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Total factor productivity of manufacturing sector in India: A regional analysis for the State of Haryana
Shallu Sehgal,Suparn Sharma
Economic Journal of Development Issues , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/ejdi.v13i0.7213
Abstract: Using pooled data for the period of 1981-82 to 2007-08 for different categories of organized sector’s manufacturing industries for the sample state of Haryana, the present undertaking seeks to analyze the inter-temporal and inter-industry comparison of total factor productivity (TFP) measured by Malmquist productivity index (MPI), which is an application of DEA to panel data to calculate the indices of TFP change, technology change, efficiency change. The general development pattern observed by the Haryana is definitely not a healthy sign of structural change in the economy. The analysis of the discussion reflects that while the tertiary sectors have maintained its lion’s share in GDP of India and Haryana as well, the declining trend in the share of primary sector and more or less stable contribution of the secondary sector is noticeable. The study reveals that technical efficiency change is the key driver of TFPG in the manufacturing sector of Haryana during pre reforms period, however, the picture has turned around during the post reforms period. A positive impact of liberalization policy on technological advancement of the manufacturing sector of the state has been experienced. But, during the post reforms period the state has realized inefficiency in the utilization of resources in hand and it is really an alarming sign indicating that the incapability of manufacturing sector of the state in question to cope up with the technological advancement.
On Almost Pretopological Vector Spaces  [PDF]
Shallu Sharma, Madhu Ram, Sahil Billawria
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104937
Abstract:
In this paper, we introduce the notion of almost pretopological vector spaces and present some examples of almost pretopological vector spaces. Almost pretopological vector spaces are defined by using regular open sets and pre-open sets. The relationships of almost pretopological vector spaces with certain other types of spaces are provided. Along with some useful results, it is proved that in almost pretopological vector spaces, translation and scalar multiple of a regular open (resp. regular closed) set are pre-open (resp. pre-closed).
Clonal Expansion and Emergence of Environmental Multiple-Triazole-Resistant Aspergillus fumigatus Strains Carrying the TR34/L98H Mutations in the cyp51A Gene in India
Anuradha Chowdhary, Shallu Kathuria, Jianping Xu, Cheshta Sharma, Gandhi Sundar, Pradeep Kumar Singh, Shailendra N. Gaur, Ferry Hagen, Corné H. Klaassen, Jacques F. Meis
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052871
Abstract: Azole resistance is an emerging problem in Aspergillus which impacts the management of aspergillosis. Here in we report the emergence and clonal spread of resistance to triazoles in environmental Aspergillus fumigatus isolates in India. A total of 44 (7%) A. fumigatus isolates from 24 environmental samples were found to be triazole resistant. The isolation rate of resistant A. fumigatus was highest (33%) from soil of tea gardens followed by soil from flower pots of the hospital garden (20%), soil beneath cotton trees (20%), rice paddy fields (12.3%), air samples of hospital wards (7.6%) and from soil admixed with bird droppings (3.8%). These strains showed cross-resistance to voriconazole, posaconazole, itraconazole and to six triazole fungicides used extensively in agriculture. Our analyses identified that all triazole-resistant strains from India shared the same TR34/L98H mutation in the cyp51 gene. In contrast to the genetic uniformity of azole-resistant strains the azole-susceptible isolates from patients and environments in India were genetically very diverse. All nine loci were highly polymorphic in populations of azole-susceptible isolates from both clinical and environmental samples. Furthermore, all Indian environmental and clinical azole resistant isolates shared the same multilocus microsatellite genotype not found in any other analyzed samples, either from within India or from the Netherlands, France, Germany or China. Our population genetic analyses suggest that the Indian azole-resistant A. fumigatus genotype was likely an extremely adaptive recombinant progeny derived from a cross between an azole-resistant strain migrated from outside of India and a native azole-susceptible strain from within India, followed by mutation and then rapid dispersal through many parts of India. Our results are consistent with the hypothesis that exposure of A. fumigatus to azole fungicides in the environment causes cross-resistance to medical triazoles. The study emphasises the need of continued surveillance of resistance in environmental and clinical A. fumigatus strains.
