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Supersticios y marranos: El discurso anti-mágico de Lope de Barrientos a la luz de la "Cuestión Conversa"
Cavallero,Constanza;
Cuadernos de historia de Espa?±a , 2010,
Abstract: by the mid-fifteenth century, the first discourses against the "new christians" emerged in castile together with a new type of literature: that which, forged at the very core of the high theological culture, was aimed at condemning practices and beliefs considered to be superstitious. since this concurrence of events does not appear to be fortuitous, throughout this work we will attempt to demonstrate the close relationship that exists between both discursive formations. the origin of the anti-superstitious literature in hispanic regions must be thus understood bearing in mind its connection with the mounting socio-political tension over religious minorities and, in particular, its relationship with other novel discourses which emerged along with the so-called "issue of the new christians". this work analyses, based on the study of the three anti-magic treatises written by lope de barrientos, the extent to which those treatises arose from -and interfered in- the chaotic situation which followed the "anti-converso" uprising in 1449. in this sense, our work seeks to demonstrate that this event led to a reorganization of the power-knowledge relations in the kingdom of castile, i.e. a transformation in the truth-making mechanisms relating specifically to the new-found need to mold an "other-within-us", which would make it possible to explain the conditions in which the anti-superstitious literature emerged.
Brujería, superstición y “cuestión conversa”: Historias de construcción de “otros-cristianos”
Cavallero, Constanza
Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 2011,
Abstract: Between the late Middle Ages and the early Modern Age, in German-speaking regions, a novel phenomenon of witchcraft emerged: an unprecedented combination of theory and repressive practice which took the Devil’s work in the world to its highest point. In the same period, however, Hispanic theologians seemed to hold a different view, a more cautious and moderate demonological theory. Throughout this work, we will analyse the anti-superstitition works written by Lope de Barrientos and The Formicarius, by Johannes Nider, as a starting point to identify, bearing in mind their respective political and cultural circles, two opposing views regarding the revolutionary representations of the Devil and, mainly, to assert the existence of two alternative processes for the construction of “Christian Others” in 15th. Century Europe. The Castilian case de serves particular consideration in view of the “issue of the New Christians” and the existence of certain power relationships which moulded and paved the way for the establishment of the Inquisition as the ultimate means for political and religious domination. Entre el Medioevo tardío y la temprana Modernidad, emerge en los ámbitos germano parlantes el novedoso fenómeno brujeril: una teoría y una praxis represiva inéditas que logran llevar al paroxismo la intervención del diablo en el mundo. No obstante, en época coetánea, teólogos de origen hispano parecen sostener una postura divergente, un discurso demonológico más cauto y moderado. En el presente trabajo, las obras antisupersticiosas de Lope de Barrientos y el Formicarius de Johannes Nider son analizados como punto de partida para identificar, atendiendo a sus respectivos ámbitos políticos y culturales, dos posturas divergentes respecto de las revolucionarias representaciones del diablo y, sobre todo, para postular la existencia de dos procesos alternativos de construcción de “otros internos” en la Europa del Cuatrocientos. El caso castellano, en razón de la “cuestión conversa” y de la existencia de ciertas relaciones de poder que han de moldear y habilitar el establecimiento de la Inquisición como dispositivo de dominación político religioso por excelencia, merece ser considerado en su particularidad.
Las ideas-clave de Los Nombres Divinos de Pseudo Dionisio según el uso léxico
Cavallero,Pablo A.;
Temas medievales , 2004,
Abstract: in the morphological and lexical analysis of the divine names we had found certain seemingly important themes. now we shall attempt to reach a more accurate approach to these themes, looking for key-ideas by applying a quantitative or frequency method. the analysis comprises three aspects: for one the valuaion of the hápax contained in the treatise, words used only once and only in this text by dionysius, which in many cases are neologisms; secondly the valuation of words which, although rarely, appear more than once but exclusively in the divine names but not in the remainder of the corpus, and finally those words which are used most often in the text. by this quantitative or frequency method of analysis we have been able to confirm objectively, which themes are repeated and relevant on the basis of the morphemes and radicals employed by the author, thus allowing us to establish the main ideas, objectives and methodology of the treatise. just as in a previous study the statistical analysis of prepositions and conjunctions allowed us to evaluate the syntactical style and medieval tendencies of the language, now we can see the weight of each key-idea within de treatise and in relationship with the remainder of the corpus.
Caracterización y técnica narrativa en Juan El Limosnero, de Leoncio de Neápolis
Cavallero,Pablo A;
Byzantion nea hellás , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-84712010000100010
Abstract: they are analyzed, in the leontius' tale, the different techniques through which the author characterizes his central personage; and then, the interventions which are done by the author himselfi the meta-literary traits or the commentaries of contents, and some insistent resources as the tale in the tale and the apparitions and revelatory dreams. it is interpreted that, with the declared intention of touching a vast audience, the technique allows to construct a rhetoric 'etopoiesis' and to interest the audience by using popular resources in accordance with the language; so, then, the tale is good achieved, because the componente of the content and formal strategies are employed with efficacy in attention to the audience and the intentionality of the author.
