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Case Report: Acute Suppurative Parotitis and Parotid Abscess in Young Children
Y Fawehinmi
Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics , 2002,
Abstract: Acute suppurative parotitis in three children, aged between eight months and two years who presented within a period of one month is described. Despite prompt treatment with intravenous antibiotics, the swellings in two of the three progressed to abscesses whose identification was facilitated by ultrasonic examination. The organism isolated from purulent specimens from the drained abscesses consisted of Staphylococcus aureus, while one of the two that progressed to an abscess had in addition, an anaerobic organism, Fusobaccterium nucleatum. All the three recovered completely. Based on our experience, it is advocated that the management of infants with suppurative parotitis should include adequate antibiotic cover for streptococcus, staphylococcus and bacteroides, while drainage, using Blair's modified incision should be undertaken where an abscess is present. The efficacy of ultrasound examination in the diagnosis of parotid gland abscess is highlighted. Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics 2002; 29:17-19.
Congenital Stridor as seen in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Saudi Arabia
Y Fawehinmi, N Fageeh, A Asindi
Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics , 2002,
Abstract: A prospective study was carried out to determine the prevalent causes and management of congenital stridor in a referral neonatal intensive care unit of Assir Central Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia, between 1996 and 1999. Forty cases consisting of 25 males and 15 females were identified during the period . The predominant cause was laryngomalacia in 25 (62.5 per cent) of the cases. Other causes included subglottic stenosis 5 (12.5 per cent), tracheo-oesophageal fistula 3 (7.5 per cent), bilateral vocal cord palsy 2 (5 per cent), vascular compression 2 ( 5 per cent) and one each of laryngeal web, subglottic haemangioma and cystic hygroma. A majority of the laryngomalacia cases resolved spontaneously by the age of 2 years without surgical intervention.
TRADE OPENNESS AND ITS IMPACT ON NIGERIA’S NON-OIL INDUSTRIAL SECTOR: 1979-2009
Bakare A.S Ph.D,Fawehinmi, F. O
Economics and Finance Review , 2011,
Abstract: The growth of the industrial sector and the resultant export witnessed in Nigeria in the 1960s and 1970s was largely the outcome of a policy of import substitution which precipitated the overvaluation of the domestic currency partly through the encouragement of low return investments by preferential credit policies and direct public investment in industrial ventures. The ‘fait accompli’ adoption of the IMF – induced structural economic reforms whose main trust is trade openness among others was targeted at restructuring the economy away from over dependence on the oil sector. This study focused on the impact of trade openness on Nigeria’s industrial performance with a view to determining the spill over effect of the policy on the major contending sectors in the economy. This study therefore examined the relationship between trade openness and industrial performance,armed with secondary time series data and using an ordinary least square multiple regression analytical method. The study found that the unilateral trade openness of 1986 produced the sustainable impact on the nonoil industrial sector of the Nigerian economy. It was observed that Public domestic investment, saving rate, capacity utilization and infrastructure has negative impacts on Nigeria’s industrial performance. Our findings and conclusion support the need for the government to consolidate and maintain the credibility of the trade policies for sustainable growth and development. More progress will be achieved if the conditions needed for a deregulated trade system to work properly are set in place.
Protection by Liquorice in Alcohol Induced Gastric Mucosa Damage
A.E. Ligha,H.B. Fawehinmi
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: Gastric diseases are widespread among the inhabitants of many countries and alcohol consumption is a known precipitating factor. This study investigates the protective effect of Liquorice, an indigenous plant in tropical and sub-tropical areas and belongs to the Fabaceae family on 80% alcohol- induce gastric mucosa lesions and morphological changes in rats. The rats were divided into five groups of five rats per group. Gastric damage was induced with 80% alcohol. The treated group received the crude extract of 200 mg/kg.oral prior to alcohol gastric mucosa damage induction. Histological studies, ulcer index, Alkaline Phosphotase (ALP), lipid peroxidation product (TBARS) which is an index of lipid peroxidation were studied. Liquorice pre-treatment showed protection against alcohol mucosa damage; a significant reduction in the ulcer index of 1.94 ±0.05 against 5.24 ±0.07 of positive control. The ALP and TBARS were also significantly reduced. The results suggest that Liquorice seed extracts have significant mucosal protective and antioxidative effects on the gastric mucosa in rats.
