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Tainted Policy  [PDF]
Joan M. Sakalas
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2014.42007
Abstract:

The article revisits the 1996 revision of “welfare policy” in the United States. Often public policy is written and publicized in glowing terms that describe the wonderful changes we will see in the future. Unfortunately we often uncritically believe projected accomplishments of policy changes to be actual accomplishments. This article documents the gap between reality and publicity. It focuses on the demonization of single mothers and the justification of reduced societal responsibility for those living in poverty and outlines how we might re-envision policy that would be reality based.

Exploring Creative Environments through the Child’s Lens  [PDF]
Deirdre Grogan, Joan Martlew
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.516170
Abstract: There is strong governmental support within the UK to develop creativity and emphasise the importance of its role in learning and teaching. Sharp (2003) identified issues, gaps and priorities for further research that looked at the impact on children of working with professional artists in terms of their creativity. This paper explores the initial findings of an evaluation report conducted by a university research team, exploring the creative performances designed by Starcatchers , an organisation developing performing arts experiences for children aged birth to 4 years. The research team consisted of four action researchers who were each attached to an artist in residence working in four theatre venues across Scotland. The artists involved represented four different art domains: puppetry, visual arts, artistic experiences informed by playing therapy and installation work. The researchers collaborated with the artists to observe children’s engagement, provide feedback, discuss projects, and record the processes of project development. This paper seeks to explore the artists’ experience of designing and implementing participative performance events and the nature and processes of working with young children in performing arts. It focuses on an exploration of the creative learning processes which were developed by the artists in residence to promote children’s creativity and involvement in the visual arts. The role of the artist is examined and key aspects are suggested with a view to enhancing the creative learning experiences provided for children within educational contexts, indicating points for consideration by adults charged with the responsibility of planning and developing environments which support young children’s creativity.
Lp and weak L1 estimates for the maximal Riesz transform and the maximal Beurling transform
Joan Mateu,Joan Verdera
Mathematics , 2006,
Abstract: We estimate in Lp the maximal Riesz transform in terms of the Riesz transform itself for p greater than 1. In the limiting case p=1 the weak L1 inequality is shown to fail. Surprisingly, the weak L1 inequality for the maximal Beurling transform in terms of the Beurling transform does hold.
Estimates for the maximal singular integral in terms of the singular integral:the case of even kernels
Joan Mateu,Joan Orobitg,Joan Verdera
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to describe the smooth homogeneous Calderon-Zygmund operators for which the maximal singular integral T*f may be controlled by the singular integral Tf. We consider two types of control. The first is the L2 estimate of T*f by Tf, namely the estimate of the L2 norm of T*f by a constant times the L2 norm of Tf. The second is the pointwise estimate of T*f(x) by a constant times M(Tf)(x), where M denotes the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator. Notice that this is an improved variant of Cotlar's inequality, because the term Mf(x) is missing on the right hand side. Our main result states that, for even operators, both are equivalent to a purely algebraic condition formulated in terms of the expansion of the kernel in spherical harmonics. The condition holds by higher order Riesz transforms, which then satisfy an improved version of Cotlar's inequality
Extra cancellation of even Calderon-Zygmund operators and quasiconformal mappings
Joan Mateu,Joan Orobitg,Joan Verdera
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: We discuss a special class of Beltrami coefficients whose associated quasiconformal mapping is bilipschitz. These are of the form the characteristic function of a planar bounded domain with smooth boundary of class C 1+epsilon times a density of class Lip epsilon on the domain. The crucial fact in the argument is the special extracancellation property of even Calderon-Zygmund kernels, namely that they have zero integral on half the unit ball. This property is expressed in a particularly suggestive way and is shown to have far-reaching consequences. The main result may also be viewed as a Lipschitz regularity result for the Beltrami equation, and so for certain planar second order elliptic equations in divergence form.
