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Surrogate Motherhood in Colombia as a Gender Situation  [PDF]
José Antonio García Pereánez, Lina María Ríos Martínez, Jeisson Londono Quiroz
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104943
Abstract:
Surrogate motherhood is an assisted human reproduction method. This method is developed when a woman, in this case, genetic substitute, commits to carry a baby with the obligation to deliver him/her to the contracting parties when he/she is born. This paper reports the analysis of “Surrogate Motherhood in Colombia as a Gender Situation”, which was achieved by applying guidelines of qualitative research, investigating the Colombian Law, Jurisprudence, and Doctrine on regulation in issues of surrogate motherhood. It was found that this practice is violating the dignity of women, and gives a category of “thing” to the human being. In these two members of Centro Democrático political party, following a legal, social, and ethical study on surrogate motherhood, articulated the Bill 026, 2016, seeking to give a greater protection to women and children conceived under this method, after years of failed bills, as was the case of 037, 2009. This analysis concluded that this practice has been carried out in Colombia in a disproportionate manner, which entails the violation of human rights for both the unborn child and the newborn baby resulting from this practice, as well as for the other participants.
Consideraciones sobre la despenalización del aborto en Colombia
García Pereá?ez,José Antonio;
Iatreia , 2010,
Abstract: ruling c-325 by the constitutional court of the republic of colombia in 2006 constitutes a framework for the interpretation and analysis of restricted liberalization of abortion in colombia. in the heated context of the colombian idiosyncrasy, such decision by the court was a complicated task, made even harder by the fact that the issue of abortion is discussed not only by the law, but by other scientific and philosophical disciplines and normative systems as well. this paper is divided into four parts. first, the issues constituting the background of the decision by the court are presented and analyzed. then, the legal and ideological debate preceding the decision is considered. third, the decision is seen from the perspective of bioethics. and finally, some consequences of this decision within the colombian context are briefly mentioned.
Consideraciones sobre la despenalización del aborto en Colombia Remarks on abortion decriminalization in Colombia
José Antonio García Pereá?ez
Iatreia , 2010,
Abstract: La Corte Constitucional de Colombia, con la Sentencia C-325 de 2006, proporciona una fuente de análisis e interpretación jurídica para la despenalización del aborto en Colombia. Esa es una tarea difícil, ya que, por un lado, la población colombiana en la actualidad manifiesta una gran polarización respecto al tema, y por otro, la despenalización del aborto es objeto no solo del derecho sino también de diversas disciplinas científicas y filosóficas y de sistemas normativos como la ética, la moral y la religión. En este artículo se analiza, en primer lugar, lo que llevó a la Corte onstitucional a pronunciarse sobre la despenalización del aborto en Colombia. En segundo lugar, se tratan las consideraciones de la Corte y el debate jurídico-ideológico que tuvo que librar para llegar a su decisión. A renglón seguido, se hace un análisis desde la bioética del debate ético-moral que ha generado tal Sentencia; y por último, se infieren algunas implicaciones de esta norma dentro del complejo funcionamiento de la sociedad colombiana. Ruling C-325 by the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Colombia in 2006 constitutes a framework for the interpretation and analysis of restricted liberalization of abortion in Colombia. In the heated context of the Colombian idiosyncrasy, such decision by the Court was a complicated task, made even harder by the fact that the issue of abortion is discussed not only by the Law, but by other scientific and philosophical disciplines and normative systems as well. This paper is divided into four parts. First, the issues constituting the background of the decision by the Court are presented and analyzed. Then, the legal and ideological debate preceding the decision is considered. Third, the decision is seen from the perspective of bioethics. And finally, some consequences of this decision within the Colombian context are briefly mentioned.
Analysis of Formation in Communicative Competences for the Medical Act in Universidad de Antioquia Medicine School Undergraduate Program  [PDF]
José Antonio García Pereá?ez
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2016.412012
Abstract: This research study was conducted at the undergraduate program of the Medicine Faculty of Universidad de Antioquia. Its main purpose was to analyze the training in communication skills for the medical act. To this purpose, a triangulation between a representative survey of the students, some interviews and focal groups between students and professors, and an analysis of a curricular document on the contents of communication as a generic skill were done. This study allowed us to conclude that the definition of generic competence in communication cannot be established without the participation of the medicine curriculum actors, and that it is paramount to integrate this learning to this university program. The result of the present study is a proposal to include the communicative competence for the medical act in the curriculum of the Medicine Faculty of Universidad de Antioquia.
