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Spatial analysis of tuberculosis in four main ethnic communities in Taiwan during 2005 to 2009  [PDF]
Pui-Jen Tsai
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2011.13017
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to assess spatial features of tuberculosis prevalence and their relationships with four main ethnic communities in Taiwan. Methods of spatial analysis were clustering pattern determination (such as global version of Moran’s test and local version of Gi*(d) statistic), using logistic regression calculations to identify spatial distributions over a contiguous five years and identify significant similarities, discriminant analysis to classify variables, and geographically weighted regression (GWR) to determine the strength of relationships between tuberculosis prevalence and ethnic variables in spatial features. Tuberculosis demonstrated decreasing trends in prevalence in both genders during 2005 to 2009. All results of the global Moran’s tests indicated spatial heterogeneity and clusters in the plain and mountainous Aboriginal townships. The Gi*(d) statistic calculated z-score outcomes, categorized as clusters or non-clusters, at at 5% significance level. According to the stepwise Wilks’ lambda discriminant analysis, in the Aborigines and Hoklo communities townships with clusters of tuberculosis cases differentiated from townships without cluster cases, to a greater extent than in the other communities. In the GWR models, the explanatory variables demonstrated significant and positive signs of parameter estimates in clusters occurring in plain and mountainous aboriginal townships. The explanatory variables of both the Hoklo and Hakka communities demonstrated significant, but negative, signs of parameter estimates. The Mainlander community did not significantly associate with cluster patterns of tuberculosis in Taiwan. Results indicated that locations of high tuberculosis prevalence closely related to areas containing higher proportions of the Aboriginal community in Taiwan. This information is relevant for assessment of spatial risk factors, which, in turn, can facilitate the planning of the most advantageous types of health care policies, and implementation of effective health care services.
Predictors of Hands-On Learning: Students’ Problem Approach Attitude, Problem Solving Confidence, and Problem Solving Style Relevant to Parental Monitoring  [PDF]
Chi-Ruei Tsai
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.25006
Abstract: Helicopter parents prevail in this current society, their monitoring practice was assumed to take their children away from many hands-on engagements and affect children’s problem solving skills. Accordingly, this study conducted a questionnaire survey to those vocational high school students who had ever experienced project making, and there were 456 effective questionnaires collected for confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. The results showed that: 1) parental monitoring was negatively correlated to problem solving confidence, problem solving style, and problem approaching attitude. 2) Students’ problem solving confidence, problem solving style, and problem approach attitude were positively associated with hands-on learning attitude. The results implied that parents ought to give children more opportunities to behave themselves, so children would have higher foci of hands-on practice which special needed in vocational high school.
The Ethnic Transference of Feminist Thought Involving Colonialism: A Metacognitive Examination of Multi-Cultural Learning  [PDF]
Shu-Chen Tsai
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.31011
Abstract: An Asian female immigrant to Canada contemplates how Black African feminist concepts are useful in understanding her own feminist history in another racial setting in a different part of the world. Her multi-cultural learning experience yields parallels between Black African feminist thought and her own ethnic cultural experience, prompts ideas about how feminists of all “shades” may achieve greater strength through recognition of commonalities, and creates questions for future research areas of her Asian cultural experience which may be informed and better understood through the insights of Black African feminist thought.
Computer Mediated Communications and Religion: An Evolutionary Primer  [PDF]
Shu-Chen Tsai
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.31014
Abstract: The research examines the field of Computer Mediated Communications and religion from an evolutionary perspective by tracing five subjectively selected developments in this field of research and, in so doing, offers a brief primer by which to navigate the morass of research regarding this topic.
RETRACTED: Pros and Cons of General Anaesthesia on Total Knee Angioplasty (TKA) and Total Hip Angioplasty (THA)  [PDF]
Jeffrey Y. Tsai
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2015.54009
Abstract:

Short Retraction Notice

The paper does not meet the standards of \"Open Journal of Orthopedics\".

This article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. The aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused.

Editor guiding this retraction: Dr. Samer El Hage (EB of OJO)

The full retraction notice in PDF is preceding the original paper, which is marked \"RETRACTED\".

