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Exploration for matter stability & the material basis and mechanism for the interaction of light, electricity and magnetic  [PDF]
Zhengrong Tong
Natural Science (NS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2012.43028
Abstract: This paper is about the theory of “basic gravitinoes” (in early papers, it was referred to WG) in the material world, which make up the “dark matter” and the elementary particles as well. The strong interaction is generated by the Pressure Effect, which is resulted in the accumulation of the overall gravitation from all the galaxy gravitinoes. The Model for Stable-state Particle Basic Body indicates three stable states which correspond to protons, electrons and neutrons respectively and have been proven by all the particle collision experiments. It’s the root cause that only the short-lived particles resulted in the collisions. The study is supported by all experiments of light propagation, especially the wave-particle duality, and tries to make the theoretical interpretation for three laws of electromagnetic experiment so that the Maxwell’s field equations are derived ultimately and theoretically.
Analysis of Psychological Health and Life Qualities of Internet Addicts Using Structural Equation Model  [PDF]
Qiaoling Tong, Xuecheng Zou, Hengqing Tong
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2010.11004
Abstract: Internet addiction disorder has become a serious social problem, and aroused great concern from the public and spe-cialists. In this paper, the psychological states of internet addicts are measured by some famous mental scales, and their life qualities are investigated by some questionnaires. Structural Equations Model (SEM) is used to analyze the relationship between the psychological health and life qualities of internet addicts. Meanwhile, a definite linear algorithm of SEM is proposed which is useful for psychological analysis.
Characterization of Blood Flow in Capillaries by Numerical Simulation  [PDF]
Tong Wang, Zhongwen Xing
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2010.16049
Abstract: This paper presents a numerical investigation of the axisymmetric, pressure driven motion of single file erythrocyte (i.e., red blood cell) suspensions flowing in capillaries of diameter 8-11 µm. Our study success-fully recreates several important in vivo hemodynamic and hemorheological properties of microscopic blood flow, such as parachute shape of the cells, blunt velocity profile, and the Fahraeus effect, and they have been shown to have strong dependence on cell deformability, hematocrit and vessel size.
Dynamic Shortest Path Algorithm in Stochastic Traffic Networks Using PSO Based on Fluid Neural Network  [PDF]
Yanfang Deng, Hengqing Tong
Journal of Intelligent Learning Systems and Applications (JILSA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jilsa.2011.31002
Abstract: The shortest path planning issure is critical for dynamic traffic assignment and route guidance in intelligent transportation systems. In this paper, a Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm with priority-based encoding scheme based on fluid neural network (FNN) to search for the shortest path in stochastic traffic networks is introduced. The proposed algorithm overcomes the weight coefficient symmetry restrictions of the traditional FNN and disadvantage of easily getting into a local optimum for PSO. Simulation experiments have been carried out on different traffic network topologies consisting of 15-65 nodes and the results showed that the proposed approach can find the optimal path and closer sub-optimal paths with good success ratio. At the same time, the algorithms greatly improve the convergence efficiency of fluid neuron network.
A minor perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage on CT changes  [PDF]
Yeting Zhou, Daoming Tong
World Journal of Neuroscience (WJNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2011.12004
Abstract: Despite the increasing number of reports of patients with perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage (PMSAH), a minor or atypical PMSAH on CT changes has not been reported. We present the first described case of a minor subarachnoid hemorrhage located in the right perimesencephalic cistern on CT 4 h after headache onset. Twenty-six hours after headache on-set, another CT of the head showed that blood dis-persion. On the third day in hospital, examination of cerebrospinal fluid revealed xanthochromia. Minor PMSAH is rare type of SAH, and can been missed if there is a delay in CT imaging of the head. Any pa-tient with a suspected minor PMSAH or equivocal results on CT should undergo routine lumbar punc-ture.
Chaos Synchronization of Uncertain Lorenz System via Single State Variable Feedback  [PDF]
Fengxiang Chen, Tong Zhang
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.411A2002
Abstract:

This paper treats the problem of chaos synchronization for uncertain Lorenz system via single state variable information of the master system. By the Lyapunov stability theory and adaptive technique, the derived controller is featured as follows: 1) only single state variable information of the master system is needed; 2) chaos synchronization can also be achieved even if the perturbation is occurred in some parameters of the master chaotic system. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed controllers is also illustrated by the simulations as well as rigorous mathematical proofs.

