oalib

OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721

费用:99美元

投稿

匹配条件: “Magda;” ,找到相关结果约1177条。
列表显示的所有文章,均可免费获取
第1页/共1177条
每页显示
Moral Judgment: Truth, Order and Consequence  [PDF]
Magda Osman
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.65061
Abstract: Often we make snap moral judgments based on limited information. For instance upon reading a newspaper headline we very quickly decide on whether the implied outcome is good or bad. However, in situations like this we are also likely to revise our judgments when we read the main story and the conclusion of the article. One question yet to be answered is whether we adjust our moral judgments in a systematic way as we gain more details about a moral scenario. Two experiments (lab-based, online) addressed this question along with the influence of other factors on moral judgments (the origin of the moral scenario, the severity of the consequence of the scenario). Across both experiments, moral judgments were: 1) generally adjusted downwards as more information was presented; 2) more severe for headlines than the main story or the conclusion; 3) more severe for scenarios that were fabricated than real life stories; 4) more severe when the conclusion involved a severe consequence than a non-severe consequence.
Dynamic Moral Judgments and Emotions  [PDF]
Magda Osman
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.68090
Abstract: We may experience strong moral outrage when we read a news headline that describes a prohibited action, but when we gain additional information by reading the main news story, do our emotional experiences change at all, and if they do in what way do they change? In a single online study with 80 participants the aim was to examine the extent to which emotional experiences (disgust, anger) and moral judgments track changes in information about a moral scenario. The evidence from the present study suggests that we systematically adjust our moral judgments and our emotional experiences as a result of exposure to further information about the morally dubious action referred to in a moral scenario. More specifically, the way in which we adjust our moral judgments and emotions appears to be based on information signalling whether a morally dubious act is permitted or prohibited.
Behavioral Economics: Where Is It Heading?  [PDF]
Magda Osman
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.69109
Abstract: The addition of “behavioral” to economics has given rise to a highly successful field of research. But, is it just a fashionable new trend or is it here to stay? More to the point, how does it differ from its close relative psychology? To answer these questions, the present article considers what behavioral economics is, and where it started, with the aim of trying to forecast what the status of it will be in the future. In forecasting where behavioral economics might be heading, the argument proposed here is that the best clues can be found in psychological research. If, as has been proposed here, behavioral economics partners research trends in psychology, then the futures of both will almost certainly be moving in the same direction. Both are beginning to, and will start to rely on online tools/mobile phone applications to collect richer data revealing dynamic tends over long time horizons, and as technology continues to facilitate ways of looking at group behaviour online, then larger scale studies examining interactions amongst multiple groups of people will become the norm rather than the exception. More specifically this article speculates on the future research focus of researchers in behavioral economics and the extent to which this will overlap with psychological research on judgment and decision-making.
Subjective Burden on Family Carers of Hemodialysis Patients  [PDF]
Magda M. Bayoumi
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2014.42011
Abstract:

Background: Hemodialysis (HD) is an important objective burden (task) on patient with end stage renal disease (ESRD) and the caregiver has a subjective burden which contributes to lifestyle changes, which result in depression, anxiety declining physical health, social isolation and financial strain. Aim: To evaluate the subjective burden on family caregiver who cares patient on maintenance hemodialysis therapy. Methods: Fifty main family caregivers for each patient on HD and the instrument were used by Caregiver Burden Interview (CBI) completed by caregiver as a major of subjective response to care giving. Results: The present study findings demonstrated that main age of caregiver was 40 (11.0) years, two thirds of females, and they were mostly married (78.0%) with children. The total family caregiver burden reported was 43.3 (21.7), role strain 50.0 (25.4) and the personal strain 39.5 (19.7). The total caregivers’ burden significantly positively correlated with the patients’ age (r = 0.461) and negatively correlated with patients’ level of education (r = ?0.290). Moreover the role strain, personal strain and total caregiver burden scores were statistically and significantly negatively correlated with their age (r = ?0.444) and level of education (r = ?0.416) and the total burden scores were ranked as moderately to severely burdened all family caregivers. Conclusion: Caregivers’ appraisal, coping strategies, interpersonal relationship issues, and social support would need to be considered for caregivers of patients maintained on HD.