Unilateral Reference Values for Hoffmann’s Reflex in Patients with Suspected Lumbosacral Radiculopathies  [PDF]
I-Hsuan Tsai, Hao-Hsuan Tsai
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2013.33032
Abstract: Unilateral reference values for Hoffmann’s amplitude could be applied to the diagnosis of lumbosacral radiculopathy, especially in patients with bilateral lesions. Here, we assessed Hoffmann’s reflex by measuring H-wave amplitude and the ratio of H-wave amplitude to M-wave amplitude (the H/M ratio). We performed a cross-sectional survey of patients from a Taiwan rehabilitation center (n = 64, age 20 - 87) who presented with lower back pain that radiated to the leg and received a referral for electrodiagnostic examinations. Reference values for H-wave profile parameters were determined using data from lumbosacral radiculopathy-negative patients (n = 10, age 22 - 53), who had normal big toe test results, ankle reflex test results, motor and sensory nerve conductive studies and F-wave latency and who displayed no evidence of radiculopathy in electromyography and imaging studies. The 50th percentile values for H/M ratio and H-wave amplitude were 28% and 6.25 mV, respectively. An H-wave profile <5th percentile (H/M ratio <11% or H-wave amplitude <2.5 mV) was significantly related to both electromyography-confirmed current and chronic lumbosacral radiculopathy (n =
Relationship between Organizational Culture, Leadership Behavior and Job Satisfaction
Yafang Tsai
BMC Health Services Research , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-11-98
Abstract: A cross-sectional study was undertaken that focused on hospital nurses in Taiwan. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire; 300 questionnaires were distributed and 200 valid questionnaires were returned. To test the reliability of the data, they were analyzed by Cronbach's α and confirmatory factors. Correlation analysis was used on the relationships between organizational cultures, leadership behavior and job satisfaction.Organizational cultures were significantly (positively) correlated with leadership behavior and job satisfaction, and leadership behavior was significantly (positively) correlated with job satisfaction.The culture within an organization is very important, playing a large role in whether it is a happy and healthy environment in which to work. In communicating and promoting the organizational ethos to employees, their acknowledgement and acceptance of it can influence their work behavior and attitudes. When the interaction between the leadership and employees is good, the latter will make a greater contribution to team communication and collaboration, and will also be encouraged to accomplish the mission and objectives assigned by the organization, thereby enhancing job satisfaction.Organizational culture is described by Robbins & Coulter [1] as the shared values, beliefs, or perceptions held by employees within an organization or organizational unit. Because organizational culture reflects the values, beliefs and behavioral norms that are used by employees in an organization to give meaning to the situations that they encounter, it can influence the attitudes and behavior of the staff [2]. Understanding the organization's core values can prevent possible internal conflict [3], which is the main reason for our research into these cultural issues.In other management fields, empirical research of organizational culture has involved the functionalist perspective, providing impressive evidence of the role of organizational culture in improvin
Personality Traits Hierarchy of Online Shoppers
Tsai Chen
International Journal of Marketing Studies , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijms.v3n4p23
Abstract: Over the past decade, B2C e-commerce has flourished and enjoyed a growth rate unrivaled by the traditional retail business. This study is meant to contribute to the underdeveloped area of traits study concerning online shoppers. Specifically, the hierarchical trait theory of the 3M Model is applied as the theoretical foundation of the research. SEM was employed to analyze the relationships between research constructs. Major findings include: (1) all five middle level traits, i.e. Innovativeness, Need for Cognition, Trust, Value Consciousness, and Buying Impulsiveness are related to Online Purchase Intention, (2) The Elemental Traits of Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness, Need for Arousal, and Need for Material are related to one or two middle level traits respectively. Moreover, this study empirically validated the Four-level Traits Hierarchical Model and demonstrated that traits can be the driving force behind human motivation and intention.
TOPICAL REVIEW Icosahedral clusters, icosaheral order and stability of quasicrystals—a view of metallurgy
An Pang Tsai
Science and Technology of Advanced Materials , 2008,
Abstract: We review the stability of various icosahedral quasicrystals (iQc) from a metallurgical viewpoint. The stability of stable iQcs is well interpreted in terms of Hume-Rothery rules, i.e. atomic size factor and valence electron concentration, e/a. For metastable iQcs, we discuss the role of phason disorder introduced by rapid solidification, in structural stability and its interplay with chemical order and composition.
Online Impulse Buying and Product Involvement
Tsai Chen
Communications of the IBIMA , 2008,
Abstract: Do consumers behavior different on the Internet from other marketing channels? This study investigates impulse buying behaviors in both traditional store and online shopping contexts. The results show that impulsive buying tendency and involvement with clothing products is positively associated with impulse buying behavior of clothing in traditional store shopping, but not online. For computer peripherals, on the other hand, higher impulsive buying tendency and higher product involvement are positively associated with higher impulse buying online, but not in-store shopping.
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