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Between Care and the Ethics of Utility: Towards a Better Human Social Relationship  [PDF]
Justina O. Ehiakhamen
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2014.42020
Abstract:

Michael Schluter and David Lee among other scholars decry the extent of erosion in genuine personal relationships among human persons in present day societies. The concern it generates is consequent upon the social ills prevalent among humankind ranging from corruption, poverty, unemployment, armed robbery, kidnapping (adult napping), human trafficking, drug trafficking, internet fraud, ritual killings, conflicts, wars and a host of others. The wave of these social vices has been identified as a moral problem, which emanates from failure of the human person to develop a strong moral sense in present-day society with the emergence of democracy and market economy. This is so because if principles of moral actions are socially weak, they are usually unable to ensure a healthy inter-personal relationship as well as a healthy society. Given this backdrop, the paper attempts to interrogate the social import of an ethic of utility and care in order to come to terms with which would foster social relationships in contemporary society for the achievement of human well-being, viable and sustainable development.

Zwischen Reflexiv and Passiv: zwei ausgew hlte reflexive Konstruktionen des Deutchen. Tarp sangr os ir pasyvo: dviej vokie i kalbos sangr ini konstrukcij analiz
Justina Daunorien?
Kalbotyra , 2008,
Abstract: Straipsnyje skaitytojai supa indinami su dviem gana naujais vokie i kalbotyroje terminais – me-diopasyvas (Mediopassiv) ir sangr os pasyvas (Reflexivpassiv). iais terminais apibūdinamos dvi sangr in s vokie i kalbos konstrukcijos, kurioms pastaraisiais metais skiriama itin daug d mesio. Mediopasyvas yra sangr in konstrukcija, neturinti semantin s sangr os reik m s, o savo reik me visi kai atitinkanti veiksmo pasyv . Sangr os pasyvas yra retesn ir vokie i kalbos gramati-kose da niausiai net neminima konstrukcija, kuri nekamojoje kalboje, prie ingai, yra sutinkama gana da nai. i konstrukcija sudaroma i sangr ini veiksma od i , kuri semantiniai po ymiai neleid ia sudaryti pasyvini form , ir jai būdinga veiksmo pasyvo forma. Daugelio kalbos tyr j nuomone, ios dvi konstrukcijos ligi iol u ima neapibr t viet tarp sangr os ir pasyvo.
Bedeutungswandel bei den reflexiven Verben im Deutschen. Vokie i kalbos refleksyvini veiksma od i reik m s kaita
Justina Daunorien?
Kalbotyra , 2007,
Abstract: Straipsnyje i keliama problema, kad iuolaikin s kalbotyros darbuose, nagrin jan iuose sangr ini veiksma od i grup , labai ma ai d mesio skiriama istorinei i veiksma od i analizei. Nuosekli form ir reik mi ap valga suteikt galimyb tiksliau paai kinti iandienin je kalboje vartojamas sangr ines veiksma od i konstrukcijas. Did ioji straipsnio dalis skiriama atskir vokie i kalbos sangr ini veiksma od i reik mi analizei, polisemijos problemai, bandoma nustatyti vykusius reik m s kitimus bei j prie astis ir juos iliustruoti kalbos vartojimo pavyzd iais i vairi vokie i kalbos raidos period . Atlikta analiz reik m s kitimus leid ia skirstyti tris pagrindines grupes: kitimai d l pasikeitusio veiksma od io aktant i sid stymo, d l sangr in s formos praradimo ir d l veiksma od io vartojimo metaforizuota reik me.
Zur Reflexivit t der deutschen Verben: Was umfasst der Begriff reflexiv“? Veiksma od io sangr a vokie i kalboje: K apima s voka sangr inis“?
Justina Daunorien?
Kalbotyra , 2008,
Abstract: Straipsnis nagrin ja problem , kad iuolaikin s kalbotyros darbuose, tirian iuose sangr ini veiksma od i grup , vartojami labai vairūs terminai, apibr iantys sangr ini veiksma od i grup , sangr ines konstrukcijas ir j gramatines funkcijas. Kartais tie patys terminai taikomi skir-tingoms konstrukcijoms nusakyti. Be to, pa ioje sangr ini veiksma od i grup je n ra pasiektas vieningas skirstymas pogrupius. Straipsnyje minimi lingvist da niausiai vartojami sangr os apibū-dinimui skirti terminai, lyginami vienas su kitu, pateikiamos terminologin s pastabos.