LA RETóRICA EN LA VIDA DE SIMEóN DE LEONCIO DE NEáPOLIS
Cavallero,Pablo A;
Byzantion nea hellás , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-84712009000100005
Abstract: this work studies the symeon hagiographic story and asserts that it is organized as a rhetoric speech; the argumentatio has two sections: one centered in the lógoi, the other centered in the érga, which functions as argumentative proofs of the sanctity of the proposed model. leontius wants to approach to all his people: he delights the cultivated with the elaboration of a rhetoric speech, whose language adapts to the content; and he delights the unlettered not only with de lyrics and the parley's elocutio, but with knowable language of the citizenly byzance. symeon knew adapt himself to the different situations oh his life; leontius, too, he adapts his language and his style to the matter's nuances with he deals and to the diversity of his audiences.
Sócrates como chivo expiatorio o sobre la identificación de Aristófanes y Sócrates
Cavallero,Pablo A.;
Circe de cl??sicos y modernos , 2007,
Abstract: this article renders the possibility to interpret the end of aristophanes' clouds as an allusion to the rite of the pharmakós, when a man who loads the others' guilt is punished. it is compared with the socrates' proposition in the plato's apology. aristophanes does not blame socrates himself, but the strepsiades' anti-ethic and illegal attitude and the use of the sophistic rhetoric with this purpose.
Algunas claves interpretativas de Nubes de Aristófanes
Cavallero,Pablo A.;
Circe de cl??sicos y modernos , 2006,
Abstract: this article proposes to find key-concepts to the interpretation of the comedy, from a qualitative analysis of the frequencies of different semantic domains, whose reiteration is suggestive. they are the domains attached to sóphron, hedys, a?skhos and díke; moreover, kainós, arkha?os, palaiós, géron; dexiós, sophós and leptós; strépho. this analysis let us to define that the comedy opposes two groups: on one hand, strepsiádes, pheidippídes and the lógos hétton; on the other hand, socrates, the chorus and the lógos kreítton. aristophanes agrees with the position of the last group; he does not blame to socrates but the sophistic rhetoric applied without ethic, with spurious purposes and with methods which undermine the social and civic order.
Semblanza de Carlos Alberto Ronchi March
Pablo A. Cavallero
Argos , 2010,
Abstract:
Caracterización y técnica narrativa en Juan El Limosnero, de Leoncio de Neápolis Characterization and narrative technique in John the Beggar by Leontius of Naples
Pablo A Cavallero
Byzantion Nea Hellás , 2010,
Abstract: Se analizan en el relato de Leoncio las diversas técnicas con las que el autor caracteriza a su personaje central y, luego, las intervenciones que el mismo autor realiza, sean metaliterarias o comentarios del contenido, y ciertos recursos insistentes como el relato dentro del relato y las apariciones y sue os reveladores. Se interpreta que, ante la declarada intención de llegar a un público vasto, la técnica permite construir una etopeya retórica e interesar al público mediante recursos populares coincidentes con la lengua empleada, de modo que el relato está bien logrado porque los componentes de contenido y las estrategias formales son empleados eficientemente en atención al público y a la intencionalidad prevista. They are analyzed, in the Leontius' tale, the different techniques through which the author characterizes his central personage; and then, the interventions which are done by the author himselfi the meta-literary traits or the commentaries of contents, and some insistent resources as the tale in the tale and the apparitions and revelatory dreams. It is interpreted that, with the declared intention of touching a vast audience, the technique allows to construct a rhetoric 'etopoiesis' and to interest the audience by using popular resources in accordance with the language; so, then, the tale is good achieved, because the componente of the content and formal strategies are employed with efficacy in attention to the audience and the intentionality of the author.
LA RETóRICA EN LA VIDA DE SIMEóN DE LEONCIO DE NEáPOLIS
Pablo A Cavallero
Byzantion Nea Hellás , 2009,
Abstract: La ponencia estudia el relato hagiográfico sosteniendo que está organizado como un discurso retórico; la argumentatio tiene dos sectores, uno centrado en lógoi y otro en érga, los cuales actúan como pruebas argumentativas de la santidad del modelo propuesto. Leoncio quiere llegar a todo su pueblo: deleita a los cultos con la elaboración de un discurso retórico en el que la lengua se adecua al contenido; y deleita a los iletrados no sólo con el lirismo y la elocutio de los parlamentos insertos, sino también con el reconocible lenguaje del Bizancio ciudadano. Así como Simeón pudo adecuarse a las diversas situaciones de su vida, también Leoncio adecua su lengua y su estilo a los matices de la materia que trata y a la diversidad de su público. This work studies the Symeon hagiographic story and asserts that it is organized as a rhetoric speech; the argumentatio has two sections: one centered in the lógoi, the other centered in the érga, which functions as argumentative proofs of the sanctity of the proposed model. Leontius wants to approach to all his people: he delights the cultivated with the elaboration of a rhetoric speech, whose language adapts to the content; and he delights the unlettered not only with de lyrics and the parley's elocutio, but with knowable language of the citizenly Byzance. Symeon knew adapt himself to the different situations oh his life; Leontius, too, he adapts his language and his style to the matter's nuances with he deals and to the diversity of his audiences.
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