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OALib Journal期刊

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Recintos sanitarios y espacios de control: Un estudio morfológico de la arquitectura cuarentenaria
Bonastra,Quim;
Dynamis , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S0211-95362010000100001
Abstract: tomando como ámbito cronológico el periodo comprendido entre la pandemia de peste negra y los inicios de la era bacteriológica y como ámbito territorial europa, el mediterráneo y norteamérica, este artículo se ocupa de la morfología de los lazaretos en su conjunto, teniendo en cuenta las diferentes tradiciones y saberes que influyeron en su configuración.
Recuperar la política desde la deliberación Restoring faith in politics from deliberation
Quim Brugué
Revista Internacional de Organizaciones , 2012,
Abstract: La política se encuentra actualmente en una encrucijada: vive en una situación de creciente descrédito y, simultáneamente, de una imprescindible necesidad. En un mundo cada vez más complejo y diverso, la política es aquello que debe permitirnos vivir juntos sin que explosionen nuestras diferencias. Ahora bien, para recuperar la política el autor se propone profundizar en la dimensión deliberativa de la democracia. En este sentido, el artículo define las bases conceptuales y operativas de la democracia deliberativa en tanto que pilares sobre los cuales abordar la recuperación de la política. Politics is in difficulties. It is constantly blamed by people, who also require it to respond. The world is increasingly complex and diverse, and politics is needed to facilitate the continuity of a civilized community. The article defines the conceptual and operative bases of deliberative democracy, which is interpreted as the way to restore faith in politics.
The origins of the pavilion lazaretto. Quarantine architecture between the 18th and 19th centuries
Bonastra, Quim
Asclepio : Revista de Historia de la Medicina y de la Ciencia , 2008,
Abstract: The model of pavilion lazaretto was built above the scientific basis established during the hospital reform process held in France on the lasts decades of Eighteenth Century. The morphological solutions adopted for the new quarantine taxonomy has not been given by the example borrowed by the new typology of hospital as resulted in this discussion, but by existing quarantine and detention facilities in general. In this paper we will analyse all factors that have influenced in the configuration of this model of lazarettos. El modelo de lazareto pabellonario se configuró a partir de las bases científicas establecidas durante el proceso de reforma hospitalaria acaecido en Francia en el último tercio del setecientos. La adopción de soluciones que dieran forma a la nueva tipología cuarentenaria no vino dada precisamente por el ejemplo prestado por los nuevos tipos de hospital resultantes de este debate sino por el de otras instalaciones de cuarentena y, en general, de encierro, ya existentes. En este artículo se analizarán todos los factores que influyeron en la configuración de este modelo de lazaretos.
Paisajes del delito y la inseguridad en las ciudades intermedias
Quim Bonastra
O?ati Socio-Legal Series , 2011,
Abstract: Until very recently, phenomena like delinquency were only considered dysfunctions of the system. However, nowadays this phenomenon has become inherent to its way of functioning. This dynamic is influenced by factors such as the increasing polarization of developed economies or the enormous masses of displaced people, due to either economic or political reasons, from developing countries who, in rich countries, often fall in situations of precariousness. In the following text we will see how all these pieces are interrelated in an intermediate city, and we will analyse the fluctuation of violent or intimidating thefts, as well as the most common places where these are committed. Si hasta hace bien poco se había considerado que fenómenos como la delincuencia no eran más que disfunciones del sistema, en el mundo en el que vivimos este fenómeno se ha convertido en inherente a su manera de funcionar. Influyen en esta dinámica factores como la polarización creciente de las economías desarrolladas o las ingentes masas de desplazados, ya sea por razones económicas o políticas, de países en vías de desarrollo que, en los países ricos, caen las más de las veces en la precariedad. En el texto que sigue se verá como se engarzan todas estas piezas en una ciudad intermedia y se analizará la fluctuación de los robos con violencia o intimidación, así como los lugares típicos en los que éstos se cometen. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1739302
Modernizar la Administración a través de la participación: la experiencia de la Generalitat de Catalunya Modernizar la Administración a través de la participación: la experiencia de la Generalitat de Catalunya
Quim Brugué i Torruella
Revista Internacional de Organizaciones , 2008,
Abstract: La experiencia de la Generalitat de Catalunya muestra la bondad de la participación ciudadana a nivel autonómico. El modelo de participación en la distancia puede aprender de las experiencias locales, pero, al mismo tiempo, debe ser capaz de replantear algunas de las ideas dominantes en este ámbito, de forma que el debate entre vinculación y consulta resulta irrelevante. Es necesario dise ar un modelo basado en estrategias transversales que den lugar a deliberaciones y procesos participativos, para garantizar una responsabilidad pública capaz de hacer frente a los compromisos políticos y a las necesidades de la colectividad. The good experience of the Catalan government (Generalitat) is an example of citizen participation at an autonomous level. The model of distant participation can learn from local experiences, but should also discuss some of the field’s dominant issues, so that the debate among entailment and consulting becomes irrelevant. A new model design based on transversal strategies can give way to deliberations and participative processes. Such processes must guarantee public responsibility in order to face political commitments for the collective demands.
Word Storms: Multiples of Word Clouds for Visual Comparison of Documents
Quim Castella,Charles Sutton
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: Word clouds are a popular tool for visualizing documents, but they are not a good tool for comparing documents, because identical words are not presented consistently across different clouds. We introduce the concept of word storms, a visualization tool for analysing corpora of documents. A word storm is a group of word clouds, in which each cloud represents a single document, juxtaposed to allow the viewer to compare and contrast the documents. We present a novel algorithm that creates a coordinated word storm, in which words that appear in multiple documents are placed in the same location, using the same color and orientation, in all of the corresponding clouds. In this way, similar documents are represented by similar-looking word clouds, making them easier to compare and contrast visually. We evaluate the algorithm in two ways: first, an automatic evaluation based on document classification; and second, a user study. The results confirm that unlike standard word clouds, a coordinated word storm better allows for visual comparison of documents.