Industrialization Emission (Trace Metal, Nitrogen and Phosphorus) Modified Coastal Climate  [PDF]
Yongpeng Tong, Zhipeng Zhu
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.36001
Abstract:

Objectives: As a result of global warming, precipitation is likely to increase at certain area (high latitudes). However, the mechanisms that human activity is influenced by global climate change are far from completely understood. We try to analyze the relationship between industrial emission (trace metal, nitrogen and phosphorus) and climate signature (precipitation) by Chinese industrialization progresses. Methods: Mainly by using the public data from Bulletin of Environment in China, Bulletin of Marine Environmental Status of China and some data of our experiments, we get the analyzed result. Results: Annual average temperature in China after industrialization is significantly increased, whereas annual average precipitation in China after industrialization is no significantly difference. Phytoplankton increases evaporation of seawater and the relative humidity. Phytoplankton biomass will be different in different stages of environmental pollution in coastal areas. The higher relative humidity of Guangzhou (near the second-third class pollution coast-Shenzhen coast with higher phytoplankton biomass) has higher precipitation; in contrast, lower relative humidity of Shanghai (near the inferior fouth class Zhejiang coast) has lower precipitation recent years. Conclusions: Industrial emissions may have two competing effects: one is to promote the growth of phytoplankton and then cause higher seawater evaporation rates and precipitation; another is to decrease water vapour pressure by serious pollution, which then reduces the seawater evaporation rate and precipitation. With temperature increasing, the precipitation is likely to increase only at low pollution area (high latitudes).

Meta-Analysis of Fluid Intelligence Tests of Children from the Chinese Mainland with Learning Difficulties
Fang Tong, Tong Fu
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078311
Abstract: Objective To evaluate the differences in fluid intelligence tests between normal children and children with learning difficulties in China. Method PubMed, MD Consult, and other Chinese Journal Database were searched from their establishment to November 2012. After finding comparative studies of Raven measurements of normal children and children with learning difficulties, full Intelligent Quotation (FIQ) values and the original values of the sub-measurement were extracted. The corresponding effect model was selected based on the results of heterogeneity and parallel sub-group analysis was performed. Results Twelve documents were included in the meta-analysis, and the studies were all performed in mainland of China. Among these, two studies were performed at child health clinics, the other ten sites were schools and control children were schoolmates or classmates. FIQ was evaluated using a random effects model. WMD was ?13.18 (95% CI: ?16.50–?9.85). Children with learning difficulties showed significantly lower FIQ scores than controls (P<0.00001); Type of learning difficulty and gender differences were evaluated using a fixed-effects model (I2 = 0%). The sites and purposes of the studies evaluated here were taken into account, but the reasons of heterogeneity could not be eliminated; The sum IQ of all the subgroups showed considerable heterogeneity (I2 = 76.5%). The sub-measurement score of document A showed moderate heterogeneity among all documents, and AB, B, and E showed considerable heterogeneity, which was used in a random effect model. Individuals with learning difficulties showed heterogeneity as well. There was a moderate delay in the first three items (?0.5 to ?0.9), and a much more pronounced delay in the latter three items (?1.4 to ?1.6). Conclusion In the Chinese mainland, the level of fluid intelligence of children with learning difficulties was lower than that of normal children. Delayed development in sub-items of C, D, and E was more obvious.
Study on Psychological Crisis Evaluation CombiningFactor Analysis and Neural Networks  [PDF]
Hui Li, Yingbi Zhang, Hengqing Tong, Dongsheng Liu, Qiaoling Tong
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.22022
Abstract: Effective and rapid psychological crisis evaluation under emergency is the basis to carry out psychological crisis intervention. In this paper, based on existing research, an index system to evaluate the state of psychological cri-sis is established and the index system is simplified by the model combining factor analysis and neural networks. Experiments illustrate that the training times, training time and maximum error of the combination model are 1445, 20.476 (s), 0.0011 respectively while the general neural networks are 5581, 115.610 (s), 0.0090 with 92 samples and the final diagnosis by the combination model are also exact.
Development of Magnetic Field Sensor and Motor Fault Monitoring Application  [PDF]
Ziyuan Tong, Zhaoyang Dong, Minming Tong, Bo Wang, Li Meng
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2014.27007
Abstract:

For the purpose of motor fault real-time monitoring, this research developed a nano-silicon ni- tride film based magnetic field (MF) sensor, and applied this sensor in MF detection of two common faults. Through experiment, it turned out that arc discharge and slot discharge occur in motor fault produce MF with certain laws. This result proved the feasibility of the sensor and sensing method in MF analysis, and revealed possibility of a new method in fault detection.

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