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OALib Journal期刊

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The relationship among knowledge of, attitudes toward and acceptance of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) among Slovenian teachers
Sorgo,Andrej; Ambrozis-Dolinsek,Jana;
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology , 2009,
Abstract: the objective of this study was to investigate knowledge about, opinions on and attitudes toward and finally readiness to accept genetically modified organisms (gmo) among slovenian teachers. on average, they have higher levels of knowledge in classical genetics, and poor levels of knowledge about modern issues in biotechnology, and their attitudes toward gmos are not extreme. they make decisions based on the acceptability of a particular gmo and not on gmos in general, following two patterns: genetic modifications (gm) microorganisms and plants are more acceptable than animals, and gmos are more acceptable if they can not be used directly for consumption and produce something recognized as useful. the relationship among knowledge of, attitudes towards and readiness to accept gmo showed that there is no correlation between knowledge and attitudes, only a weak correlation between knowledge and acceptance, and a solid correlation between attitudes and readiness to accept gmo. the practical implication of our findings is that acceptance of gmos will not be changed by providing new technical or scientific information to teachers but by changing attitudes. the appropriate strategies and actions for improving university courses in biotechnology and the implication for classroom science activities and future research are discussed.
Knowledge about and acceptance of genetically modified organisms among pre-service teachers: a comparative study of Turkey and Slovenia
Sorgo,Andrej; Ambrozic-Dolinsek,Jana; Usak,Muhammet; ?zel,Murat;
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology , 2011,
Abstract: genetically modified organisms cannot be regarded as merely a topic for academic debate, since these have serious implications as a research field and for production based on genetic engineering. public debates rarely base their arguments on elements rooted in scientific arguments and knowledge but are heavily loaded with emotions, opinions and informal reasoning. this study aimed to investigate the knowledge and acceptance of genetically modified organisms among prospective teachers in slovenia and turkey. knowledge of genetic modification was measured with a two-tier instrument. the level of acceptance of genetic modification was measured with a 17-item instrument. findings revealed that knowledge of genetics and biotechnology barely influenced the acceptability of genetic modification, and correlations are low. the relationship between knowledge and acceptance was not significant among slovenian students and while significant for the turkish or combined groups, the r values were only 0.179 and 0.244. it was found that differences in the acceptability of clusters of different kinds of genetically modified organisms do exist between the two countries. in both countries, participants recognized microorganisms and plants that produce something useful as the most acceptable organisms, while at the other end were animals used for consumption or as donors of organs. practical implications for teaching are discussed and implications for further studies are drawn.
The influence of intelligence and emotions on the acceptability of genetically modified organisms
Sorgo,Andrej; Jausovec,Norbert; Jausovec,Ksenija; Puhek,Miro;
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology , 2012,
Abstract: the purpose of the study was to explore the relation between the acceptance of genetically modified organisms, basic emotions, general (iq), verbal (viq) and procedural (piq) intelligence. the sample comprised 123 students of psychology (n = 65; 52.8%) and pre-service teachers (n = 58; 47.2%). there were 52 (42.3%) females and 71 males (57.7%) from one of the slovenian universities. the conclusions of the study are as follows: a) acceptability of genetically modified organisms cannot be considered as a single group, but each gmo should be considered separately. plants and microorganisms are much more easily to be accepted than animals and usages others than for food are more acceptable. females showed higher level of acceptance than males. b) among responses involving ten basic emotions (fear, anger, joy, disgust, sadness, shame, contempt, guilt, surprise and interest), anger, fear, disgust and contempt are significantly correlated with the rejection of gmos. interest and surprise are the most frequent responses towards gmos but are not correlated with acceptance, showing that interest can be triggered by both negative and positive attitudes toward gmos. c) iq in females is negatively correlated with fear, disgust, sadness, shame, contempt, guilt and surprise (statistically significant); viq with fear, disgust, shame and guilt; piq with joy, shame and guilt. higher iq, viq and piq are connected with the lower emotional response, leading to easier acceptance of gmos.
Qualit tskriterien für psychologische Angebote im Internet
Franz Eidenbenz,Thomas Berger,Chantal Egli,Anna Flury Sorgo
E-Beratungsjournal , 2007,
Abstract: Grunds tzlich informieren PsychologInnen der F deration Schweizer Psychologen (FSP) auf ihren Homepages ehrlich, sachlich und verh ltnism ig unter Berücksichtigung von berufsethischen Grunds tzen. Die aufgeführten Qualit tskriterien stellen dafür Richtlinien dar. Sie gelten nicht nur für "elektronische Praxisschilder", sondern auch für AnbieterInnen von psychologischer Onlineberatung, die h here Anforderungen erfüllen müssen. Das überprüfen der Kriterien wird durch die im Paper enthaltene Checkliste erleichtert. Ziel ist es mittels Selbstdeklaration der psychologischen AnbieterInnen den Laien zu unterstützen, qualitativ gute Angebote im Netz zu erkennen.
News from the Fungal Front: Wall Proteome Dynamics and Host–Pathogen Interplay
Clemens J. Heilmann,Alice G. Sorgo,Frans M. Klis
PLOS Pathogens , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003050
Abstract:
Lifespan Extension by Methionine Restriction Requires Autophagy-Dependent Vacuolar Acidification
Christoph Ruckenstuhl,Christine Netzberger,Iryna Entfellner,Didac Carmona-Gutierrez,Thomas Kickenweiz,Slaven Stekovic,Christina Gleixner,Christian Schmid,Lisa Klug,Alice G. Sorgo,Tobias Eisenberg,Sabrina Büttner,Guillermo Mari?o,Rafal Koziel,Pidder Jansen-Dürr,Kai-Uwe Fr?hlich,Guido Kroemer,Frank Madeo
PLOS Genetics , 2014, DOI: doi/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004347
Abstract: Reduced supply of the amino acid methionine increases longevity across species through an as yet elusive mechanism. Here, we report that methionine restriction (MetR) extends yeast chronological lifespan in an autophagy-dependent manner. Single deletion of several genes essential for autophagy (ATG5, ATG7 or ATG8) fully abolished the longevity-enhancing capacity of MetR. While pharmacological or genetic inhibition of TOR1 increased lifespan in methionine-prototroph yeast, TOR1 suppression failed to extend the longevity of methionine-restricted yeast cells. Notably, vacuole-acidity was specifically enhanced by MetR, a phenotype that essentially required autophagy. Overexpression of vacuolar ATPase components (Vma1p or Vph2p) suffices to increase chronological lifespan of methionine-prototrophic yeast. In contrast, lifespan extension upon MetR was prevented by inhibition of vacuolar acidity upon disruption of the vacuolar ATPase. In conclusion, autophagy promotes lifespan extension upon MetR and requires the subsequent stimulation of vacuolar acidification, while it is epistatic to the equally autophagy-dependent anti-aging pathway triggered by TOR1 inhibition or deletion.
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