Frente al conflicto deliberación: el caso de la Mesa de la Monta a de Aragón
Brugué-Torreduella, Quim,Parés, Marc
GIGAPP Estudios Working Papers , 2011,
Abstract: El presente artículo analiza cómo se ha abordado a través de la deliberación un conflicto histórico y de alta complejidad: el “maldito problema” de la monta a en Aragón. Con ello pretendemos dar respuesta a una cuestión teórica de mayor envergadura: la viabilidad y la funcionalidad de la deliberación como herramienta para producir mejores políticas públicas en contextos de elevada conflictividad política y social. Concluimos que, aunque es posible generar espacios deliberativos de calidad que produzcan impactos significativos sobre las políticas públicas, los contextos de alta conflictividad ponen en riesgo el difícil equilibrio deliberativo. Las pautas de funcionamiento de los espacios deliberativos, el comportamiento de los actores y el liderazgo político se muestran como aquellos aspectos que determinaran el éxito de la deliberación en un contexto de conflictividad.
Absorption of Nucleic Acid from the Small Intestines of Swamp Buffaloes and Zebu Cattle
Opart Pimpa,Juan Boo Liang,Joa Quim Balcells
Silpakorn University Science and Technology Journal , 2007,
Abstract: Three male yearling swamp buffaloes and three Kedah Kelantan (KK) zebu cattle of similar age and sex were used. Animals were each fed 4 kg of a total mixed ration diet (TMR) consisting of 40% oil palm frond and 60% concentrate for 2 wk. Cr2O3 was used as the indigestibility marker. On day 15, animals were sacrificed and the digesta in the small intestine was collected to study the absorption of purines in the segments, each being 60 cm in length of the small intestine. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) disappearance from the first to the 15th segment did not differ between buffaloes and cattle (P > 0.05), averaging 94% and 91%, respectively. Ribonucleic acid (RNA) disappearance for buffaloes was lower than that for cattle (P < 0.05) (82% and 95%, respectively) but did not differ between species (P > 0.05). Similarly, purine absorption did not differ between buffaloes and cattle (P > 0.05). Total purine absorbed within 20 segments was 81% and 92% respectively for buffaloes and cattle. Although disappearance of RNA, DNA and the purine bases (PB) in the small intestine did not differ between cattle and swamp buffaloes (P > 0.05), based on concentration per Cr marker, the quantity of unabsorbed PB in the last 5 segments of the small intestine of buffaloes was higher than that of cattle (P < 0.05). Although this suggests that absorption of PB in the small intestine of buffaloes was lower than of cattle, it can not explain the large differences in the PD urinary excretion rates between the species.
FíSTULA BíLIO-BR NQUICA: RELATO DE CASO E REVIS O DE LITERATURA
RODRIGUES OLAVO RIBEIRO,QUIM ANDREA CRISTINA DE OLIVEIRA,MINAMOTO HéLIO,MATHEUS ROBERTO STORTE
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 1998,
Abstract: No presente trabalho é relatado um caso de paciente portadora de fístula bílio-br nquica (FBB) secundária a coledocolitíase tratada no Hospital da Universidade de Mogi das Cruzes e é feita uma revis o da literatura pertinente ao assunto. Tratava-se de uma paciente, 35 anos, feminino, parda, cujo quadro clínico inicial era dor em hipoc ndrio direito, de caráter contínuo, acompanhada de icterícia do tipo obstrutivo e bilioptise que atingia até um litro em 24 horas. O diagnóstico foi confirmado por radiografia simples de abdome e ultra-sonografia abdominal. O tratamento consistiu em laparotomia, colecistectomia, coledocotomia com retirada de dois cálculos, drenagem de vias biliares, colangiografia intra-operatória e libera o da cápsula hepática da cúpula frênica direita. A evolu o pós-operatória foi satisfatória, com regress o da bilioptise no pós-operatório imediato. Houve regress o progressiva da icterícia em torno do sétimo dia do pós-operatório. A paciente foi estudada com broncografia após 24 meses que mostrou n o haver altera es anat micas dos br nquios basilares direitos pela inunda o biliar. A paciente encontra-se no sétimo ano de seguimento sem evidência da doen a.
FíSTULA BíLIO-BR?NQUICA: RELATO DE CASO E REVIS?O DE LITERATURA
RODRIGUES, OLAVO RIBEIRO;QUIM, ANDREA CRISTINA DE OLIVEIRA;MINAMOTO, HéLIO;MATHEUS, ROBERTO STORTE;SCHMIDT JUNIOR, AURELINO FERNANDES;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86501998000400012
Abstract: in the present case report is presented a patient with bilio-bronchial fistula secondary to choledocholithiasis surgically treated at the university of mogi das cruzes hospital. it is a 35-year-old female patient which initial clinical features were continuous hypochondrium pain, accompanied by obstructive jaundice and bilioptysis that reached one liter in a period of 24 hours. the diagnosis was confirmed by x-ray exams and by abdominal ultrasonography. the treatment consisted in laparotomy, cholecistectomy, choledochotomy and extraction of two stones from biliary tract, drainage of biliary tree, intraoperative cholangiography and separation of the hepatic capsule from the right diaphragmatic cupula. at the postoperative follow-up was observed a total regression of the bilioptysis and disappearance of the jaundice after the seventh postoperative day. the patient was submitted to bronchography that did not reveal anatomical changes on the right lowers bronchi by biliary flood. the patient is on the seventh postoperative year without any evidence of the disease.
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