oalib

OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721

费用:99美元

投稿

匹配条件: “Judith Sangwa Sinanduku” ,找到相关结果约2776条。
列表显示的所有文章,均可免费获取
第1页/共2776条
每页显示
Management of Premature Infants Using the Kangaroo Method versus the Classic Method: Morbidity and Prognosis Associated with in Sendwe General Hospital in Lubumbashi (DR Congo)  [PDF]
Judith Sangwa Sinanduku, Gray Kanteng, Franck Moma, Stanis Wembonyama Okitotsho, Oscar Luboya
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105150
Abstract:
Introduction: This study aims to compare the benefit of two low low-birth weight newborn management methods, namely the “classic” method using incubators, and the Kangaroo method in a hospital setting; and determine the survival prognosis associated with each of these methods. Methods: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study from 2013 to 2015 at the Jason Sendwe General Hospital in Lubumbashi (DR Congo). A total of 200 cases of low birth weight infants were included, followed by one or the other of the methods evaluated. Results: The average weight at the exit was better under Kangaroo (2191.8 ± 212.1 g versus 2068.6 ± 476.5 g) as well as the average gain in weight per day (52.2 ± 9.5 g versus 31.0 ± 15.1 g). Fewer episodes of hypothermia were noted under Kangaroo, and the duration of stay was shorter (10.2 ± 2.9 days versus 13.0 ± 5.4 days). Logistic regression showed that the Kangaroo method is better for the management of premature infants (p = 0.004, ORa = 4.39 (1.60 - 12.04)). Survival is significantly higher under the Kangaroo method (p < 0.001). The median survival under Kangaroo versus classical method was 16 (EIQ: 15 - 16) and 10 (EIQ: 9 - 10) months, respectively. The incidence of Kangaroo deaths was 0.3 cases per 100 P-J versus 1.9 cases per 100 P-D (P < 0.001) using the conventional method. Conclusion: The Kangaroo method is applicable and offers guarantees of a beneficial management in the newborn with low birth weight.
Retrospective Study of the Use of a Fractional Radio Frequency Ablative Device in the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris and Related Acne Scars  [PDF]
Judith Hellman
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2015.54038
Abstract: Background: Acne vulgaris (AV) is a common disease that often results in disfiguring facial scarring that carries into adulthood. Here we report our experience with fractional radiofrequency (FRF) device in treatment of patients with acne and acne related scarring. Materials & Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of all patients with acne scarring who completed a four treatment regimen in our clinic. Results: We identified eight patients who completed four treatments with median age of 20.5 years (range 17 - 41). All patients demonstrated significant improvement of acne lesions and acne scarring. Skin biopsies demonstrated reduction of scar depth and increased new collagen production, and repopulation of the scar tissue by elastic fibers and adnexal structures after the fourth treatment. Conclusion: FRF emerges as a safe and effective treatment modality for AV and acne related scars. Further randomized controlled studies are required to fully evaluate the magnitude of this positive effect and more basic science studies are needed in order to better characterize its mechanism of action on acne lesions.
The Post-Modern Mind. A Reconsideration of John Ashbery’s “Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror” (1975) from the Viewpoint of an Interdisciplinary History of Ideas  [PDF]
Roland Benedikter, Judith Hilber
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.21010
Abstract: This paper gives a short description of basic features of the dominating mindset in the Western world between the 1970s and today, often called “post-modern”, through a re-reading of John Ashbery’s poem “Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror” (1975). In doing so, it applies the viewpoint of an interdisciplinary history of ideas. Since collective mindsets have become the most important contextual political factors, the implications are multiple.
Gender Differences and Leadership Styles in a Non Secular Setting  [PDF]
Judith Corbett Carter
Open Journal of Leadership (OJL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojl.2012.11001
Abstract: Women are increasingly taking on the role of religious leaders despite some institutional barriers. Do ef- fective female clergy lead differently than effective male clergy? The focus of this study was to examine gender differences in the context of non secular leadership. The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) styles and NEO-Five Factor Inventory (FFI) was used to measure leadership and personal charac- teristics of female and male pastors. Limited findings indicate that female pastors were higher in Open- ness and Charisma than male pastors.
“I’ve Got the Pilot”: An Interpretation of Flight, a Film by John Gatins, Writer, and Robert Zemeckis, Director  [PDF]
Judith Ferster, Paul Weiser
Advances in Literary Study (ALS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/als.2014.23013
Abstract:

Robert Zemeckis’s recent film Flight, about a talented but flawed commercial airline pilot (played by Denzel Washington) is discussed on both the realistic and allegorical levels, showing the relationship between the contemporary plot and the fifteenth-century morality play, The Summoning of Everyman. Evidence for and against the different kinds of interpretation is identified and discussed. The film forces the main character to make a series of progressively more difficult and significant ethical decisions about drugs, alcohol, friends (true and false), lovers, and personal atonement that challenge him. The audience must make an interpretive decision between the possible levels of meaning.

Illness and Medication Appraisals In People with HIVDeciding to Begin Antiretroviral Treatment  [PDF]
Judith Wrubel, Judith T. Moskowitz, Eunice Stephens, Mallory O. Johnson
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.22019
Abstract: Deciding to initiate antiretroviral treatment (ART) for HIV involves a number of factors, including how one thinks about disease (illness appraisals) and how one thinks about treatment (medication appraisals). We conducted semi-structured interviews with 20 adults who were deciding whether to begin ART, in which participants were asked to relate their experience of testing positive, their experience with medications other than ART, and their thoughts about ART. Digital recordings were transcribed for team-based narrative analysis. In response to HIV+ diagnosis, participants described the following appraisals: 1) HIV is a threat to mortality; 2) nonacceptance of the HIV diagnosis; 3) HIV is associated with stigma and rejection; and, 4) the HIV diagnosis meant betrayal by a cared for other. Medication appraisals included: 1) negative feelings about medications in general, 2) taking HIV medication would create a personal crisis; 3) the benefits of taking HIV medication would not outweigh the costs; 4) doubts whether they could adhere, and 5) taking medications would be stigmatizing. Illness and medication appraisals may represent barriers to initiating and adhering to treatment and should be taken into account in helping clients to cope with their diagnosis and manage their healthcare.
Evaluation of Self-Treatment of Acne Using Silk’n Blue Phototherapy System  [PDF]
Judith Hellman, Cielo A. Ramirez
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2014.43025
Abstract:

Background: At-home phototherapy devices for the treatment of acne have emerged as an appealing treatment option and as an effective adjunct treatment to existing modalities. The principal goal of the study was to determine the changes in the number of inflammatory lesions in acne patients. Methods: Patients received instruction for daily at-home use of Silk’n Blue device for 12 weeks. Follow-up visits were conducted at 1 and 3 months to collect data. Results: Fifteen subjects with mild to severe cases experienced improvement over the course of the trial. The decrease in mean inflammatory acne counts (from 41.26 to 24.46) and mean percent reduction (41.8%) were statistically significant (p < 0.001). Some participants experienced percent reductions as great as 67%. No adverse events were recorded. Conclusions: The Silk’n Blue device is a safe and effective modality for at-home treatment of mild, moderate, and severe inflammatory acne vulgaris with proper use.

