The main objective
of this study was to assess and compare the adaptive behaviour level of children
and adolescents with and without intellectual disability trying to understand
how the differences in this area could be influenced by contents and curricula.
The sample was composed by 589 children and adolescents with and without
intellectual disabilities (both ages 6 to 16, randomly selected from special
and regular schools, respectively). The Portuguese version of Adaptive Behaviour
Scale was used and administered through an interview, to a proxy who knew the
individual being evaluated. Controlling for age, gender, diagnosis, and living
area we found that there were statistical significant differences between both
groups on most of adaptive behaviour domains in all variables. One of the
conclusions is that curricula in special and regular schools differ a lot on
contents and in participation activities within the community and that might be
one of the causes of the non-skills acquisition by the children and adolescents
with intellectual disabilities.