OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721




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匹配条件: “Raquel;” ,找到相关结果约4573条。
The changes on intimate partner violence against women in the health system in Portugal  [PDF]
Raquel Cardoso, José Ornelas
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.57A4010

In Portugal, over the last 20 years, we have seen great strides in addressing intimate partner violence against women by their male partners. Measuring and understanding progress, and achieving sustainable systems change is a major challenge and to achieve this aim we need to identify events, persons and settings that contribute for the critical factors that create long term transformations in the systems and the creation of new resources [1]. Since the healthcare system is one of the main actors of intervention with survivors, the goal of this project was to interview key stakeholders from the healthcare system in order to understand the main changes they perceive have happened over the past two decades. Based on interviews with key stakeholders, our study explores the evidences of the changes that occurred in the healthcare system, the intersections with other systems and their visions for the future.

Game Theory Applications in a Water Distribution Problem  [PDF]
Ardeshir Ahmadi, Raquel Salazar Moreno
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2013.51011

A water distribution problem in the Mexican Valley is modeled first as a three-person noncooperative game. Each player has a five-dimensional strategy vector, the strategy sets are defined by 15 linear constraints, and the three payoff functions are also linear. A nonlinear optimization problem is first formulated to obtain the Nash equilibrium based on the Kuhn-Tucker conditions, and then, duality theorem is used to develop a computational procedure. The problem can also be considered as a conflict between the three players. The non-symmetric Nash bargaining solution is suggested to find the solution. Multiobjective programming is an alternative solution concept, when the water supply of the three players are the objectives, and the water authority is considered to be the decision maker. The optimal water distribution strategies are determined by using these solution concepts and methods.