Ethical and Legal Arguments about Telemedicine in Colombia  [PDF]
José Antonio García Pereá?ez
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2017.53013
Abstract:
This paper makes a reflection of humanistic approach about telemedicine in the cyber culture context, including a debate on the “digital era” and the nature of human communication. It is aimed at interpreting the influence of the technological era in the communication between the emitting subjects and receptors that emerge from communicative relations in telemedicine. This is the result of the analysis on legitimacy and legality of Communication for Health among individuals interacting in the cyberspace, mediated and conceived by modern technologies such as computer science, telematics and cybernetics. Telemedicine, according to ethical and legal proposals, can be subject of criticism because of the displacement of the medical doctor-patient relationship. Bigger distance and asymmetries in the medical act are established, being exposed to the inter-subjective relations of the cyberspace that immerses the patient into a deeper vulnerability, mediated by the technology that overflows him. A literature review through the empirical-analytical method, aimed at describing the impact of telemedicine in users, was done. This technology of recent use in Colombia promises to become a tool to support the solution of some health problems. Its development must be linked to the use of regulations that involve the “must be”, and its application must be decided according to legal principles that take on responsibility on medical doctors and technicians. The inevitable development of medical technology and its application in telemedicine may lead to the vulnerability of ethical principles, and consequently, the harm and misinterpretation of the medical act.
Normas de comunicación impresa de las marcas de textil y calzado deportivo en publicaciones de baloncesto. (Print advertising of footwear and apparel sports brands in basketball magazines).
José Antonio Martínez García
RICYDE : Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte , 2012,
Abstract: Esta investigación realiza una descripción de las diferentes formas de comunicación que han realizado las empresas de textil y calzado deportivo en las revistas de baloncesto espa olas y publicaciones periódicas en los últimos 32 a os (1980-2011). Para ello, se han analizado 3122 ejemplares de publicaciones, que representan más del 97,5% de los números lanzados en todos estos a os, además de decenas de entrevistas personales a profesionales vinculados con las marcas y los medios de comunicación. La publicidad, las relaciones públicas y la promoción se entremezclan en un amalgama de opciones que las empresas tienen a su disposición y que, en muchos casos, suelen negociar con las publicaciones para obtener condiciones ventajosas y producir sinergias en la integración de sus decisiones de comunicación. Así, el abanico de posibilidades que esta investigación muestra para ambas partes, marcas y medios de comunicación, es sin duda, una de las principales contribuciones que este estudio aporta al mundo de la gestión y comunicación de marketing en el deporte.Abstract This research shows in detail the different ways of communication footwear and apparel sports brands have used in basketball magazines and newspapers since 1980. To achieve this aim, 3122 issues of the available publications have been analyzed, which it is more than 97.5% of the total population. In addition several personal interviews have been carried out to executive and practitioners linked with sports brand and mass media. Therefore, this study depicts more than 50 different options brands may use to achieve communication actions, providing an unique resource regarding how brands have made advertising, publicity and promotion within these publications. These three forms of communications interact among them, providing companies multiple options to marketing managers. Within this context, deals between brands and magazines are commonly achieved in order to obtain synergies in the integrated marketing communication. Therefore, this research is a valuable contribution to sport management and marketing communication, because of the practical implications to sport brands and magazines.
Estudio de la invarianza de escala mediante el método de cálculo integral en la medición de la calidad percibida de los servicios deportivos. (Analysing scale invariance through integral calculus when measuring perceived quality in sports services.)
José Antonio Martínez García
RICYDE : Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte , 2009,
Abstract: Resumen Esta investigación presenta un nuevo método para el estudio de la invarianza de escala que complementa otros métodos existentes, lo que contribuye a realizar un análisis ecléctico y multifocal de un problema importante en la investigación de marketing, y en particular en la investigación de servicios deportivos. Este método está basado en la utilización del cálculo integral y tiene una sencilla interpretación geométrica. Se describen y comparan varios procedimientos para testar la invarianza de escala, y se realiza un re-análisis de la investigación de Martínez y Martínez (2008b) sobre la percepción de calidad del consumidor de servicios deportivos. Los resultados muestran cómo existen diferencias sobre las conclusiones originales de estos autores. De este modo, las escalas de siete opciones de respuesta sí son invariantes, mientras que la de cinco opciones no lo son. Finalmente, se discuten las bondades y las limitaciones del método integral, abogando por la triangulación estadística para dar robustez a los resultados empíricos.Abstract This research introduces a new method to analyse scale invariance, which overcomes some shortcomings of other procedures. Under an eclectic perspective, this method must help to provide insights in the marketing research discipline, and specifically in the sports service management. The method is grounded on the use of definite integrals to compute the area between two functions. In addition, several procedures for testing scale invariance are depicted and compared. An empirical application is achieved by re-analysing the study of Martínez & Martínez (2008b) on perceived quality in sports services. Results shows that misleading conclusions were derived from the original study of those authors. Finally, advantages and shortcomings of the new method are discussed.