Cabanagem, cidadania e identidade revolucionária: o problema do patriotismo na Amaz?nia entre 1835 e 1840
Ricci, Magda;
Tempo , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-77042007000100002
Abstract: cabanagem was a social revolution that decimated the amazonia's population in a wide territory. in contrast to this wide and international scenery, cabanagem was, and it still is, analyzed as regional movement, typical of the regency period. however, the "patriot" cabanos created, throughout the movement, a feeling of common identity shared by people of the different etnias cultures which it extrapolated these initial caracteristics. this whole process is the central object of this article.
Does Demand Volatility Lower Growth and Raise Inflation? Evidence from the Caribbean
Kandil, Magda;
Economía mexicana. Nueva época , 2009,
Abstract: the paper investigates asymmetry in the allocation of aggregate demand shocks between real output growth and price inflation over the business cycle in a sample of fifteen caribbean countries. in most countries, the evidence indicates the existence of a kinked supply curve, which implies that positive demand shocks feed predominantly into prices while negative demand shocks mainly affect output. this suggests that the high variability of aggregate demand in caribbean countries, frequently exposed to shocks, tends to create an upward bias on inflation and a downward bias on real output growth, on average, over time. the analysis highlights the benefits of eliminating structural rigidities responsible for the kinked nature of the supply curve, and points to the dangers of pro-cyclical macroeconomic policies.
Novas práticas de leitura e escrita: letramento na cibercultura
Soares, Magda;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302002008100008
Abstract: in the context of two different cultures - print culture and electronic culture, or cyberculture -, this article seeks a clearer comprehension of literacy opposing typographic and digital technologies of reading and writing. through the differences regarding the writing space and the mechanisms of producing, reproducing and diffusing ideas, it argues that different kinds of literacy - that is, different social, cognitive and discursive effects - have resulted from such different modalities of written communication. since literacy is not a single, homogeneous phenomenon, it finally suggests this word should be used in its plural rather than singular form: literacies.
Experiências espanholas e sua contribui??o à rede de recursos psicossociais no Brasil
Dimenstein, Magda;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2011000300020
Abstract: this paper presents some experiences and practices in the field of psychosocial rehabilitation and attention directed to mental disorder developed in three different regions of spain. this is a set of tools that make possible consistent changes in mental health care, which are linked into long lines, pillars of the psychiatric reform process both in spain and in brazil: redefining the management of institutional arrangements, the prospect continuity of care, primary care as the gateway and system regulator, the creation of units behind the crisis and attention to emergencies and, especially, investment in rehabilitation programs and community support contemplating alternative housing and work
A cultura profissional do psicólogo e o ideário individualista: implica??es para a prática no campo da assistência pública à saúde
Dimenstein, Magda;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2000000100006
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to reflect about some elements that are defining the professional culture of the psychologist in brazil, as well as its effects upon the institutional practices in the public health service. the "psychological subject", model of subjectivity among psychologist is one of the defining elements of this professional culture, representation developed from the individualistic values and psi knowledge in our society. the hegemony of this conception of subjectivity has important consequences in the practices accomplished in the public health institutions, such as conflicts in the representations of health and illness between users and professionals; little efficiency in the therapeutic services and high index of desertion of treatment; hierarchies and discrimination among service users. on the other hand, there always appear obstacles to the creation of an "evaluation culture" among professionals and the construction of instruments that could allow the psychologist to continuously evaluate the quality of their services and practices in the public health institutions
Representa??es da prematuridade por mulheres usuárias do servi?o público de saúde
Dimenstein, Magda;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722000000200004
Abstract: this is a report on a professional experience in obstetrics and gynecological services at a public maternity in rio de janeiro. the purpose is to elucidate the meanings of prematurity from the point of view of mothers of babies prematurely born and interned on high and medium risk nurseries. data here discussed have obtained through different procedures: participative observation in infirmary and nursery services; half-structured interviews with mothers; weekly discussion groups with users and health team, individual attendance on mothers and babies’ relatives. in general, we can say that, within this specific context, there are frequent hindrances in communication between health team, mothers and relatives, due to different speech styles as well as the different beliefs and values in relation to prematurity. that scene leads to low agreement and little mothers’ adhesion to treatment and medical prescriptions, which has serious implications on babies’ cares. the psychologist, as part of the health team, may play an important role as intercessor and stimulator of more humanized relations inside health services having, this way, an impact on quality of given attendance.
第1页/共1177条
每页显示


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.