Evaluation of Tobacco Use and Her-2 Receptor Expression in Breast Cancer in an Ethnically Diverse Inner-City Population  [PDF]
Damien M. Hansra, Judith Hurley
Open Journal of Epidemiology (OJEpi) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2014.42014
Abstract: Background: Tobacco is linked to most cancers however despite overwhelming biological plausibility and decades of epidemiological studies, no association has been established between tobacco and breast cancer. Although estrogen receptor status has been looked at as a variable there has been no evaluation of the role of Her-2 and smoking in breast cancer. Methods: Review of records from patients treated at the University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital from 1998-2012. The incidence of smoking and Her-2 expression in1255 women was evaluated. Data was analyzed by age, race, ethnic group, menopausal status, tumor stage, and ER/PR/Her-2 receptor status. Results: 1255 charts were analyzed with 1094 having full information. Overall rate of Her-2 expression 18.1%. The rate of Her-2 expression was 21.4% in smokers and 17.0% in non-smokers (p = 0.10). The rate of Her-2 expression was 10.8% in Caucasian smokers and 9.8% in Caucasian non-smokers (p = 0.88); 24.5% in smokers of African descent and 17.3% in non-smokers of African descent (p = 0.24); 22.9% in Latino smokers and 17.4% in Latino non-smokers (p = 0.10). The rate of Her-2/ER expression was 9.4% in smokers and 7.9% in non-smokers (p = 0.42); 5.4% in Caucasian smokers and 4.9% in Caucasian non-smokers (p = 0.916); 12.2% in smokers of African descent and 5.9% in non-smokers of African descent (p = 0.11); 9.5% in Latin smokers and 8.8% in Latin non-smokers (p = 0.77). Conclusions: We found non-statistically significant positive associations in all analyses between Her-2 expression with or without ER expression and tobacco exposure when analyzed by ethnicity.
Termites, hemimetabolous diploid white ants?
Judith Korb
Frontiers in Zoology , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1742-9994-5-15
Abstract: Termites (Isoptera) and social Hymenoptera (ants and some bees and wasps) are the classical social insects. They live in complex societies and are characterized by reproductive division of labour where only few individuals within a colony reproduce (in termites: usually a king and a queen; in social Hymenoptera: one or few queens) while the large majority of a colony forgoes own reproduction, at least temporarilly. How such altruistic behaviour can evolve under competition-driven Darwinian selection was one of the most intriguing problems in evolutionary biology. The answer central to this question is kin selection theory, i.e. the propagation of gene-coded traits via close relatives [1,2]. According to Hamilton's rule, altruism will be favored when rb > c, where r is the relatedness between the altruist and the recipient and b and c are the benefit and cost of the action to the altruist and recipient respectively [1].Termites have often been compared with ants (for a recent comprehensive review see [3]). The termites' resemblance to ants, which is so striking that they are commonly referred to as 'white ants', lead to the assumption of convergent evolution driven by the same common factors. Indeed, more than 75% of all termite species (all higher termites, Termitidae) are characterized by altruistic castes (workers and soldiers) that help in raising offspring and have a greatly reduced capability to reproduce [4-6]. However, the Termitidae are a highly derived group and cannot be used to assess how eusociality may have first evolved within the termites. In fact, recent quantitative studies of species from families with a wood-dwelling life type that is thought to be ancestral in termite's evolution suggest that this does not apply to them (for recent discussions of termite phylogeny see [7,8]). Direct benefits of inheriting the natal nest rather than altruistic helping seem to be main selective forces for the occurrence of a defensive reproductive morph in dampwood
Workers of a drywood termite do not work
Judith Korb
Frontiers in Zoology , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1742-9994-4-7
Abstract: Here I show, however, that this does not generally apply to termite workers which are scarcely investigated. In the basal drywood termite Cryptotermes secundus the 'workers', which form the large majority of a colony, did not stay to raise relatives. There is no brood caring behaviour and they do not engage in costly help. They are large immature offspring that develop into either winged (dispersing) or unwinged (replacement) reproductives and the probability that they did so was unaffected by the number of brood in the nest as a brood addition experiment showed.Thus, in contrast to general perception where termite workers are considered equivalent to workers in Hymenoptera, the 'large immatures' of C. secundus did not behave as workers that help in raising younger siblings. This apparently is not necessary as the colony lives inside its food. These results, which are likely to be typical for wood-dwelling termites, open the possibility that large complex group living can evolve without altruistic helping and that costly altruistic helping by workers in termites evolved only as a second step.One of the most intriguing problems in evolutionary biology is the evolution of cooperation, and in particular of altruism (i.e. helping others at own costs). How can such behaviours evolve under competition-driven Darwinian selection? Social insects in which individuals (workers) forego at least some of their own reproduction to help other individuals reproduce are prime examples to investigate this question. In social insects, worker behaviour is generally associated with costs in direct reproduction [1,2]. Even in species such as paper wasps, in which workers and queens are not morphologically different, workers have lower direct reproduction because they probably cannot do both carry out the risky tasks of foraging and laying eggs (e.g. [3-5]). Such altruistic behaviour is favoured by natural selection because in most social insects, the workers rear close kin and in doing s
第1页/共2776条
每页显示


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.