Un método probabilístico para las clasificaciones estadísticas de jugadores en baloncesto. (A probabilistic method to statistically classify players in basketball).
José Antonio Martínez García
RICYDE : Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte , 2010,
Abstract: Resumen En esta investigación presentamos una nueva forma de interpretar las estadísticas individuales de la Liga ACB de baloncesto. Para ello, proponemos un enfoque probabilístico de los números individuales obtenidos por cada jugador al final de la temporada regular. Esto convierte a cada valor conseguido en un estimador del valor real teórico, por lo que tiene un error asociado que, en función de su magnitud, influye en los rankings de líderes estadísticos de la ACB. Asimismo, realizamos una aproximación paramétrica para cuantificar un tama o de error máximo admisible, que debe servir como criterio para considerar si un jugador debe ser incluido en los rankings de cada apartado estadístico. Dada la importancia creciente que la utilización de la estadística está teniendo en el baloncesto profesional, este método presenta una contribución novedosa al análisis del desempe o de los jugadores, análisis que repercute en su valor económico y mediático, es decir, en el valor de mercado de éstos.Abstract We introduce a method to re-elaborate the rankings of individual stats in the ACB League. The method is based on a probabilistic approach to interpret the individual performance achieved by each basketball player at the end of the regular season. Therefore, each individual record is an estimate of the real value of the parameter, with the corresponding associated error. The size of this error influences the final elaborated ranking. Under a parametric approach, we quantify the size of a maximum admissible error. Because of the growing interest of statistics in basketball, our proposal is a valuable contribution to analyse the performance of players, which is highly related to their market value.
Crítica de Libros.
Fernando Colina Pérez,Mauricio Jalón,Francisco Perea García,José María álvarez Martínez
Revista de la Asociación Espa?ola de Neuropsiquiatría , 1997,
Abstract: Alberto FERNáNDEZ LIRIA, Mariano HERNáNDEZ MONSALVE, Beatriz RODRíGUEZ VEGA (coords.), Psicoterapias en el sector púbUco: un marco para la integración. Madrid, Asociación Espa ola de Neuropsiquiatría, 1997. Emilio GAMO MEDINA, Rosa GóMEZ ESTEBAN (coords.), Grupos terapéuticos y asistencia pública. Madrid, Asociación Espa ola de Neuropsiquiatría. 1997. José LEAL RUBIO (coord.), Equipos e instituciones de salud (menta/). Salud (mental) de equipos e instituciones, Madrid. Asociación Espa ola de Neuropsiquiatría, 1997. Fernando Colina Michel FOUCAULT, JI Jaut défendre la société , París. Gallimard / Le SeuiL 1997. Mauricio Jalón Fernando COLINA, Escritos psicóticos. Madrid, DOR, 1996. Francisco Pere a Germán BERRIOS, Filiberto FUENTENEBRO DIEGO, Delirio. Historia, clínica, metateoría. Madrid, Trotta. 1996. José María álvarez VV.AA., Salud mental y psicoanálisis aplicado , Notas freudianas. Revista de la Escuela Europea de Psicoanálisis. Grupo de Estudios de Asturias. 1996, n.o 2. José María álvarez Michel SERRES, La comunicación (Hermes 1), Barcelona, Anthropos, 1996. Mauricio Jalón Juan BENET, Páginas impares, Madrid, Alfaguara, 1996. Mauricio Jalón
La validez discriminante como criterio de evaluación de escalas: ?teoría o estadística?
MARTíNEZ-GARCíA,JOSé ANTONIO; MARTíNEZ-CARO,LAURA;
Universitas Psychologica , 2009,
Abstract: discriminant validity is one of the usual criteria for evaluating measurement scales that define latent constructs in social sciences. this article shows how different statistical procedures frequently used for accomplishing this aim can yield misleading results. authors recommend a theoretical judgement about divergence among scales that are manifestation of latent concepts. therefore, content validity represents a robust condition against certain covariance statistical based analysis.
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