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OALib Journal期刊

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Knowledge and Rates of Use of Preschool Consultation by the Mothers in the Area of Health Tshitenge/Democratic Republic of Congo  [PDF]
Jean Christophe Bukasa Tshilonda, Augustin Kadiata Bukasa, Zelda Nkongolo Kitenge, Isaac Kalenda Ilunga, Cedrick Ilunga Bimpa, Jean Pierre Kufua Katukumbanyi, Dominique Kapitena Mangola, Astrid Kabanga, Benedicte Bileo, Axel Ngoyi, Therese Kapenga Mitanta, Olivier Ejiba Nyongonyi, Paulin Kabamba Lupueka, Alain Ngoyi Kibambe, Jean Felix Kabangu, Geremie Kazadi, Alexis Ntambwe Mayombo, Andre Kazadi Mukendi
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105064
Abstract:
Introduction: The postponement of the preventive activities of the Provincial Division of Health of East Kasai 2016 revealed que le level of attendance of the preschool consultation is decreasing less and less in the Health Area Tshitenge. Thus, this study set the goal of determining the knowledge and use of maternal pre-school counseling in the Health Area Tshitenge. Methods: The survey method was used by means of a questionnary administered to mothers in this region, but more specifically, we collected data from 422 mothers responsible for randomly selected children aged 0 to 5 in the four health. Results: After analysis and analysis of the data with the computer tool, we obtained the following results: the rate of use of the preschool consultation service is 60.7%; the level of education, occupation and the number of children under 5 years of age have a strong influence on the use of preschool counseling; lack of knowledge about the most important activity of preschool counseling has a negative influence on its use. There is a link between the use of the preschool consultation and the most important activity of the preschool consultation for the respondent; there is also a link between this and an appointment on the map; and finally, the cost judgment of SPC strongly influences its use. Conclusion: In order to raise this activity, the revitalization of preschool consultation activities in the Tshitenge health area, the reinforcement of the parents’ awareness on the use of preschool counseling from 0 to 59 months, and the revival of visits to homes for children whose mothers drop out of preschool counseling sufficient are a basis.
Caesarean in Rural Environment of Eastern Kasai (Dr Congo): Evolution of Caesarean Section Rates in Kasansa and Tshilenge  [PDF]
André Guillaume Kabongo, Dady Kalala, Jean Christophe Bukasa, Deca Blood Banza, Christine Kankologo, André Mutombo, Stany Wembonyama
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104564
Abstract:
Objective: To analyze the evolution monthly of the disastrous Caesarean and to their influence one maternal mortality and infantile in the General hospitals of reference of Kasansa and Tshilenge. Methods: Descriptive retrospective study Bi-centric related to 434 Caesareans carried out to the maternity of the general hospital of reference of Kasansa and that of Tshilenge during years 2015 and 2016. Our dated were collected in the obstetric files, registers of the maternity and the operating room. Public garden Ki square is used to compare it with the percentages and T of Student for the comparison of the averages in two maternities, and the percentage of increase gold reduction was calculated with the formulated of growth used also in economy. Results: Two maternities received respectively in 2015, 549 and 227 childbirth, among which 136 Caesareans carried out with Kasansa and 72 in Tshilenge. During the Disastrous months (from January to December), Caesareans dropped by 68.2%, (10.7% to 3.4%) in Kasansa and of 71.1% with Tshilenge (from 19.7% to 2.8%). In 2016, 702 childbirth and 109 Caesareans with Kasansa and 376 childbirth and 117 Caesareans with Tshilenge. Disastrous Caesarean dropped by 7% (from 12.8% to 11.9%) with Kasansa and raised of 143.3% with Tshilenge (from 6% to 14.6%). Perinatal mortality dropped by 69.5% in 2015 and 51.8% in 2016 and maternal mortality dropped respectively by 100% in 2015 and in 2016 of 35.9%. Conclusion: During 24 months concerned with the study (of January 2015 with December 2016), the practice of the Caesarean Knew has fell into the two structures except for maternity of Tshilenge 2016. Thus, the improvement of the maternal forecast master keys rather by year improvement of the quality of the obstetric assumption of responsibility but not by the increase amongst operational childbirth. Thesis results encourage custom to analyze the participation of the various disastrous indications in the variation of the Caesarean in this medium.
