and to suggest policy-relevant advice and interventions on trade and health issues. the next wave of international trade law will need to take more account of global public health issues. however, to become more engaged in global trade debates, the public health community must gain an understanding of the health effects of global trade agreements. it must also ensure that its own facts are correct, so that public health is not blindly used for political ends, such as justifying unwarranted economic protectionism. ??healthy trade?? policies, based on firm empirical evidence and designed to improve health status, are an important step towards reaching a more sustainable form of trade liberalization.
PRáCTICAS MORTUORIAS WARI EN MARAYNIYOQ, VALLE DE AYACUCHO, PERú
Valdez,Lidio M; Williams,Jocelyn S; Bettcher,Katrina J;
Chungará (Arica) , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562006000100009
Abstract: results are presented from the analysis of human remains excavated from two mortuary structures at the site of wari of marayniyoq in the ayacucho valley, peru. until very recently, wari mortuary studies were aimed mostly at the analysis of the mortuary structures, paying little attention to the human remains. this study of osteological remains from two wari mortuary structures revealed not only a large population lived at the site of marayniyoq, but that the structures held individuals of all ages and both sexes. they conclude that during the wari reign diverse forms of burial were practiced in the valley, and some were used for generations, resulting in an accumulation of numerous remains in the relatively small mortuary structures. finally the evidence from marayniyoq is used to elaborate on the population profile of the deposit, which clearly indicates a high infant mortality rate
PRODUCTION OF MAIZE BEER AT A WARI SITE IN THE AYACUCHO VALLEY, PERU (Producción de bebida fermentada en un sitio Wari del valle de Ayacucho, Perú)
Lidio M. Valdez,Katrina J. Bettcher,J. Ernesto Valdez
Arqueología Iberoamericana , 2010,
Abstract: Alcohol consumption is not just a current phenomenon; archaeological findings demonstrate that many ancient civilizations around the world also made fermented beverages from a variety of products, including maize. However, the archaeological study of fermented beverages is not straightforward because the raw materials used in alcohol production are recovered only under exceptional conditions of preservation and the equipment remains are fragmentary. In this paper, our aim is to consider how ethnographical and ethnohistorical data may be used to better interpret the potential archaeological evidence for the production of fermented beverages. Here we use as an example the Middle Horizon site of Marayniyoq, from the Peruvian central highlands to discuss the production of fermented beverages. ESPA OL: El consumo del alcohol no es un fenómeno actual; la evidencia arqueológica demuestra que muchas de las antiguas civilizaciones alrededor del mundo también produjeron bebidas fermentadas de una variedad de productos, incluido el maíz. Sin embargo, el estudio arqueológico de las bebidas fermentadas no siempre es directo debido a que la materia prima se recupera sólo ocasionalmente y bajo condiciones excepcionales, mientras que los instrumentos y utensilios empleados en dicha producción son fragmentarios. En este trabajo, es nuestra intención destacar cómo evidencia etnográfica y datos ethnohistóricos pueden ser útiles para una mejor interpretación de la evidencia arqueológica relacionada con la producción de bebidas fermentadas en el pasado. Aquí utilizamos la evidencia proveniente del sitio de Marayniyoq, perteneciente al Horizonte Medio y ubicado en la sierra central del Perú como un ejemplo para discutir la producción de las bebidas fermentadas.
PRáCTICAS MORTUORIAS WARI EN MARAYNIYOQ, VALLE DE AYACUCHO, PERú WARI MORTUARY PRACTICES AT MARAYNIYOQ, AYACUCHO VALLEY, PERU
Lidio M Valdez,Jocelyn S Williams,Katrina J Bettcher
Chungará (Arica) - Revista de Antropología Chilena , 2006,
Abstract: Se presentan los resultados del análisis de los restos óseos humanos provenientes de dos estructuras mortuorias excavadas en el sitio Wari de Marayniyoq, del valle de Ayacucho, Perú. Hasta hace poco, las formas de enterramiento Wari fueron discutidas sólo a partir de las estructuras funerarias, prestándose escasa atención a los huesos humanos. Nuestros resultados indican la presencia de una población numerosa, con individuos de todas las edades y ambos sexos. Se concluye que durante el auge de Wari, diversas formas de enterramiento fueron practicadas en este valle; de estas, algunas parecen haber sido utilizadas por varias generaciones, resultando en la acumulación de abundantes restos óseos humanos al interior de estructuras mortuorias relativamente peque as. Finalmente, la evidencia proveniente de Marayniyoq se emplea para elaborar un perfil de la población allí depositada, la misma que deja en claro la ocurrencia de una alta mortalidad infantil Results are presented from the analysis of human remains excavated from two mortuary structures at the site of Wari of Marayniyoq in the Ayacucho Valley, Peru. Until very recently, Wari mortuary studies were aimed mostly at the analysis of the mortuary structures, paying little attention to the human remains. This study of osteological remains from two Wari mortuary structures revealed not only a large population lived at the site of Marayniyoq, but that the structures held individuals of all ages and both sexes. They conclude that during the Wari reign diverse forms of burial were practiced in the valley, and some were used for generations, resulting in an accumulation of numerous remains in the relatively small mortuary structures. Finally the evidence from Marayniyoq is used to elaborate on the population profile of the deposit, which clearly indicates a high infant mortality rate
第1页/共11条
每页显示


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.