La democracia en el filo de la navaja: límites y posibilidades para la implementación de una agenda de reforma urbana en Brasil
EURE (Santiago) , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612009000100001
Abstract: in brazil the 1990s constituted years of institutional achievements in the fields of housing and urban rights, given the incorporation of the principles of the social function of cities and property, the recognition of tenure rights for slum dwellers and the direct participation of citizens in the decision making process of urban policies, within the 1988 constitution. these proposals have become the pillars of the urban reform agenda which has penetrated the federal government apparatus since the creation of the ministry of cities under lula's administration. the article evaluates the limits and possibilities for the implementation of this agenda through the analysis of two policies proposed by the ministry: the national council of cities and the campaign for participatory master plans. the approach is based on the organization of the brazilian state in terms of urban development, the relationship with the political system and the characteristics of brazilian democracy.
Rapazes negros e socializa??o de gênero: sentidos e significados de "ser homem"
Souza, Raquel;
Cadernos Pagu , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-83332010000100006
Abstract: this paper discusses the processes of socialization of young black and poor boys in the city of s?o paulo, questioning how certain meanings and experiences of masculinity are constructed and reworked in their lives. from empirical research conducted between 2007 and 2008, we base our paper on the idea that masculinity is an experience that penetrates the trajectory of individuals, never finished and marked by setbacks.
Transporte de especímenes para diagnóstico
Acta bioqu?-mica cl?-nica latinoamericana , 2005,
Abstract: when diagnostic specimens, including infectious substances, from human beings are shipped to a distant laboratory, compliance with safety regulations is required. in addition, the integrity of the sample has to be preserved to ensure acute analysis by the receiver laboratory. it must be pointed out that these samples must be packaged and shipped in such a way that the contents will not leak and will arrive in good conditions. infectious substances are classified as dangerous goods under internationally recognised legislation based on the united nations recommendations on the transport of dangerous goods. besides, each country has their proper regulations. in consequence, the shipping of these specimens is subject to specific requirements governing the packaging, documentation, labelling and handling. the importance of developing a working relationship between the sender, the carrier and the receiver must be stressed in order to provide for the safe and expeditious transport of the materials.
Estado de conservación de Eulychnia iquiquensis (Schumann) Britton et rose (Cactaceae) en el extremo norte de Chile
Gayana. Botánica , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-66432007000100010
Abstract: this study shows the localization, distribution and conservation status of e. iquiquensis along the northernmost coast of chile. living populations of e. iquiquensis are present only in five of the ten fog ecosystems registered, between 18o 38's - 70o 20'w and 21o 23's - 70o 03'w, among 600 and 1000 m altitude. we describe demographic, phenological and morphological aspects. no more than 20 individuals are still alive in each locality, with density of less than 1 ind/ha. exception to that occur in chipana (21o15's) that correspond to the southernmost study area with 3.000 cacti estimate and 5 ind/ha. e. iquiquensis present a high mortality in northern chile as in camaraca (93%), punta gruesa (45%), patache (42%) and chipana (66%). the background here exposed are enough to comfirm this species as endangered, where the northernmost population at camaraca and pta. madrid are in critically endangered and at junin, iquique and pabellon de pica no alive individual were registered
Estudios Gerenciales , 2000,
Abstract: ofrecer un valor superior es cada vez más difícil. los adelantos tecnológicos y la lucha por la lealtad de los consumidores han creado productos que pueden satisfacer casi cualquier necesidad. agregar servicios a los productos puede ser la nueva clave de las empresas exitosas. una empresa debe competir más con categorías que con marcas. de hecho, puede ser más fácil inventar una nueva categoría y ser el primero en llegar a la mente del consumidor que convencerlo de que una nueva marca es mejor que la líder (ries y trout, 1992). este principio, denominado "ley de la categoría", está asociado a la siguiente "ley del liderazgo": en la mente del consumidor sólo hay espacio para los dos primeros lugares en el mercado; el resto está fuera de la pelea. una nueva categoría puede crearse de diversas maneras; entre ellas, incorporar uno o varios servicios a un producto o "proposición de valor". varias razones hacen de ésta una de las formas más ventajosas de ofrecer un valor superior. en primer lugar, un buen servicio es una ventaja más difícil de copiar que cualquier desarrollo de producto basado en nueva tecnología. copiar un servicio sólo se logra en el mediano o largo plazo; esto le da a la empresa tiempo suficiente para recuperar su inversión y obtener ganancias considerables. además, es posible obtener una prima cuando se agrega un servicio al valor percibido por el consumidor. por ejemplo, ibm decidió ofrecer a sus clientes corporativos productos prácticamente sin costo, con la garantía de ser el único proveedor de servicio. en el pasado, ibm regalaba sus servicios para vender sus productos; hoy, las ganancias derivadas de los servicios crecen mucho más que las de los productos. aun los productos más diferenciados llegan a convertirse en genéricos y a formar parte de mercados maduros. la calidad de un producto es un calificador o exigencia básica para entrar y competir en un mercado, no un atributo ganador o ventaja competitiva que lo diferencie, especialmente en un me
Fundamentos históricos e teóricos da no??o de soberania: a contribui??o dos "Papas juristas" do século XIII
Kritsch, Raquel;
Estudos Históricos (Rio de Janeiro) , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21862010000200003
Abstract: the aim of this article is to discuss the contribution of the late ecclesiastical medieval thought for the construction of the concept of sovereignty. like the modern state, this concept has a long genesis: it is part of a process of legal and political transformation, which provided a new mapping of power (relations) and loyalties in europe. the building of this new system of power has the creation of a new legal order as its counter part. such a new order redefines the bonds of command and obedience, constitutes political units as areas of exclusive jurisdicti on and esta blishes among the se units relations of equality: none of them understands it self as subordinate to another. all the se questions can be understood as disputes over jurisdiction: who judges and punishes civil crimes or violations of religious rules? the powers to legislate, to chan ge the law, to decide as the final instance and to control the use of the force constitute what the modern authors named sovereignty. the objective of this paper is to show the contribution of the so called lawyers popes of the thirteenth century to the development of some key elements of the notion of sovereignty.
Las ense?anzas de Ana de Francia, Duquesa de Borbón
Temas medievales , 2004,
Abstract: shortly before the wedding in 1505 of susan of bourbon to charles de bourbon-montpensier, the bride′s mother, anne of france, gave her daughter a small book containing instructions for the young princess which would enable her to conduct herself with the dignity expected from a descendant of st. louis. the article analizes the external questions pertaining to the book, such as the circumstances of its composition, its structure and the tacit or explicit sources which inspired it. next the author sudies the contents of the book which revolve around two main fields, the religious and spiritual one and life at court with all its implicitly possible situations for a lady, while young and unmarried, as mistress of her court and as a widow. ultimatelyan analysis is attempted with regards to the meaning assigned to folie and sagesse, two terms found repeatedly in the text. the analysis allows us to get in touch with an educational model which values the female function while at the same time devoting due space to the subtleties of court life as well as to the highest spiritual values.
Alpha (Osorno) , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22012008000100004
Abstract: this paper examines the few additions, deletions and corrections of the autograph of the book of her life (libro de la vida) of teresa de avila found in the biblioteca del real monasterio of el escorial. this study reveals that the aspects of teresian writing that troubled her early readers fell into two categories: those that presented doctrinal problems and those that gave the textual voice authority, the latter problematic because teresa was a woman. however, the care that inquisitorial readers took to make these corrections suggests that the book was a work of collaboration between teresa and the confessors and learned men who advised her, and with whom she frequently discussed spiritual matters. therefore, the autograph may be considered the ‘final’ version of the book.

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