A Software Tool for Facial Analysis
Oghenemavwe Ese Loveday,Fawehinmi Babatude Hakeem,Daenwin Tonye Lekara
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: An accurate and thorough facial analysis is needed for the formulation of treatment plan in rhinoplastic, dental and aesthetic surgical procedures. The analysis process is not difficult but tedious due to accuracy requirements. Before technological advances, facial analysis was done manually to detect and interpret facial characteristics. This procedure is often time consuming with greater error due to parallax and approximation. The object of this study is to introduce a software tool design to simplify the analysis of facial parameters. 2D photographic images of the face captured under varying condition of illumination where analyzed with the aid of standard anatomical landmarks. Facial dimensions obtained where less time consuming and accurate. The software is capable of depicting and quantifying craniofacial dimensions and facial soft tissue profile at an increased speed and accuracy.
Alcohol Consumption and Dietary Patterns: The FinDrink Study
Timothy O. Fawehinmi, Jenni Ilom?ki, Sari Voutilainen, Jussi Kauhanen
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0038607
Abstract: The aim of this population-based study was to investigate differences in dietary patterns in relation to the level of alcohol consumption among Finnish adults. This study was part of the FinDrink project, an epidemiologic study on alcohol use among Finnish population. It utilized data from the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. A total of 1720 subjects comprising of 816 men and 904 women aged 53–73 years were included in the study in 1998–2001. Food intake was collected via a 4-day food diary method. Self-reported alcohol consumption was assessed with quantity-frequency method based on the Nordic Alcohol Consumption Inventory. Weekly alcohol consumption was categorized into three groups: non-drinkers (<12 grams), moderate drinkers (12–167.9 grams for men, 12–83.9 grams for women) and heavy drinkers (≥168 grams for men, ≥84 grams for women). Data were analyzed for men and women separately using multiple linear regression models, adjusted for age, occupational status, marital status, smoking, body mass index and leisure time physical activity. In women, moderate/heavy drinkers had lower fibre intake and moderate drinkers had higher vitamin D intake than non-drinkers. Male heavy drinkers had lower fibre, retinol, calcium and iron intake, and moderate/heavy drinkers had higher vitamin D intake than non-drinkers. Fish intake was higher among women moderate drinkers and men moderate/heavy drinkers than non-drinkers. In men, moderate drinkers had lower fruit intake and heavy drinkers had lower milk intake than non-drinkers. Moderate drinkers had higher energy intake from total fats and monosaturated fatty acids than non-drinkers. In contrast, energy intake from carbohydrates was lower among moderate/heavy drinkers than non-drinkers. In conclusion, especially male heavy drinkers had less favorable nutritional intake than moderate and non-drinkers. Further studies on the relationship between alcohol consumption and dietary habits are needed to plan a comprehensive dietary intervention programs in future.
Cephalic Index of Ogbia Tribe of Bayesla State
Eroje,M. A; Fawehinmi,H. B; Jaja,B. N; Yaakor,L;
International Journal of Morphology , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022010000200009
Abstract: a study on cephalic index was carried out on subjects from ogbia tribe of bayelsa state in the niger delta region of nigeria. four hundred and fourty individuals were randomly selected from the community comprising of 219 males and 221 females respectively. the ages of the subjects ranged from 2-18 years. the length and breadth of the head was measured using a sliding caliper from standard bony landmarks. the measurable point for head length was measured between the glabella and opisthocranion while the head breadth was the widest biparietal diameter from euryon (eu) on one side of the head to euryon (eu), on the other side. mean values of cephalic index, standard deviation and standard error of mean were calculated for both sexes. the result showed that the mean cephalic index was 72.96 ± 6.12. male had a cephalic index of 73.68 ± 6.53 while female had a cephalic index of 72.24 ± 5.60. the difference in cephalic index between male and female was significant (p=0.007). based on the cephalic index, the head form of 66.82% of individuals were dolichocephalic, 21.59% mesocephalic, 10.23% brachycephalic and 1.36% hyperbrachycephalic. this research showed that ogbia children have dolichocephalic phenotype. the data from this research will be useful in anthropology, genetics and forensic medicine.
