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Complete Endocardial Cushion Defect in the Presence of down Syndrome in a Nigerian Child: A Case Report
O.O. Olubanjo
The Cardiology , 2011,
Abstract: Down syndrome is the most commonly recognizable chromosomal anomaly with many associated complications. Though many of these have been documented in the Nigerian child but it thus appears to the best of the knowledge of this author that the cardiology complications have been scarcely reported. Thus, the need to report a case of completed endocardial cushion defect in the presence of trisomy 21 in a Nigerian child and make a case for routine echocardiograph in all clinically diagnosed trisomy 21 for the purpose of early intervention.
An Economic Analysis of Capital Flight from Nigeria
Taiwo Olubanjo Ajilore
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v2n4p89
Abstract: Available estimates of capital flight from Nigeria have several important limitations. This study takes cognizance of these limitations in estimating and subsequent analysis of trends of capital flight flows in Nigeria for the periods 1970 -2004 using the residual method of estimation, including necessary adjustments to account for the influence of trade faking and exchange rates movements. The study further seeks to verify if capital flight is indeed an important concern to economic management in Nigeria by exploring various economic issues that existing body of theoretical and empirical literature had linked to capital flight. For most of the periods, capital flight estimates had positive sign, indicating that residents consistently took capital out of Nigeria. The study further documented that trade faking is an important means through which capital flight is effected in Nigeria, with evidences that confirmed the existence of financial revolving door relationship between capital flight and external indebtedness in Nigeria. The study emphasized the need for decisive policies to strengthen macroeconomic management and macro-organizational fundamentals. A rather flexible trade and exchange regimes that result in a lowering down of tariff duties, and a more market determined exchange rates, are likely to wipe out the incentives for fabrication of traded values of exports and imports.
Complete Endocardial Cushion Defect in the Presence of down Syndrome in a Nigerian Child: A Case Report
O.O. Olubanjo
The Cardiology , 2008,
Abstract: Down syndrome is the most commonly recognizable chromosomal anomaly with many associated complications. Though many of these have been documented in the Nigerian child but it thus appears to the best of the knowledge of this author that the cardiology complications have been scarcely reported. Thus, the need to report a case of completed endocardial cushion defect in the presence of trisomy 21 in a Nigerian child and make a case for routine echocardiograph in all clinically diagnosed trisomy 21 for the purpose of early intervention.
Inter-relationships among interest rates, savings and investment in Nigeria: An ex post analysis for 1975-1992 period with projections for 2010
OO Olubanjo, JT Atobatele, JA Akinwumi
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR) , 2010,
Abstract: This paper simulated the inter-relationships among interest rates, savings and investment in Nigeria between 1993 and 2010, using historical data on Nigeria spanning a period of 18 years (i.e. 1975-1992). By assuming diverse theoretical underpinnings and approaches, this study examined, in particular, what the connections and the directions of causality imply for interest rates policy, and savings mobilization and investments in Nigeria. Preliminary analysis carried out based on the historical data confirmed that the real interest rates had a negative effect on the investment rate in Nigeria between 1975 and 1992. Also, a positive association was found between the investment rates and the savings rates in Nigeria over the review period. This latter finding, thus suggest that persistent, low or negative real interest rates will discourage or fail to stimulate the savings rates, and may stifle qualitative investment in Nigeria. Ex ante forecasts beyond the historical data period further suggested that a marked decrease in the real lending rate would not result automatically into increased domestic investment. Similarly, a sizeable decline in the real deposit rate will not prevent a marked growth in total savings. Nonetheless, the gross domestic production should posit a 4.2percent growth rate in real terms between 1993 and 2010.
Healing of burns in children: which is the better agent, honey or silver sulphadiazine?
JAO Okeniyi, OO Olubanjo, TA Ogunlesi, OA Oyelami, ARK Adesunkanmi
Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics , 2005,
Abstract:
Economics of Horizontal Integration in Poultry Industry in South-West Nigeria
Bamiro, Olasunkanmi Moses,Otunaiya, Abiodun Olanrewaju,Idowu, Adewunmi Olubanjo
International Journal of Poultry Science , 2012,
Abstract: The broad objective of this study is to analyze the economics of horizontal integration in poultry production in some selected local government areas in south-west, Nigeria. Data was collected from 61 fish farmers, 40 poultry farmers and 53 integrated fish and poultry farms, making a sample size of 154 farmers using purposive-snowball sampling process. Descriptive statistics, gross margin analysis and stochastic cost frontier were employed for data analysis. Analysis of socio-economic characteristics shows that most of the farmers in the study area are males, young within the age range of 30-< 60 years and had formal education. Most of the farms are solely owned and some of the farmers are part-time farmers. Analysis of cost shows that feed account for 55.8, 68.2 and 78.9% of variable cost of production for sole fish farming, integrated poultry and fishery as well as sole poultry farming respectively. Followed closely in the same order is the cost of labour which account for 26, 6.4 and 3.7% cost of production respectively. The gross margin analysis shows that horizontally integrated poultry farms have highest gross margin ( 1,994,792.88) while the sole fish enterprise records the least gross margin of 556,516.32. This confirms the economic importance of horizontal integration in poultry industry in terms of profitability. The price of eggs, flock size, stocked fingerlings, quantity of feed and cost of intermediate materials are the explanatory variables that influence the production cost while age of the farmers, vertical integration and sole fish farming are the determinants of economic efficiency.
Poverty Determinants among Farmers in Ogun State, Nigeria
O.O. Olubanjo,S.O. Akinleye,W.A. Soremekun
Agricultural Journal , 2013,
Abstract: This study employed the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) model, regression analysis and frequency counts to analyse poverty incidence, manifestations and determinants among 150 farmers in the Ijebu-North Local Government Area, Ogun State. In addition, the study presented the socio-demographic characteristics of the poor farmers in the sample, identified on the basis of an income-based poverty line measure. Results showed that among poor farmers, the poverty incidence was more for older and less for younger, farm operators. Further, the FGT measures indicated that poverty incidence, poverty depth and severity of poverty are 25.3, 23.3 and 21.5%, respectively. Farmlands fragmentation and farming experience showed significant, negative effect while age, level of education, level of capital borrowing, size of farmlands operated and household size indicated positive effect, on the poverty level among the sample. The effects were, however, significant for farmlands fragmentation, farming experience, the size of farmlands cultivated and the level of borrowing.
DETERMINANTS OF INCOME DIVERSIFICATION AMONGST RURAL FARM HOUSEHOLDS IN SOUTHWEST NIGERIA
Idowu, Adewunmi. O.,Aihonsu, John O.Y,Olubanjo, Olugbenga O.,Shittu, Adebayo M.
Economics and Finance Review , 2011,
Abstract: This study aims to analyze the determinants of household income diversification and the share of income sources to total household income among the rural farm households in southwest Nigeria. The study drew a sample of 411 rural farm households through a multi-stage sampling technique from three states in southwest Nigeria and the data obtained were analyzed using the Herfindal index and Tobit regressions. Results indicate that the level of income diversification among rural farm households in southwest Nigeria depicted by inverse of Herfindal index was 2.82. An average rural farm household in southwest Nigeria had its members involving in three income generating activities with two farming activities and one non-farm job. Ninety five percent of rural farm households had their members involving in non-farm activities with non-farm self-employment contributing the largest share of non-farm income. Education, experience in any non-farm activity and distance to urban centre were the major determinants of income shares from different sources of non-farm activities while increase in the size of household, per capita landholding and per capita animal wealth significantly increased the income diversification of the rural farm households in southwest Nigeria. Implication is drawn for provision of enabling environment for the establishment of more non-farm self employment jobs.
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