Dexamethasone Cyclophosphamide Pulse Therapy In Pemphigus- A Five Year Retrospective Study
Dogra Alka,Gupta Sunil,Khurana Shallu
Indian Journal of Dermatology , 2003,
Abstract: The present retrospective study comprised 71 patients of pemphigus enrolled for dexamethasone- cyclophosphamide or plain dexamethasone pulse therapy between January 1997 to December 2001. Ten patients were lost to follow up, 2. expired and treatement was withheld in 2 patients due to side effects. Fifty-seven patients are on regular follow up. The type of pemphigus was P. vulgaris in 48, P. foliaceous in 6, P. erythematosus in I and P. herpetiformis in 2. Of 57 patients, 2 were in phase a€"1,3 in phase II, 9 phase a€" III and 43 phase a€" IV treatment. The type of pemphigus and the duration of the disease were found to influence the response to treatment. Main side effects encountered included candidiasis, diarrhoea, pyodermas, facial flushing, dermatophytosis and hiccups. Pulse therapy had to be stopped in 2 patients, because of cataract and psychosis in one patient each. Serious side effects seen were pancytopenia in one patient and septicaemia in another, both of whom died. Relapse was seen in 2 patients.
Xeroderma Pigmentosum
Dogra Alka,Gupta Monisha,Khurana Shallu
Indian Journal of Dermatology , 2002,
Abstract: A case of typical xeroderma pigmentosum with pre-malignant and malignant tumours is being reported. The patient, a 13 year old male had presented with progressive freckling, dryness and hypo pigmented atrophic lesions on the body, especially the exposed parts since the age of one year. The patient subsequently developed ocular change, actinic keratoses, cutaneous horn, and squamous cell carcinoma. The diagnosis was confirmed histologically.
Evaluation on azathioprine in the treatment of parthenium dermatitis
Khurana Shallu,Minocha Y,Minocha K,Dogra Alka
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2001,
Abstract: Parthenium dermatitis is one of the most intractable problems in dermatology, the management of which poses a therapeutic challenge. The mainstay of treatment has been systemic corticosteroids for prolonged periods which may result in various side-effects.ln the present study, 30 patients of parthenium dermatitis were treated with oral azathioprine in a dose of 1-3 mg/kg/day. Assessment was done at monthly intervals using a clinical score. Azathioprine emerged as an effective and safe corticosteroid sparing agent in the treatment of parthenium dermatitis, provided the patients are carefully monitored for the side effects.
Alkaptonuria
Dogra Alka,Bajwa G,Bajwa Navjot,Khurana Shallu
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2001,
Abstract: A case of alkaptonuria, a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder is being reported. The patient presented with passage of dark coloured urine, cutaneous and scleral pigmentation and joint pains. The diagnosis was confirmed by the detection of homogentisic acid in the urine.
Emergence of Azole-Resistant Aspergillus fumigatus Strains due to Agricultural Azole Use Creates an Increasing Threat to Human Health
Anuradha Chowdhary ,Shallu Kathuria,Jianping Xu,Jacques F. Meis
PLOS Pathogens , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003633
Abstract:
Some Wgh Inequalities for Univalent Harmonic Analytic Functions  [PDF]
Poonam Sharma
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/am.2010.16061
Abstract: In this paper, some Wgh inequalities for univalent harmonic analytic functions defined by Wright's generalized hypergeometric (Wgh) functions to be in certain classes are observed and proved. Some consequent results are also discussed.
Cannabis Responsive Head Injury Induced Mutiple Disabilities: A Case Report  [PDF]
Manju Sharma
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2012.31009
Abstract: In recent years cannabinoids and their derivatives have drawn renewed attention because of their diverse pharmacologic activities. We report here one such case, where all types of medical & psychiatric treatment failed to improve the symptoms; however cannabis use was able to bring back this patient to normal productive & meaningful life. The patient was a 47 year old left handed Caucasian had minor subdural hematoma at the posterior vertex and a minor focal subarachnoid haemorrhage following a physical assault. His impairments included cognitive slowing with decreased short term memory, organized skill & language deficit. His physical disabilities included spastic gait (hemiplegic), VII nerve palsy, mild cerebellar dysfunction, blurred vision and easy fatigue. He was unable to return to work or drive. In addition to cognitive deficit, right hemi paresis & dizziness; he had symptoms of anxiety & depression. Cannabis improved his gait and brought back lots of his memory. Within 6 months all his symptoms abated with use of cannabis and he started to look at cannabis as a real medicine. Slowly he also had improvement in cognitive functions, memory, vocabulary and his gait became increasingly better day by day with continued use of cannabis.
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