Towards the visualization of genome activity at nanoscale dimensions
Joan Politz
Genome Biology , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/gb-2006-7-1-304
Abstract: It is a rare meeting where one can hear the latest developments in comparative genome analysis, relate these findings to advances in understanding both the linear and three-dimensional organization of the eukaryotic genome, and see it all beginning to fit into the context of the structure and function of the nucleus, visualized using state-of-the art labeling and microscopic techniques. These cross-disciplinary areas of research have been presented by a diverse group of scientists for the past five years at the Nanostructural Genomics meeting at the Jackson Laboratory in Bar Harbor, and the 2005 meeting again gave attendees much food for thought.In his opening address, Timothy O'Brien (Cornell University, Ithaca, USA) outlined his view of how genomics, cell biology and optical physics all work together to create an accurate picture of nuclear structure and function, which can lead to important insights into cellular form and function. He discussed his studies of a several megabase region surrounding the mouse piebald locus, a genetically defined region named after a coat-color gene within it. He used comparative genomics to learn more about the nature of particular deletions in this region that cause neonatal respiratory distress and death. This information was coupled to high-resolution visualization of gene-rich and gene-poor sections of this region in the nucleus, and to the prediction of potential transcription-factor binding sites for specific genes, such as sprouty2, a gene involved in lung branching morphogenesis.Considering comparative genomics at the sequence level, Ross Hardison (Pennsylvania State University, University Park, USA) discussed new algorithms designed to identify important genomic regions that may not be coding sequence but are nevertheless conserved between organisms. These algorithms, including phastCons and RP (regulatory potential), use methodology such as alphabet clustering, where different nucleotide-sequence patterns are each classifi
Socioeconomic status and self-reported asthma in Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian adults aged 18-64 years: analysis of national survey data
Joan Cunningham
International Journal for Equity in Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1475-9276-9-18
Abstract: I analysed weighted data on self-reported current diagnosed asthma and a range of socio-economic and demographic measures for 5,417 Indigenous and 15,432 non-Indigenous adults aged 18-64 years from two nationally representative surveys conducted in parallel by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in 2004-05.Current asthma prevalence was higher for Indigenous than non-Indigenous people in every age group. After adjusting for age and sex, main language and place of residence were significantly associated with asthma prevalence in both populations. Traditional SES variables such as education, income and employment status were significantly associated with asthma in the non-Indigenous but not the Indigenous population. For example, age-and sex-adjusted relative odds of asthma among those who did not complete Year 10 (versus those who did) was 1.2 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.0-1.5) in the non-Indigenous population versus 1.0 (95% CI 0.8-1.3) in the Indigenous population.The socioeconomic patterning of asthma among Indigenous Australians is much less pronounced than for other chronic diseases such as diabetes and kidney disease, and contrasts with asthma patterns in the non-Indigenous population. This may be due in part to the episodic nature of asthma, and the well-known challenges in diagnosing it, especially among people with limited health literacy and/or limited access to health care, both of which are more likely in the Indigenous population. It may also reflect the importance of exposures occurring across the socioeconomic spectrum among Indigenous Australians, such as racism, and discrimination, marginalization and dispossession, chronic stress and exposure to violence.Despite its status as an important cause of morbidity worldwide, the epidemiology of asthma remains less developed than that of other chronic conditions such as heart disease and cancer [1,2]. In recent years, there has been increasing recognition of the importance of the social as well as physic
Socioeconomic disparities in self-reported cardiovascular disease for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian adults: analysis of national survey data
Joan Cunningham
Population Health Metrics , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1478-7954-8-31
Abstract: Weighted data on self-reported CVD and several SES measures were analyzed for 5,417 Indigenous and 15,432 non-Indigenous adults aged 18-64 years from two nationally representative surveys conducted in parallel by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in 2004-05.After adjusting for age and sex, self-reported CVD prevalence was generally higher among those of lower SES in both the Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations. The relative odds of self-reported CVD were generally similar in the two populations. For example, the relative odds of self-reported CVD for those who did not complete Year 10 (versus those who did) was 1.4 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1-1.8) among Indigenous people and 1.3 (95% CI: 1.2-1.5) among non-Indigenous people. However, Indigenous people generally had higher self-reported CVD levels than non-Indigenous people of the same age and SES group. Although smoking history varied by SES, smoking did not explain the observed relationships between SES and self-reported CVD.Socioeconomic disparities in self-reported CVD among Indigenous Australians appear similar in relative terms to those seen in non-Indigenous Australians, but absolute differences remain. As with other population groups, the socioeconomic heterogeneity of the Indigenous population must be considered in developing and implementing programs to promote health and prevent illness. In addition, factors that operate across the SES spectrum, such as racism, stress, dispossession, and grief, must also be addressed to reduce the burden of CVD.Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality, accounting for 32% of female deaths and 27% of male deaths worldwide in 2004 [1]. The CVD burden is particularly pronounced among Indigenous Australians, who are three times more likely than other Australians to die from CVD [2]. In 2001-05, CVD accounted for more than one-quarter of all excess Indigenous deaths [3].In describing the global CVD burden, Yusuf and colleagues
Genocidio y procreación
Frigolé, Joan;
Alteridades , 2009,
Abstract: this paper's aim is to examine the relationship between genocide and procreation from a comparative perspective, focusing on three cases of genocide survivors (australian, argentinean, and german), and the reconstitution of their contexts. an additional objective is to examine the concepts of cultural genocide and pre-modern genocide in relation to the following dichotomies: biological/cultural, physical/social, and material/symbolic. in the study of procreation, the consideration of the relationship between culture and biology is pivotal to its analysis because of the importance in defining the human individual and as a basis for the definition of genocide that integrates both physical and symbolic violence (massive homicide, forced sterilization, abduction and dispersal of children, as well as forced cultural assimilation).
El desplazamiento en la teoría de la propiedad de John Locke: del criterio de necesidad a la teoría del valor para justificar la colonización inglesa en América
Chumbita,Joan;
Cuyo , 2011,
Abstract: locke's theory of property appears in the context of the state of nature, whose empirical correlate is the english colonization of america. this is the basis upon which three elements can be articulated: the appeal to theology in order to found unilaterally private property anywhere in the world; the change from the criterion of necessity to the theory of value to justify private property; and the assumption of abundance which makes it possible without having recourse to political pact or social consensus. in this sense, if locke's theory of property has come to be essential to legitimize the liberalism which modelled america since the english colonization and the american constitution, the fact that america is the example for its earliest and most distinguished theorist, allows to a better understanding of the essential nature of the relationship between liberalism and colonialism.
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