Case 3
Justina Sam
University of Toronto Medical Journal , 2004, DOI: 10.5015/utmj.v81i2.717
Abstract:
Collective violence and attitudes of women toward intimate partner violence: Evidence from the Niger Delta
Diddy Antai, Justina Antai
BMC International Health and Human Rights , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1472-698x-9-12
Abstract: The 2003 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey was used for this study. Respondents were selected using a stratified two-stage cluster sampling procedure through which 3725 women were selected and interviewed. These women contributed 6029 live born children born to the survey. Internal consistency of the measure of the women's attitudes towards intimate partner violence against a woman was assessed using Cronbach's alpha (α). Percentage distributions of the relevant characteristics of the respondents were carried out, and multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to measure the magnitude and direction of the relationship between the outcome and predictor variables were expressed as odds ratios (OR) and statistical significance was determined at the 95 percent confident interval level (CI).Tolerance for intimate partner violence among the women in the Niger delta (47 percent) was higher than that of women from the rest of the country (42 percent). Rural residence, lower household wealth, lower status occupations, and media access (newspaper and radio) were associated with higher risk of justifying IPV among the women in the Niger Delta. In contrast full or partial autonomy in household decisions regarding food to be cooked, and access to television were associated with a lower risk of justifying violence.The increased justification of intimate partner violence among the women in the Niger Delta could be explained by a combination of factors, among which are cognitive dissonance theory (attitudes that do not fit with other opinions they hold as a means of coping with their situation), ecological theory (behaviour or attitudes being shaped by current factors in their neighbourhood, community or family), and gender-role attitudes. Further in-depth studies are required to fully understand women's attitudes toward violence in areas of conflictIntimate partner violence (IPV) against women is the most common form of violence against women [1]. It is now a well kno
Definite descriptions, misdescriptions and semantic content: different ways to solve a tricky puzzle
Díaz Legaspe,Justina;
An??lisis filos?3fico , 2009,
Abstract: michael devitt (2004, 2007) claims that the predicative material that constitutes complex referential expressions makes a semantic contribution to the proposition expressed. he thus deviates from direct referentialism, according to which every referential expression -either simple or complex- contributes just with an object to the proposition expressed, leaving the predicative material out of the semantic content. however, when dealing with misdescriptions, devitt has suggested a pragmatic way out: the audience can understand what the speaker is referring to even if the object does not fall under the corresponding description. from my perspective, this proposal questions the semantic validity of the predicative material, together with devitt's original claim. in this paper, i propose a way to solve the problem posed by misdescriptions that appeals to the idea of epistemically relativized properties, according to which the properties ascribed to the object -by means of the predicative material- correspond to the way the speaker thinks of it and not to the way the object really is.
Problemas en las teorías de los hacedores de verdad
Díaz Legaspe,Justina;
Revista latinoamericana de filosof?-a , 2007,
Abstract: the truthmaker theory, as the old correspondence theory, tries to understand the relation binding facts and propositions which results in the truth or falsity of these lasts. there are two main versions of this theory: a weak one, explaining this relation by means of the concept of implication, and a strong one, based on the relation of "being true in virtue of". the main difference between them is the acceptance and rejection, respectively, of the entailment principle, according to which two propositions linked by entailment will be made true by the same fact. the present work shows how this acceptance leads the weak version to collapsing, which means that only the strong version has a chance to succeed.
The Practice of Inheritance in Esan: the Place of the Female Child
Justina O. Ehiakhamen
Cultura. International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology , 2011, DOI: 10.2478/v10193-011-0003-2
Abstract: The act of discrimination against the female sex is an undeniable phenomenon in virtually all human societies, though the severity varies from one society to another. It is against this backdrop that this paper is aimed at exposing the inadequate nature of the primogeniture rule of inheritance towards the female, as practised by the Esan people. The paper tests the validity of the logic on which the disinheritance of females rests, and discovers that it is invalid as it violates such moral principles as the categorical imperative and utilitarianism, among others. It therefore advocates for possessive right for females for the sake of justice and equity.
Contribution of Nobel laureates in development of economic thought
Florentina Xhelili,Justina Shiroka
Academicus : International Scientific Journal , 2012, DOI: 10.7336/academicus.2012.05.11
Abstract: Through the presentation of two case studies this paper aims to engage the theoretical debate on the persistence of public space in the contemporary city, and focuses the attention on the way people practice these spaces and on the policies which are regulating their uses. Starting from the description of different ways in which some urban spaces in Rome (Italy) are used by two different communities of people, one mainly composed by immigrants and the other by young city users, and the diverse ways in which their different practices are seen and tolerated, the aim of this paper is to reflect on public spaces. Observing how city users practice public spaces, and analysing the way in which these practices are considered, are particularly exciting perspectives that can offer an interesting vision of the spatial and social reality of the city and of hegemonic relations which govern it.
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