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A emergência dos "agricultores familiares" como sujeitos de direitos na trajetória do sindicalismo rural brasileiro
Lazzaretti Picolotto,Everton;
Mundo agrario , 2009,
Abstract: the process of the family farmers' recognition as individuals with rights demonstrates having their first roots, in spite of being recent, if compared to the history of the brazilian rural syndicalism, still in the constitution of the labor-syndical legislation in 1930. therefore, seeking to explore that process the present paper has as objective to analyze the family farmers' emergence as individuals of rights in the contemporary brazilian society, analyzing the processes of formation of the rural syndicalism and the expansion of the labor law for the rural workers as a form of accomplishment of a "regulated citizenship" until the decade of 1970; the urge to the official syndicalism, the structuring of a "new syndicalism" and the new social actors' appearance in the field, which made possible the enlargement of the citizenship spaces in the period of re-democratization in brazil; the "crisis" of the new syndicalism, the creation of new syndical structures "apart" of the official structure (syndicalism of the family agriculture) and the emergency of the "family farmers" as subject of rights in the recent period.
The emergence of the work class "family farmer" as individuals with rights in the path of the Brazilian rural syndicalism A emergência dos "agricultores familiares" como sujeitos de direitos na trajetória do sindicalismo rural brasileiro
Everton Lazzaretti Picolotto
Mundo agrario , 2009,
Abstract: The process of the family farmers' recognition as individuals with rights demonstrates having their first roots, in spite of being recent, if compared to the history of the Brazilian rural syndicalism, still in the constitution of the labor-syndical legislation in 1930. Therefore, seeking to explore that process the present paper has as objective to analyze the family farmers' emergence as individuals of rights in the contemporary Brazilian society, analyzing the processes of formation of the rural syndicalism and the expansion of the labor law for the rural workers as a form of accomplishment of a "regulated citizenship" until the decade of 1970; the urge to the official syndicalism, the structuring of a "new syndicalism" and the new social actors' appearance in the field, which made possible the enlargement of the citizenship spaces in the period of re-democratization in Brazil; the "crisis" of the new syndicalism, the creation of new syndical structures "apart" of the official structure (syndicalism of the family agriculture) and the emergency of the "family farmers" as subject of rights in the recent period O processo de reconhecimento dos agricultores familiares como sujeitos de direitos apesar de ser recente quando pensado a partir da trajetória do sindicalismo rural brasileiro demonstra ter suas primeiras raízes ainda na constitui o da legisla o trabalhista-sindical dos anos de 1930. Visando explorar esse processo o artigo tem por objetivo analisar a emergência dos agricultores familiares como sujeitos de direitos na sociedade brasileira contemporanea. Analisa-se os processos de forma o do sindicalismo rural e de expans o da legisla o trabalhista para os trabalhadores rurais como forma de realiza o de uma "cidadania regulada" até a década de 1970; o questionamento do sindicalismo oficial, a estrutura o de um "novo sindicalismo" e a emergência de novos atores sociais no campo, que possibilitaram a amplia o dos espa os de cidadania no período de redemocratiza o do Brasil; a "crise" do novo sindicalismo, a cria o de novas estruturas sindicais "por fora" da estrutura oficial (sindicalismo da agricultura familiar) e a emergência dos "agricultores familiares" como sujeitos de direitos no período recente
Movimentos sociais rurais no sul do Brasil: novas identidades e novas dinamicas
Everton Lazzaretti Picolotto
Revista IDeAS : Interfaces em Desenvolvimento, Agricultura e Sociedade , 2007,
Abstract: O objetivo deste artigo é analisar o processo de forma o de novas identidades gerais entre os movimentos que se articulam na Via Campesina e na Fetraf-Sul e a conseqüente cria o de novas dinamicas sociais no campo. Os movimentos passaram por diferentes fases em suas trajetórias mantendo certa unidade de a o, porém, a partir de meados dos anos 90, suas estratégias de a o diferenciaram-se e s o adotadas “novas” identidades: a Fetraf-Sul adotou a de agricultor familiar e os atores da Via Campesina adotaram a de camponês. Como reflexo destas mudan as, foram motivadas novas dinamicas sociais no campo.
