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Avalia??o da zona de transi??o interfacial pasta-agregado leve em concretos com sílica ativa e látex SBR
Rossignolo, J.A.;
Matéria (Rio de Janeiro) , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-70762007000300015
Abstract: this paper deals with the effect of silica fume and styrene-butadiene latex (sbr) on the microstructure of the interfacial transition zone (itz) between portland cement paste and lightweight aggregates (expanded clay). scanning electron microscope (sem) equipped with and energy dispersive x?ray analysis system (eds) was used to determine the interfacial transition zone thickness. in the plain concrete a marked itz around the aggregate particles (30mm) was observed, while in concretes with silica fume or latex sbr the itz was less pronounced (20-25mm). however, the better results were observed in concretes with silica fume and latex sbr (8-15mm).
Experiência iniciativa Hospital Amigo da Crian?a
Lamounier, J.A.;
Revista da Associa??o Médica Brasileira , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-42301998000400011
Abstract: in the study is analyzed and described the initiative called "initiative baby friendly hospitals", a program which started in brazil, 1992. this initiative intends to support, to protect and to promote the breastfeeding as proposed in a meeting in 1990 in florence, italy, which was promoted by who and unicef. the basic goal of this initiative is to mobilize health professionals and hospital or maternity workers for changing their routines and conducts aiming to prevent the early wean. the health establishments are evaluated based on the "ten steps for success of breastfeeding, a group of goals created in the same meeting. in brazil, the evaluation is coordinated by the federal government through the pniam (programa nacional de incentivo ao aleitamento materno). a baby friendly hospital, if approved, receives from the minister of health, a federal governmental agency (sus) a differential payment for childbirth assistance and prenatal accompaniment, 10% and 40%, more respectively. until 1998 year there were 103 baby friendly hospitals in brazil, with the majority of them located in the northeast area (68,1%). however, taking in accounting the number of 5650 hospitals linked to sus in the country, less than 2.0% are baby friendly hospitals. on the basis of the experience and according with pniam data the implementation of the ten steps and the incentive to breastfeeding through baby friendly hospitals have resulted in a significant increase of breastfeeding incidence and duration in brazil.
The Impact of Agriculture and Tourism Potentials on Sustainable Rural Development in Ekiti State
J.A Ogundele
African Research Review , 2010,
Abstract: The rural areas, which inhabit the greater proportion of the population, mostly in developing nations, are the main sources of primary products (agriculture and minerals) for urban and industrial areas, hence the rural dwellers are regarded as the set of population that provide engine of in the development process of a nation (Long, 1982). Equally, tourism in rural environment is a potential strategy of developing the rural areas as an alternative to existing strategies. As a result of this, paper, through descriptive techniques, identifies the various agriculture and tourism potentials within the rural areas, identifies the impacts of these potentials on rural dwellers and suggests various processes of preserving these potentials for self-sustainable development. The result of the findings shows that there is a direct linkage between agricultural and tourism potentials and rural development. Though, agriculture and tourism may exacerbate pollution problems, environmental degradation and other social ills but effective and positive linkages provide ample benefits to the people in the such as job opportunities, generate income and other economic benefits to the people in the rural areas. Key Words: Agriculture, Tourism, Potentials, Rural environment, Sustainability
Conservative management of intraabdominal injuries
J.A Loveland
Continuing Medical Education , 2010,
Abstract: Management of paediatric abdominal trauma has evolved over the last 4 decades. Current strategies for non-operative management of most blunt solid-organ injuries developed from the observation that most of these injuries would ‘heal themselves’ and that operative intervention could interfere with this process. Organs most commonly injured are the liver and spleen, followed by kidney, pancreas and hollow viscera. In this article I concentrate on the subset of patients injured by blunt mechanisms, unless, under exceptional circumstances, management of penetrating abdominal injury should be active and aggressive, with nonoperative management being the exception. Although conservative management is appropriate for the vast majority of patients who have sustained blunt abdominal trauma, one must not compromise the care of unstable patients by persevering with a conservative approach in the case of life-threatening haemodynamic instability. Such patients require urgent surgery. The challenge is to identify these patients without delay.
An overview of recent developments in translation studies with special reference to the implications for Bible translation
J.A. Naude
Acta Theologica , 2002,
Abstract: An overview of recent developments of the discipline which deals with the activity of translation, as well as the implications for Bible translation, is presented. Starting off with a discussion of the disciplinary nature of translation studies, an overview of some developments emphasising the source text, the process of translation, the reception of the translated text, and the cultural-social bound character of translation, is offered. Since the early eighties there has been a tendency within translation studies to move away from the normative and prescriptive approaches to translation and to adopt a descriptive approach towards the study of translated literature. Descriptive translation theorists attempt to account not only for textual strategies in the translated text, but also for the way in which the translation functions in the target cultural system. The implications that these recent theoretical developments have for Bible translation practice and criticism of Bible translations are arrived at in the last instance. (Acta Theologica, Supplementum 2, 2002: 44-69)
Twentieth-century English Bible translations
J.A Naudé
Acta Theologica , 2005,
Abstract: The twentieth century has emerged as a major period of Bible translations and publications. The article explores both the cultural and social circumstances under which the English Bible translations of the twentieth century were produced and aspects relating to the translation process and reception. It offers insights into the underlying objectives and qualities of translations as well as the tradition from which they stem. The primary concern for meaning and readability has influenced the nature of Bible translation of this period, breaking down the socio-cultural distance between modern readers and the original contexts of the Bible.
