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OALib Journal期刊

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The Implementation of Higher Education Funding in Indonesia  [PDF]
Dwi Priyono, Ahmad Ahmad
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104049
Abstract:
This study aims to determine the Implementation of Higher Education Financing in Indonesia which focuses on the accountability and transparency of higher education budgets management. The survey research was conducted at universities spread across the Sumatra and Java islands from October 2012 to October 2013, and proportionally selected 8 universities as sampling which were categorized as Applied Science-Technology and Educational Universities based. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistic technique and narrative descriptive technique using an approach popularized by Miles and Huberman. The study concluded that: 1) planning and budgeting system of higher education is carried out by centralization system, making it relatively easy for coordinating and consolidating policies and implementing higher education budget, 2) college policy autonomy in the management and implementation of Tri Darma of Higher Education authorizes Head of Higher Education to specify the orientation of university programs and activities, and 3) university’s system and management mechanism, particularly the pattern of the planning and allocating budgets and costs, have to be continued to be updated to avoid commercialization of higher education. In general, higher education funding synchronization significantly affects the quality of higher education.
LEXICAL CONSTRAINTS IN TRANSLATION AND LEARNING ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN INDONESIA
Priyono Priyono
TEFLIN Journal , 2005,
Abstract: One of the main problems in the process of translating and learning English as a foreign language may be attributed to lexical constraints. Problems exist in both processes (translating and learning) because the two languages involved represent two different systems of expression. The differences in lexical structure between English and Indonesian are predicted to be the main cause of difficulties for EFL learners and translators. Using lexical conceptual structure (LCS), this study has collected data from authentic sources including English novels, brochures, textbooks, bulletins and newspapers. From this data we have identified five types of problems: These problems will be referred to as denominalized verbs or nouns surface as verbs, deadjectival verbs or adjectives surface as verbs, verb semantic structure, collocational combination, and transitive-intransitive alternation. The analysis of these cases has demonstrated that potential problems associated with each case are all lexically related. Therefore it will be argued in this paper that these five cases are part of the main causes for the problems faced by translators and EFL learners.
Towards a Reduction of Grammar Teaching a Lexical Analysis
Priyono Priyono
TEFLIN Journal , 1999,
Abstract: Learning a language is essensially learning vocabulary, and it is the lexical competence that enables the learners to use the language with ease. It will be argued that such an ability includes, among the important ones, the knowledge of semantic properties and syntactic behaviour of the lexical item as well as its collocation. The acquisition of the semantic properties of a lexical item is necessary to support the learner's ability to distinguish different senses encoded in the lexical item, and the knowledge of syntactic behaviour reflects the learner's ability to recognize and produce the syntactic variants into which a lexical item can enter. The collocational competence is the knowledge of the lexical behaviour in particular that enables the learner to envisage the possible cooccurrence of other words with the given lexical item. Thus, the acquisition of lexical competence would cover a large part of syntax. This understanding of the nature and characteristics of lexicon would raise some questions on the relevance of putting great emphasis on the teaching of grammar only.
Compatibility of Private Agroforestry Management and Managing Forest with Community Program in Central Java, Indonesia
Priyono Suryanto,Widiyatno Widiyatno,Sukirno Dwi Asmoro Prianto,Dwiko Budi Permadi
Journal of Management and Sustainability , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/jms.v3n1p178
Abstract: In the perspective of sustainability, agroforestry is the last resort of natural resource management which synergizes productivity escalation that meets sustainable principles. However, agroforestry management in Indonesia is still trivial and traditional. This research was done to develop compatible agroforestry development schemes as pro poor technology to support prospective and sustainable management.Research was conducted in Sambak village, Kajoran District, Magelang Regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia. Sambak village has been set by the Ministry of Forestry c.q. the Directorate of Land Rehabilitation and Social Forestry as a model or pilot village for national level program of micro watershed area management since 2008. The research was conducted with Agroforestry Diagnosis and Design approach (D & D) in combination with Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA). The research has revealed that agroforestry characteristics in homegarden, dry field, and fields are developed in a simple and traditional way. In addition, there is little connectivity between homegarden, dry field agroforestry, dry field and rice field agroforestry as a unit of ownership and state forests that managed through collaborative forest management schemes or Pengelolaan Hutan Bersama Masyarakat (PHBM). Therefore, it is necessary to apply management strategies by developing compatible management between private agroforestry and managed state forests with PHBM scheme. Three approaches can be proposed simultaneously: 1) land units by redesigning agroforestry system, family unit by reconnecting each land unit, and landscape unit as the old growth forests. Three approaches are fully developed with compatible management.
Adding Organic Matter Enhanced the Effectiveness of Silicate Rock Fertilizer for Food Crops Grown on Nutritionally Disorder Soils: A Glasshouse Assessment
Joko Priyono,Zaenal Arifin
Jurnal Tanah Tropika , 2012,
Abstract: A glasshouse experiment was carried to identify effects of the application rate of ground silicate rock as a multinutrientfertilizer (SRF) with and without organic matter (OM) on growth and nutrient status of food crops (rice,corn, and soybean). Those crops were grown on 3 different soils in 2 cropping patterns, i.e., rice – soybean and corn– soybean, providing 6 experimental sets. A completely randomized design was applied in each experimental set.The treatment in each set consisted of 3 rates of SRF (5, 10, and 15 g kg-1), those 3 rates + 5 g kg-1 of OM, and acontrol (without adding SRF or OM). The first crops (rice and corn) were grown up to 65 days, while the secondcrop (soybean) was up to 40 days. Results indicated that for crops grown on less fertile soils, the application of SRFonly slightly increased growth of crops, mainly of the 2nd crops, and adding OM greatly increased the growth ofboth the 1st and 2nd crops. In those experimental sets, about 60 – 80% of the variation of crop growth was significantlydetermined by concentration of Cu and several other essential nutrients in crop tissue. In contrast, the growth forcrops grown on more fertile soils was not affected by the application of SRF or/and OM. It was concluded thatadding OM enhanced the effectiveness of SRF as a multi-nutrient fertilizer, and that may be used as an appropriatemulti-nutrient fertilizer or general ameliorant to sustain soil quality and remediate the nutritionally disorder soils.