Sindicalismo da agricultura familiar e agroecologia no Alto Uruguai do RS
Everton Lazzaretti Picolotto
Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente , 2011,
Abstract: Environmental concerns have influenced the political projects of family farmers’ organizations. The present paper aims to examine how these concerns were assimilated by the Federa o dos Trabalhadores na Agricultura Familiar da regi o Sul (FETRAF-Sul) in the Alto Uruguai in Rio Grande do Sul, mainly in setting the agenda of agroecology. A review about the process of building this agenda in the trade unionism was based on the consultation of documents produced by trade unions and their press offices, newspapers and interviews with farmers’ leaders. We decided to do a study about the town of Constantina-RS, where experiments have been carried out since the 1980s to assess how environmental issues have been internalized by unions in different periods.
Implica es da apropria o da categoria "agricultura familiar" na trajetória da organiza o dos agricultores do Alto Uruguai do RS
Everton Lazzaretti Picolotto,Vivien Diesel
Desenvolvimento em Quest?o , 2008,
Abstract: This article aims at to discuss the subject of the potential of the social movements in the renewal of the society starting from the case of the farmers′ movement in the area of Alto Uruguay in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS). Based on the assumption that is for best understanding the renovating potential of the movement it becomes necessary to contextualize formerly the process of construction of farmer s collective identity revealing its multiple determinations shown. Therefore, they are regarded specifically to the processes of construction of the identity of the "family agriculture", of turning positive this form of agriculture and of the identity differentiation regarding other active movements in the area of Alto Uruguay. Besides, the analysis of this case is particularly enlightener of how a movement of farmers gets to transform its form of social inclusion and the way how it is recognized socially (positively) and to maintain unaffected, at the same time, some practices and conservative conceptions characteristics of the "old colonies of immigrants".
Plantas de cobertura de solo em pomar de pessegueiro (Prunus persica L. Batsch) conduzido no sistema de produ??o integrada
Rufato, Leo;De Rossi, Andrea;Picolotto, Luciano;Fachinello, José Carlos;
Ciência Rural , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782006000300014
Abstract: this research was carried out in the south of brazil with the objective to examine the effects of five cover crops and their combinations on peach orchard leaded in integrated crop management. the experimental orchard was installed in 1999 at 1,5 x 5,0m planting density, with two training systems: central leader (cl) and ypsilon shape (y). the increment on trunk diameter, the increment on foliage size, the frequency productive buds, fruit yield, fresh and dry matter were evaluated. the combination of different cover crops was benefic considering the productivity with distinction to the avena strigosa+pisum sativum combination. the trunk diameter of peach tree was not influence by cover crops. nevertheless the foliage size, frequency productive of buds and productivity were significantly affected by the cover crops.
Cálculo das variáveis na desidrata??o osmótica de manga cv. Tommy Atkins
Martim, Nelisa Sita Pires Picolotto;Waszczynskyj, Nina;Masson, Maria Lucia;
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-70542007000600023
Abstract: the osmotic dehydration is used for water removal from immersed fruits in watery solution. the quality of the osmotic dehydration depends on different factors as concentration, dehydrating agent, temperature, time of immersion, nature of fruits and the surface displayed to the osmotic exchange. the cellular wall and the type of used sugar as osmotic agent can influence in the phenomenon of mass transference. the efficiency of the process of osmotic dehydration can be quantified by the values of loss of weight and solid incorporation. the mangoes had been cut in cubes of 1cm of side and taken for the treatments with 50% sucrose (sac), 50% sorbitol (sor) and 50% commercial estévia (stv) increased of 1% of calcium chloride and ph corrected in 4,0 with the acid use of citric, for two hours in 50oc. the ratio fruit:solution used in all the treatments was of 1:3. the treatment using composed solution with estévia did not show to be efficient due to the low solid profit and reduced loss of water a bigger loss of water and a bigger loss of weight of the mango during the osmotic dehydration had been observed for the treatment with sorbitol, while the biggest solid profit was gotten in the treatment with sucrose.