Factors Associated with Acquired Infections Caesarian Wounds in Maternity Mbuji-Mayi/DR Congo  [PDF]
Jean Christophe Bukasa, Augustin Kadiata, Andre Guillaume Kabongo, Didier Lepelletier, Decas Blood Banza, Jean Jacques Bukasa, Félicien Ilunga, Andre Mutombo, Senghor Ngoyi Mbo, Angelique Bandimuna, Sébatien Kashimpo, Alexis Ntambwe, Stany Wembonyama
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104437
Abstract:
Introduction: The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors associated with nosocomial infections of caesarean section wounds in the maternity hospitals of the city of Mbuji-Mayi. Methods: This study was conducted in 25 maternities of general referral hospitals, clinics and hospitals in the city of Mbuji-Mayi during the period from 1 February to 1 June 2017, out of 171 parturients cesarized that were followed during a period of 4 months. A survey questionnaire was used to collect the data. Results: Out of 171 parturients monitored, surgical site infection developed 52 (SSI), an incidence of 30.4%. After analysis, nine factors were identified as associated post-caesarean SSI in Mbuji-Mayi city (p ≤ 0.05): age (p = 0.000), anemia (p = 0.000), prolonged duration of labor delivery (p = 0.001), premature rupture of the membranes before caesarean section (p = 0.044), prolonged duration after-rupture of the membranes (p = 0.000), preparation of the operative site by shaving (p = 0.029), surgery by general practitioner (p = 0.023), duration of operation greater than 60 minutes (p = 0.040), non-compliance with asepsis during dressing (p = 0.000). Conclusion: The fight against nosocomial infections must be a permanent concern: the prevention and regular monitoring of these infections must be the control strategies of each hospital structure, under the watchful eye of a coordination center for the fight nosocomial infections.
The Production of CNT Flower-Like Structures with 3-Fold and 4-Fold Symmetries on a Pt/Si Substrate  [PDF]
Madjid Arab, Marjorie David, Jean-Christophe Valmalette, Christophe Ramseyer
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science (ACES) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aces.2013.31009
Abstract:

Carbon nanotubes flower (CNTs-F) films were prepared by catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on a platinum (Pt) thin layer, supported on a silicon wafer. The products were synthesized from an aerosol composed of ferrocene and toluene, as catalyst and carbon precursor respectively, at 820\"\". The high synthesis temperature induces a modification of a Pt thin layer to a nano-structured island giving rise to the formation of CNTs-F during the following films growth step by CVD process. The suggested mechanism involves the selective diffusion of the catalyst and carbon atoms through the Pt grain boundaries. This results in the appearance of flower-like structures with 3-and 4-fold symmetries.