Time Step Issue in Unit Hydrograph for Improving Runoff Prediction in Small Catchments  [PDF]
Dyah Indriana Kusumastuti, Dwi Jokowinarno
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.48079
Abstract: Unit hydrograph is a very practical tool in runoff prediction which has been used since decades ago and to date it remains useful. Unit hydrograph method is applied in Way Kuala Garuntang, an ungauged catchment in Lampung Province, Indonesia. To derive an observed unit hydrograph it requires rainfall and water level data with fine time scale which are obtained from automatic gauges. Observed unit hydrograph has an advantage that it is possible to derive it for various time steps including those with time step less than an hour. In order to get a more accurate unit hydrograph, it is necessary to derive a unit hydrograph with small time step for a small catchment such as those used in this study. The study area includes Way Kuala Garuntang and its tributaries, i.e. Way Simpur, Way Awi with areas are 60.52 km2, 3.691 km2, and 9.846 km2 respectively. The results of this study highlight the importance of time step selection on unit hydrograph, which are shown to have a significant impact on the resulting unit hydrograph’s variables such as peak discharge and time to peak.
Dissolution Kinetics of Milled-Silicate Rock Fertilizers in Organic Acid
Joko Priyono,Robert John Gilkes
Jurnal Tanah Tropika , 2008,
Abstract: A dissolution experiment was carried out to identify the effects of milling condition on dissolution kinetics of silicate rock fertilizers. Initially ground materials ( < 250 μm for basalt, dolerite, gneiss, and < 150 μm for K-feldspar) were further milled with a ball mill (Spex 8000) under dry and wet conditions for 10, 60, and 120 minutes. The rock powders were dissolved in a mixture of 0.01M acetic-citric acid at a rock powder/solvent ratio of 1/1000, and the solution was agitated continuously on a rotary shaker at 25o C. The concentrations of dissolved Na, K, Ca, Mg, Al, and Si from the milled rocks were determined at intervals from 1 hour up to 56 days. Results indicated that the relationships of quantity of dissolved rock and elemental plant nutrients (Et) with time (t) were well described by a power equation: Et = Eo + atn with reaction order (n) of 0.3 – 0.8. Milling increased quantity of total and individual dissolved element (Et ), dissolution rate (Rt), the proportion of rapidly soluble rock or element (Eo), and dissolution constant a. The increases in dissolution due to dry milling were larger than for wet milling. Although further proves should be provided, results of this dissolution experiment clearly indicates that SRFs may be used as multinutrient fertilizers as well as remedial materials for acidic soils; and dry milling may be applied as an appropriate method for manufacturing effective SRFs.
CULTURE SHOCK EXPERIENCED BY FOREIGN STUDENTS STUDYING AT INDONESIAN UNIVERSI-TIES
Dwi Poedjiastutie
TEFLIN Journal , 2009,
Abstract: : This study was designed to examine the potential culture shock experienced by foreign students in Indonesian university. There were 10 foreign students who responded to the questionnaires sent by the writer through BIPA (Indonesian for foreigners) in international office of foreign studentsa€ universities. It was found that there were three points of academic life that make foreign students experience culture shock, namely: teachera€ s roles and attitudes; poorly organized programs; and the local studentsa€ attitudes. In social life, it was found that foreign students experienced culture shock in 3 aspects, namely: women-men relationships; different ways of thinking and different habits.
Accelerating of Pink Pigment Excretion from Cyanobacterium Oscillatoria by Co-Cultivation with Anabaena
DWI SUSILANINGSIH
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2007,
Abstract: The freshwater cyanobacterium Oscillatoria BTCC/A 0004 excretes pink pigment containing lipoproteins with molecular weights of about 10 kDa. This pigment has surfactant properties with strong emulsification activity toward several hydrocarbons. This extracellular metabolite was suspected as toxin or allelochemical in their habitat. In this study, I investigated the effect of co-cultivation of Oscillatoria with Anabaena variabilis on the pigment excretion to explore the physiological roles of this pigment in its natural environment. The dead or viable cells and medium of A. variabilis were added into Oscillatoria cultures. Results showed that co-cultivation of free viable cells of A. variabilis enhanced the excretion of pigment without effect on the cell growth. Co-cultivation with viable cells in separated method and dead cells did not influenced the pigment production. The addition of A. variabilis medium was slightly increased the excretion of the pigment. Those results indicated that direct contact with A. variabilis caused Oscillatoria released a certain signaling compound.
Enabling ICT and Knowledge Management to Enhance Competitiveness of Higher Education Institutions
Dwi Sulisworo
International Journal of Education , 2012, DOI: 10.5296/ije.v4i1.1207
Abstract: HEIs are recognized to be in the knowledge business, and increasingly they are exposed to marketplace pressures in a similar way to other businesses. In this new situation, knowledge become the main drivers to create growth and security for the organization. The purpose of this paper is to seek the ICT contribution to knowledge management that enhance the HEIs competitiveness. The adoption and use of ICT to facilitate Knowledge Management (KM) has brought to focus the urgent need to come out with new methods, tools and techniques in the development of KM systems frameworks, knowledge processes and knowledge technologies. Creating a shared knowledge base and providing best practices via ICT tools enables the replication of future wellbeing. Through ICT, experts and professionals in different fields are empowered contribute their knowledge to effectively and efficiently.
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