Plantas de cobertura de solo em pomar de pessegueiro (Prunus persica L. Batsch) conduzido no sistema de produ o integrada
Rufato Leo,De Rossi Andrea,Picolotto Luciano,Fachinello José Carlos
Ciência Rural , 2006,
Abstract: O presente trabalho foi realizado no Pomar Didático do Centro Agropecuário da Palma do Departamento de Fitotecnia da Faculdade de Agronomia "Eliseu Maciel" da UFPEL, com o objetivo de verificar os efeitos de espécies vegetais e algumas consorcia es, em cobertura de solo, sobre a cultura do pessegueiro no Sul do Brasil, em pomares conduzidos no sistema de Produ o Integrada de Pêssego (PIP). Foi utilizado pomar de pessegueiro da cultivar Maciel implantado no ano de 1999, em espa amento de 5,0 x 1,5m, com dois sistemas de condu o, Líder Central (LC) e Ypsilon (Y). Os tratamentos constaram de cinco espécies de plantas para cobertura vegetal de inverno, quatro consorcia es entre estas espécies, mais a testemunha (vegeta o espontanea). Foram analisadas as variáveis incremento no diametro do tronco das plantas, incremento no volume de copa, índice de fertilidade, produ o por planta, matéria fresca e matéria seca das coberturas vegetais. Os maiores benefícios em termos de produtividade foram obtidos pela associa o das coberturas vegetais, com a maior média alcan ada com a associa o de aveia preta + ervilha forrageira. As coberturas vegetais n o tiveram efeito sobre o diametro do tronco das plantas de pessegueiro, porém interferiram principalmente no volume da copa, na produtividade e no índice de fertilidade.
Desenvolvimento vegetativo e produtivo da cultivar 'Maciel' em diferentes porta-enxertos
Picolotto, Luciano;Schmitz, Juliano Dutra;Pasa, Mateus Da Silveira;Bianchi, Valmor Jo?o;Fachinello, José Carlos;
Ciência Rural , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782012005000034
Abstract: the use of an appropriate rootstock depends on the knowledge of its affinity with the cultivar scion as well as its influence on liveliness and productiveness. the purpose of this research was to evaluate the vegetative and -productive development, and fruit quality of the cv. study was to evaluate the vegetative growth, fruit production and quality of cv. 'maciel' grafted on different peach rootstocks. the cultivars used as rootstocks were seeds from industry, 'capdeboscq', 'aldrighi', 'tsukuba 1', 'a clone of okinawa', 'okinawa clone 12', and 'rubira' 'nemaguard' and as canopy it was used cv 'maciel'. it was measured trunk diameter, canopy volume, amount of chlorophyll, pruning intensity, productivity, mass, and color of pulp fruit firmness, tss, ta and tss/ta ratio. the experimental design was randomized blocks with eight levels for the factor rootstock, each consisting of three replications with five plants per replicate. it was observed in the last assessment in 2008, the difference in diameter of the trunk between the rootstocks, especially 'industria' (47.2mm) and 'tsukuba' (46.8mm). in the canopy volume the highlight among the rootstocks occurred with 'industria' (1,60m3) and 'nemaguard' (1,63m3). the amount of chlorophyll was similar with 'nemaguard', 'tsukuba 1', 'okinawa clone 1', 'rubira' and 'indústria'. fruit weight was greater with 'rubira' (143g) and 'tsukuba' (135g) in 2007 and in 2008 and in 2008 most 'okinawa clone 12' (73g), 'capdeboscq' (83g), 'aldrighi' (81g) and 'nemaguard' (82g). there was variation in productivity in production cycles, the highlight occurred in 2007 with 'tsukuba 1' (0.32ton ha-1) and in 2008 with 'industry' (8.6tons ha-1). with the 'okinawa clone 12' it was observed higher firmness (12.1 and 11.8 pounds in 2007 and 2008, respectively). highest tss / att stood out with 'tsukuba 1' (18.3). based on the differential responses it was concluded that the vegetative growth and fruit quality of cv. 'maciel' are affected by the root
Prevalência e fatores associados com o consumo de substancias psicoativas por acadêmicos de enfermagem da Universidade de Passo Fundo
Picolotto,Eduardo; Libardoni,Luis Fernando Casarin; Migott,Ana Maria Belani; Geib,Lorena Teresinha Consalter;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000300006
Abstract: the objective of this epidemiologic transversal cut study was to investigate the consumption of psychoactive substances and their determinants between the nursery academics of the university of passo fundo, rio grande do sul state. 266 students, aging more than eighteen years old answered a questionnaire of the brazilian center of information about psychoactive drugs. a descriptive statistics, qui-square and multiple logistics regression were carried out for the data analysis. of the sample, 94% had consumed alcohol in the life, 90% in that year and 79% in that month, 14% were characterized as heavy users. the girls had consumed benzodiazepines and stimulants more than the boys. the ones aging 20 year and more and females had evidenced minor possibility of alcohol consumption in the month and those with a monthly family income lower than ten salaries presented a greater possibility of marijuana (or: 1.92), cocaine (or:4.63) and inhalants (or:7.02) consumption. the standard of psychoactive substance consumption is similar than the one found in other groups of colleges student, except for the benzodiazepines and stimulants, suggesting itself a deeper evaluation of this consumption.
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