Craniofacial Anthropometry in a Young Nigerian Population: the Canthal Distances
Jaja,Blessing N.R; Fawehinmi,Hakeem B; Jack,Joy T;
International Journal of Morphology , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022011000300041
Abstract: the measurement of craniofacial parameters have clinical, forensic and anthropologic significance. local data on inner canthal and outer canthal distances and the canthal index may reveal the pattern of differential growth in craniofacial features resulting from factors such as sex, diet and genetic distinctions. in the present study, we provide normative data on canthal distances in a nigerian population which has not been studied previously, utilizing a study design which optimises the effect of age and minimise bias and confounding than previous studies in nigerian groups. the mean inner canthal distance was 1.85±0.30cm and 2.07±0.29cm (males vs. females, p= 0.000); mean outer canthal distance, 10.39±0.56cm and 10.40±0.98cm (males vs. female, p= 0.899). the results were found to be considerably lower than what has been reported among nigerian groups.
Mastoid cells myiasis in a Saudi man: A case report
Abdul Aziz Al-Abidi, Cornelius Bello, Mohammed Al-Ahmari, Yinka Fawehinmi
West African Journal of Medicine , 2003,
Abstract: We report here the case of myiasis of the mastoid cells in a 50-year old Saudi farmer. Eight larvae of suspected Calliphorid fly were extracted from his right mastoid at examination in the clinic. The larvae almost ate into his brain, using their powerful screw-shaped mouth parts. It is the first report of Calliphorid larvae affecting the mastoid cells from Saudi Arabia. The epidemiological and clinical implications of this finding are discussed below.
Cephalic Index of Ogbia Tribe of Bayesla State índice Cefálico de la Tribu Ogbia del Estado de Bayelsa
M. A Eroje,H. B Fawehinmi,B. N Jaja,L Yaakor
International Journal of Morphology , 2010,
Abstract: A study on Cephalic Index was carried out on subjects from Ogbia tribe of Bayelsa State in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Four hundred and fourty individuals were randomly selected from the community comprising of 219 males and 221 females respectively. The ages of the subjects ranged from 2-18 years. The length and breadth of the head was measured using a sliding caliper from standard bony landmarks. The measurable point for head length was measured between the glabella and opisthocranion while the head breadth was the widest biparietal diameter from euryon (eu) on one side of the head to euryon (eu), on the other side. Mean values of cephalic index, standard deviation and standard error of mean were calculated for both sexes. The result showed that the mean cephalic index was 72.96 ± 6.12. Male had a cephalic index of 73.68 ± 6.53 while female had a cephalic index of 72.24 ± 5.60. The difference in cephalic index between male and female was significant (p=0.007). Based on the cephalic index, the head form of 66.82% of individuals were Dolichocephalic, 21.59% Mesocephalic, 10.23% Brachycephalic and 1.36% Hyperbrachycephalic. This research showed that Ogbia children have Dolichocephalic phenotype. The data from this research will be useful in anthropology, genetics and forensic medicine. Se estudió el índice cefálico en sujetos de la tribu Ogbia del estado de Bayelsa en la región del Delta del Níger de Nigeria. Fueron seleccionados al azar 440 individuos de la comunidad ( 219 hombres y 221 mujeres), con edades entre 2 y 18 a os. La longitud y el ancho de la cabeza se midió utilizando un caliper de referencias óseas estándar. La longitud de la cabeza se midió entre la glabela y el opistocranion, y el ancho a nivel parietal desde un euryon a otro. Los valores medios de índice cefálico, la desviación estándar y el error estándar de la media se calcularon para ambos sexos. El resultado mostró que el índice cefálico promedio fue de 72,96 ± 6,12. Los hombres tenían un índice cefálico de 73,68±6,53, mientras que las mujeres mostraron una índice cefálico de 72,24±5,60. La diferencia en el índice cefálico entre hombres y mujeres fue significativa (p=0,007). Con base en el índice cefálico, el 66,82% de los individuos eran dolicocefálicos, el 21,59% mesocefálicos, el 10,23% braquicefálicos y el 1,36% hiperbraquicéfalicos. Esta investigación mostró que los ni os Ogbia tienen un fenotipo dolicocefálico. Los datos de esta investigación pueden ser útiles en antropología, genética y medicina forense.
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