Child health inequities in developing countries: differences across urban and rural areas
Jean-Christophe Fotso
International Journal for Equity in Health , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1475-9276-5-9
Abstract: The most recent data sets available from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) of 15 countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are used. The selection criteria were set to ensure that the number of countries, their geographical spread across Western/Central and Eastern/Southern Africa, and their socioeconomic diversities, constitute a good yardstick for the region and allow us to draw some generalizations. A household wealth index is constructed in each country and area (urban, rural), and the odds ratio between its uppermost and lowermost category, derived from multilevel logistic models, is used as a measure of socioeconomic inequalities. Control variables include mother's and father's education, community socioeconomic status (SES) designed to represent the broad socio-economic ecology of the neighborhoods in which families live, and relevant mother- and child-level covariates.Across countries in SSA, though socioeconomic inequalities in stunting do exist in both urban and rural areas, they are significantly larger in urban areas. Intra-urban differences in child malnutrition are larger than overall urban-rural differentials in child malnutrition, and there seem to be no visible relationships between within-urban inequities in child health on the one hand, and urban population growth, urban malnutrition, or overall rural-urban differentials in malnutrition, on the other. Finally, maternal and father's education, community SES and other measurable covariates at the mother and child levels only explain a slight part of the within-urban differences in child malnutrition.The urban advantage in health masks enormous disparities between the poor and the non-poor in urban areas of SSA. Specific policies geared at preferentially improving the health and nutrition of the urban poor should be implemented, so that while targeting the best attainable average level of health, reducing gaps between population groups is also on target. To successfully monitor the gaps between ur
Derivations of the Moyal Algebra and Noncommutative Gauge Theories
Jean-Christophe Wallet
Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry : Methods and Applications , 2009,
Abstract: The differential calculus based on the derivations of an associative algebra underlies most of the noncommutative field theories considered so far. We review the essential properties of this framework and the main features of noncommutative connections in the case of non graded associative unital algebras with involution. We extend this framework to the case of Z2-graded unital involutive algebras. We show, in the case of the Moyal algebra or some related Z2-graded version of it, that the derivation based differential calculus is a suitable framework to construct Yang-Mills-Higgs type models on Moyal (or related) algebras, the covariant coordinates having in particular a natural interpretation as Higgs fields. We also exhibit, in one situation, a link between the renormalisable NC φ4-model with harmonic term and a gauge theory model. Some possible consequences of this are briefly discussed.
Mitomycins syntheses: a recent update
Jean-Christophe Andrez
Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry , 2009, DOI: 10.3762/bjoc.5.33
Abstract: Mitomycins are a class of very potent antibacterial and anti-cancer compounds having a broad activity against a range of tumours. They have been used in clinics since the 1960’s, and the challenges represented by their total synthesis have challenged generations of chemists. Despite these chemical and medicinal features, these compounds, in racemic form, have succumbed to total synthesis only four times over the last 30 years.
Villégiatures de Nouvelle-Zélande
Jean-Christophe Gay
M@ppemonde , 2012,
Abstract:
Fichte or the permanent Aboriginal Revolution
Goddard Jean-Christophe
Theoria, Beograd , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/theo1203045g
Abstract: L'article se propose, à partir d'une interprétation strictement littérale de la différence anthropologique que fait Fichte au début du septième discours des "Discours à la nation allemande" entre l’"Ausland" et l’"Urvolk", d'engager un principe de lecture entièrement renouvelé de la "Wissenschaftslehre". A la "Nichtursprunglichkeit" de l'"Ausl nder", l'article oppose la dimension littéralement aborigène de l'"Urvolk", la dimension essentiellement native de tout peuple dans la mesure où son être n’est pas seulement factuel ou historique, mais génétique, c’est-à-dire est intégralement constitué par les pratiques symboliques, immatérielles, non généalogiques, à travers lesquelles il s’imagine et se forme ("sich bildet") contin ment lui-même pour lui-même. Cette révolution permanente du peuple aborigène est ce à quoi la "Wissenschaftslehre", en tant que performance orale et purement actuelle, qui ne survit dans aucun texte, mais dans sa seule reprise orale, se propose d'initier ses auditeurs. Les multiples exposés de la "Wissenschaftslehre" étant, en réalité, autant de parcours uniques, incommensurables, consistant dans des expérimentations actives, dynamiques et collectives, d'un "sich bilden" sans fondement et libre de toute forme arrêtée.
Le tourisme dans les outre-mers de l'océan Pacifique
Jean-Christophe Gay
Mappemonde , 1999,
Abstract: Les outre-mers du Pacifique n'ont que peu bénéficié du spectaculaire essor du tourisme dans cette zone, lié au développement économique de l'Asie orientale. Bien que l'augmentation du flux touristique soit lente dans les TOM, on assiste à une réorganisation spatiale du tourisme, tout particulièrement en Polynésie fran aise.
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