The design method for a low-cost toroidal inductor is proposed as an
alternative to power-quality evaluation. The method is based on well-known
tools by the engineers in which is presented the relationships that exist
between equivalent circuit and transfer function of a toroidal inductor. The
proposed design method has been explained with normalized functions based on
physical parameters of a toroidal inductor. This work presents the
main arguments of the suggested methodology and as demonstration of the design
method as function of normalized parameters, is developed a current-signal
sensor which has been validated in the laboratory by the EN-50160-2-2
standard to evaluate the power quality in home use loads.
attempts to propose critical reflections on “historical” models of Constitutional
Review. The gradual depletion of the simplified classification system of constitutional
review has been identified, by some scholars, as a failure of the bipolar American-European
model. This means that it is necessary to rethink the approach to analysing constitutional review, in light of
legal traditions, positive law within legal systems, and comparative methodologies.
Consequently, judicial review could be studied according to the internal perspectives
of the Supreme and Constitutional Courts’ decision-making processes, rather than
externally observable legal characteristics. As of recently, legal studies have
been converging with other sciences, such as cognitive science. They have been considering
the relationship between consciousness and comparison, and even the field of cognitive
errors in judgment, and the development of decisions taken by Courts.