“Soos ’n hamer wat ’n rots vermorsel”: die afrikaanse bybel van 1933 as vertaling
J.A Naudé
Acta Theologica , 2009,
Abstract: “like a hamer crushing a rock”: the afrikaans bible of 1933 as a work of translation The first complete Bible translation in Afrikaans was published in 1933. This article describes and analyses this translation. Given the new developments in translation studies, one should not evaluate a translation normatively, but rather describe it. Any new translation constructs a domesticated representation of a foreign text and culture, which simultaneously keeps intelligibility and ideology in mind. The representation refers to the linguistically inscribed preferences regarding the selection and construction of discourses in the Bible translation. The 1933 translation is analysed and explained in terms of the formation of particular cultural, political and religious identities. Some of the fixed perceptions of the 1933 translation are revisited by dealing with issues like the context of the translation, its source text, the translation team, the translation process and the sociocultural impact of the translation.
Evaluation Of Fisheries Catch Trend On Lake Kainji, In Nigeria, 1995-2001
J.A. ABIODUN
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management , 2003,
Abstract: The highlights of the analysis of fisheries data collected between 1995 and 2001 for the purpose of monitoring and evaluating the Kainji Lake fishery in Nigeria was presented. There was a downward trend in the total number of Fishermen, gear recorded for all fishing methods and annual fish yield between 1995 and 2001. The annual fish yield reached 32,474 metric tones in 1995 and declined to 13,361 metric tones in 2001. For an optimum catch, only 1,905 Fishermen ought to have been engaged in full time fishing activities if, Kainji Lake fisheries is to be managed on a sustainable basis. However, the results further revealed that a surplus of over 2,200 Fishermen were still recorded actively fishing in 2001 despite the interjected management measures of licensing and banning the use of beach seine on the Lake. This has led to a decline in daily catches of Fishermen, which invariably caused a reduction in the total annual fish yield by 58% during the seven years sampling period. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management Vol. 7(2) 2003: 9-13
Sconservation of Land Use Resources for Sustainable Development in Nigeria: The Way Forward
J.A. Ogundele
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: Resources are physically part of that segment of the physical environment that has a present or potential use for the survival and physical well-being of man, to be developed through the application of technological knowledge. The availability of human uses of these available resources for sustainable development is the chief criterion of resources and if properly managed can provide a regular production or flow for an indefinitely long period of time. Nigeria is abundantly blessed with various land resources of both renewable and non-renewable. The renewable resources include the forest, relief, water, wildlife and non-renewable resources which, like petroleum, have accumulated overtime and which once used and disposed are therefore unavailable. With the rapid growth of the Nigerian population, the societies have been demanding more and more from the earth s resources and affecting its land surface at ever increasing rate. Unfortunately some renewable resources are being used at rates that exceed the speed at which they can be regenerated. Nowhere is the more apparent than the destruction and deforestation of savannahs and the rainforests. The attention of this study focuses on the various natural wealth on Nigerian land. The quality, quantity and their economic uses of these resources were equally identified. Meanwhile, suggestions were made for optimum utilization of these resources for sustainable development of the country.
Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs): An Imperative Approach to Sustainable Rural Development in Nigeria
J.A. Ogundele
Research Journal of Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Rural development involves planned changed of the rural man and his socio-economic environment from a less desirable to a more desirable state. That is, the process by which the well-being of the people is significantly uplifted where there is a general enhancement in the quality of life of majority of rural people. This involves the active participation of the rural communities for whom the rural development programme is designed. Meanwhile, if the programme is properly conceived and effectively implemented, it will bridge the wide gap of inequalities between urban and rural areas. In Nigeria, several attempts were made to effect rural development. Among the first efforts were the establishment of Community Boards of 1954, the farm settlement scheme of the then Western Nigeria in 1959 and the third National Development Plan (1975-80). Others include Operation Feed the Nation (OFN) of 1976, River Basin Development Authorities of 1977, Land Use Decree of 1978, Green Revolution of 1980 among others. However, attempts have been made in this study to examine some of the rural development strategies being employed in Nigeria. The review shows that no single strategy can by itself, provide the solutions to the rural under development. Invariably, a holistic approach such as integrated rural development as introduced by Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs) is seen as one of the approaches to rural problems. Integrated rural development is a multi purpose approach or inter-disciplinary solutions to rural development, unlike single purpose approach such as agricultural extension or monodisciplinary agricultural production. This means all programmes such as agricultural education and training, health services, rural electrification, roads and cooperatives must not be conceived in isolation. This study tries to evaluate the far reaching effect of Agricultural Development Projects (AD)s). Also, it tries to determine its effectiveness or otherwise in the provision of basic needs to rural areas for sustainable development. Meanwhile, it has been suggested that any approach to rural development in Nigeria that focuses attention on the improvement of the standard of living of rural people should be given all necessary supports it deserves.
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